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SharpGL: A C# OpenGL Class Library

, 7 Apr 2014 GPL3
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Use OpenGL in WinForms or WPF applications, directly or with a powerful Scene Graph.

sharpgl/SharpGL-Logo.jpg

SharpGL is a project that lets you use OpenGL in your Windows Forms or WPF applications with ease! With all OpenGL functions up to the latest 4.2 release, all major extensions, a powerful scene graph and project templates for Visual Studio, you have all the tools you need to create compelling 3D applications - or to port existing code to a new platform.

Too busy to read the introduction to SharpGL? Check out the Getting Started Guide instead.

A picture paints a thousand words, so let's see some screenshots first!

Cel Shading - This is the latest sample, it shows you how to use modern OpenGL features like Vertex Buffers and Shaders. It will be written up as as complete article soon.

Radial Blur - The Radial Blur Sample shows how you can create advanced lighting effects using standard OpenGL functions.

sharpgl/RadialBlurSample.jpg

Utah Teapot WPF Sample - Direct OpenGL Rendering in a WPF application - with no airspace or Windows Forms Host objects. The SharpGL OpenGLControl provides an OpenGL rendering surface directly in your application.

sharpgl/WpfTeapotSample.jpg

Texturing Sample - Speed up OpenGL development by utilising classes like the Texture class, used to load and transform image data into OpenGL textures.

sharpgl/TexturesSample.jpg

Hit Testing Sample - By deriving scene elements from IBoundable, you can let your own custom classes participate in hit testing.

sharpgl/HitTestSample.jpg

What is SharpGL?

SharpGL is a collection of class libraries that let you use OpenGL functionality in your code. Class libraries are:

SharpGL - Contains the main OpenGL object - this object wraps all OpenGL functions, enumerations and extensions.

SharpGL.SceneGraph - Contains all wrappers for OpenGL objects and Scene Elements - Lights, Materials, Textures, NURBs, Shaders and more.

SharpGL.WinForms - Contains Windows Forms Controls for your applications.

SharpGL.WPF - Contains WPF Controls for your applications.

SharpGL.Serialization - Contains classes used to load geometry and data from 3D Studio Max files, Discreet obj files and trueSpace files.

Between these libraries, SharpGL gives to a wrapper to all current OpenGL functions, all major extensions and a rich set of objects for advanced functionality. You can use SharpGL to perform 'traditional' OpenGL drawing or you can use the SceneGraph to implement more application specific tasks.

How do I use SharpGL?

It's simple! If you have a chunk of code like the below:

//  Set the line width and point size.
glLineWidth(3.0f);
glPointSize(2.0f);

Then it would be written as:

//  Get a reference to the OpenGL object.
OpenGL gl = openGLCtrl1.OpenGL;

//  Set the line width and point size.
gl.LineWidth(3.0f);
gl.PointSize(2.0f);

This is the first fundamental - any OpenGL function that begins with 'gl' or 'glu' is a member function of the SharpGL.OpenGL object, with the 'gl' or 'glu' removed.

This takes care of the most basic functions - however, there is an exception to this rule. The code below:

//  Set the color.
glColor3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);

//  Output some vertices.
glVertex3f(2.0f, 3.0f 4.0f);
glVertex4f(2.0f, 1.0f, 10.0f, 1.0f);

Would be written as:

//  Set the color.
gl.Color3(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);

//  Output some vertices.
gl.Vertex3(2.0f, 3.0f 4.0f);
gl.Vertex4(2.0f, 1.0f, 10.0f, 1.0f);

Note the absense of the 'f' at the end of the function. This is the second fundamental - SharpGL wrapper functions never have a type postfix. OpenGL functions often end in 'f' (for float), 'fv' (for float vector), 'i' (for integer) and so on. We do not need to have unique names in C# so we do not apply these postfixes to the function name. We do keep the number however - as in the case where arrays are passed in, the wrapper needs to know how many elements are to be used.

This takes care of functions that take fundamental types as parameters. For other types of functions, we have one more thing to remember. The code below:

//  Set the polygon mode.
glPolygonMode(GL_FRONT, GL_FILL);

is written as:

//  Set the polygon mode.
gl.PolygonMode(OpenGL.GL_FRONT, OpenGL.GL_FILL);

or:

//  Set the polygon mode.
gl.PolygonMode(PolygonFace.Front, PolygonMode.Fill);

This describes the final fundamental. OpenGL constants are all defined as constant members of the SharpGL.OpenGL class, and have exactly the same names.

This takes care of how 'standard' C OpenGL code would be written using SharpGL. As an aid to the programmer, many of the standard OpenGL functions have overloads that take strong types. In the snippet above (PolygonMode) we can use OpenGL constants or the PolygonFace and PolygonMode enumerations - both are perfectly valid. The first is more in line with typical C code, the second gives the developer more in the way of intellisense to aid them.

Coding with SharpGL

Coding with SharpGL is very straightforward. Some of the benefits you will notice are:

Code Hints and Intellisense

sharpgl/Screenshot_CodeHints.png

All core OpenGL functions are fully documented, meaning you get the information you need as you type - less looking through The Red Book and more productivity.

