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Download a File Using URLDownloadToCacheFile

, 25 Oct 2002
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A sample to demonstrate how to use URLDownloadToCacheFile and IBindStatusCallback.

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Introduction

You can use WinInet to download a file from the Internet. But the easier way is to use the ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() or ::URLDownloadToFile() functions. The URL functions combine the capabilities of asynchronous monikers and URL monikers into easy-to-use functions. By using these functions, you do not have to worry about the protocols used to transfer the files, such as HTTP, FTP. In the simplest case, all you have to do is to pass them the URL. ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() downloads data into the Internet cache and returns the file name of the cache location for retrieving the bits. ::URLDownloadToFile() downloads bits from the Internet and saves them to a file. However, they are blocking functions. Even though the data is downloaded asynchronously the functions do not return until all the data is downloaded. You can choose to be notified of progress through a notification callback.

This sample demonstrates how to use the ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() function to download a file from the Internet without blocking the user interface. The use of the ::URLDownloadToFile() function is similar. The sample is an MFC dialog-based application that creates a worker thread to perform the download task.

The user is supposed to enter the URL in the URL edit box and then press the Download button. The CUrlFileDlg::OnOK() will be called since the ID of the Download button is IDOK. The CUrlFileDlg::OnOK() retrieves the URL string from the URL edit box and checks its validity using the ::IsValidURL() function. The second parameter of the ::IsValidURL() function is expected to be of the LPCWSTR type. Here, the T2CW conversion macro is used. For more information about MBCS/Unicode Conversion Macros, see the MFC Technical Note "TN059: Using MFC MBCS/Unicode Conversion Macros". If the URL is valid (but it is not necessarily correct), a worker thread is created by calling ::AfxBeginThread(). The controlling function for the worker thread is a static member function of CUrlFileDlg - CUrlFileDlg::Download(), which calls ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() and posts a user-defined message WM_USER_ENDDOWNLOAD to the dialog box after ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() returns. The message-handler function for WM_USER_ENDDOWNLOAD waits until the worker thread terminates, then deletes the CWinThread object. It also displays the name of the downloaded file. The last parameter of ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() is the address of the caller's IBindStatusCallback interface. ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() calls this interface's IBindStatusCallback::OnProgress() method on a connection activity, including the arrival of data. Implementing IBindStatusCallback::OnProgress() allows a caller to implement a user interface or other progress monitoring functionality. It also allows the download operation to be canceled by returning E_ABORT from the IBindStatusCallback::OnProgress() call. The implementation of the IBindStatusCallback interface is the CBSCallbackImpl class. The CBSCallbackImpl::OnProgress() sends a user-defined message WM_USER_DISPLAYSTATUS to the dialog box to display the progress messages. It also uses the ::WaitForSingleObject() function to check the current state of the event object, which is set to the signaled state when the user has pressed the Stop button (the same button as the Download button) during downloading. If the event object is in the signaled state, the CBSCallbackImpl::OnProgress() returns E_ABORT to cancel the download operation.

Note that the following setting affects the behavior of ::URLDownloadToCacheFile() just like the Internet Explorer browser.

Check Control Panel/Internet/General/Temporary Internet files/Settings/Check for newer versions of stored pages

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Chen Su
Software Developer
Canada Canada
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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionReally beautiful code PinmemberMichael B Pliam22-Jul-13 12:32 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pinmembersujit_haldar7-Sep-12 4:54 
GeneralMy vote of 5 [modified] Pinmemberprojectzombie8-Dec-11 16:47 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberChen Su8-Dec-11 17:05 
QuestionCould have been more simple... Pinmembervantomas12-Aug-11 4:05 
GeneralDelete Downloaded File PinmemberRobairbutler10-Jun-10 22:58 
GeneralRe: Delete Downloaded File PinmemberChen Su11-Jun-10 14:46 
GeneralRe: Delete Downloaded File PinmemberRobairbutler14-Jun-10 1:42 
QuestionPause / Resume Pinmemberkhoanguyen11-Dec-09 18:02 
QuestionChange download directory Pinmemberawelch23-Oct-09 5:46 
AnswerRe: Change download directory PinmemberChen Su23-Oct-09 11:46 
QuestionHow to block IE generate temporary files? PinmemberXuefei.Wu13-Apr-09 17:09 
GeneralGood code, not very good article:) Pinmemberzengkun10012-Jun-08 1:04 
Generalpause and resume Pinmembermonsieur_jj7-May-08 20:14 
AnswerRe: pause and resume PinmemberChen Su8-May-08 9:14 
QuestionURLDownloadToCacheFile in Asynchronous mode Pinmembercall4e_friend21-May-07 21:56 
AnswerRe: URLDownloadToCacheFile in Asynchronous mode PinmemberChen Su22-May-07 19:15 
QuestionFile convertion Pinmemberkalaikumar.t10-Jul-06 23:53 
GeneralCommandline with Url PinmemberRhettCawood10-Jul-06 19:50 
GeneralRe: Commandline with Url PinmemberChen Su13-Jul-06 13:56 
GeneralRe: Commandline with Url PinmemberRhettCawood14-Jul-06 4:18 
GeneralVB Version of this downloader PinmemberRhettCawood10-Jul-06 14:09 
GeneralRe: VB Version of this downloader PinmemberChen Su10-Jul-06 16:32 
Questionit do not work on my computer Pinmemberr0dmetal22-Mar-06 8:05 
GeneralAuthentication and URLDownloadToCacheFile PinmemberJohnFx7-Mar-06 6:29 

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