Enumerations for Core Functions

sharpgl/Screenshot_Enumerations.png

Improve readability and reduce errors by using type-safe enumerations for core functions.

Extensions and Core Support to 4.2

sharpgl/Screenshot_Extensions.png

All major extension functions available, deprecated functions are marked as deprecated, extensions that have made it into the standard are present both in extension form and core form.

Your first SharpGL Application

You can have a SharpGL application running in five minutes - here's how.

1. Install the SharpGL Visual Studio Extension

Download the SharpGL Visual Studio Extension and extract it. Double click on the *.vsix file - the install confirmation will be shown. Choose 'Install'.

sharpgl/ConfirmInstallation.png

2. Run Visual Studio and create a New Project

Run Visual Studio and choose 'New Project'. You'll see that under C# there are two new templates - SharpGL Windows Forms Application and SharpGL WPF Application. Choose your preferred platform.

sharpgl/NewWpfApplication.png

3. Run the Application

Hit Ctrl-F5 or press 'Run'. Your new SharpGL application runs up, showing a rotating pyramid. You have three functions by default:

OpenGLDraw - Used to do OpenGL rendering.
OpenGLInitialized - Used to perform any OpenGL initialization.
Resize - Used to create a projection transformation.

The code that comes with the template does the basic for you - and there are many sample applications provided with the source code as baselines for your own project.

sharpgl/WpfApp.png

Related Articles

SharpGL is big. OpenGL is big and very mature now. Rather than squeeze too much detail into this article, I will write separate articles on specific topics. If you have any suggestions or questions then please comment below.

OpenGL in .NET - Getting Started

SharpGL Documentation

Using SharpGL in a WPF Application

Keep Up To Date

Up to date information on SharpGL development is available from the SharpGL CodePlex site or the SharpGL GitHub site. You can always get the latest binaries from Nuget, just check out the Getting Started Guide.

I write about various interesting areas I come across when developing SharpGL on my blog at http://www.dwmkerr.com.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The GNU General Public License (GPLv3)

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About the Author

Dave Kerr
Software Developer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Follow my blog at www.dwmkerr.com and find out about my charity at www.childrenshomesnepal.org.
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmvpDave Kerr18-Apr-13 3:32 
BugWhat if (frameRate is 0) but (timerDrawing.Enabled is false) @OpenGLControl.SetupDrawingTimer() ? Pinmemberbitzhuwei16-Apr-13 17:05 
GeneralRe: What if (frameRate is 0) but (timerDrawing.Enabled is false) @OpenGLControl.SetupDrawingTimer() ? PinmvpDave Kerr16-Apr-13 22:25 
GeneralFantastic stuff thank you. Pinmembermakaveli_000020-Feb-13 8:33 
GeneralRe: Fantastic stuff thank you. PinmvpDave Kerr20-Feb-13 22:37 
GeneralRe: Fantastic stuff thank you. PinmemberJuan Manuel Romero Martin7-Apr-13 13:12 
GeneralRe: Fantastic stuff thank you. Pinmembermakaveli_00007-Apr-13 14:23 
Questiontext in 3d space Pinmembertcpmv1-Jan-13 11:15 
I see .DrawText and DrawText3D but I can't place text in 3D space, i.e. x=10, y=20, z=40 @ 45 degree. How can I do this?
Thanks,
AnswerRe: text in 3d space PinmvpDave Kerr2-Jan-13 22:32 
Generaltext in 3d space Pinmembertcpmv3-Jan-13 5:58 
GeneralRe: text in 3d space PinmvpDave Kerr3-Jan-13 8:10 
QuestionWhen I initialize the OpenGL, why I must Translate the modelview. Pinmemberzy3327197942-Dec-12 16:23 
AnswerRe: When I initialize the OpenGL, why I must Translate the modelview. PinmvpDave Kerr4-Dec-12 4:12 
QuestionCan't get started PinmemberMWBate29-Nov-12 9:01 
AnswerRe: Can't get started - solved PinmemberMWBate3-Dec-12 17:48 
GeneralRe: Can't get started - solved PinmvpDave Kerr4-Dec-12 4:12 
QuestionProblem with Intel HD 3000 on laptop Pinmemberandrea tosetto24-Nov-12 5:32 
Question2d Images PinmemberMember 778994826-Oct-12 9:21 
Questionwhyt the run result is always balckground Pinmemberlxp211022-Oct-12 5:57 
Bugbug in framerate setter [modified] Pinmemberchristophe.thalet13-Oct-12 9:00 
GeneralRe: bug in framerate setter PinmvpDave Kerr14-Oct-12 0:27 
Generala problem Pinmemberxitangzi16-Jul-12 23:57 
GeneralRe: a problem Pinmemberlxp211022-Oct-12 5:42 
BugSharpGL runs really slow Pinmemberc4th0d36-Jul-12 9:50 
GeneralRe: SharpGL runs really slow PinmvpDave Kerr6-Jul-12 21:21 

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