This work builds on my previous CEnBitmap class but is sufficiently new to warrant a separate article.
I read Yves Maurer's excellent bitmap rotation article (see Credits section) recently and was prompted to rewrite a bitmap post-processing library I had written some time ago for a proprietary 3D rendering engine.
CEnBitmap class I had previously developed allowed for loading a variety of graphic formats both off disk and via resource ID, I thought it would provide the ideal vehicle for these further extensions.
What I've implemented then is a user-extensible bitmap processing 'library' with some built-in support for graying, rotating, shearing, blurring and resizing a bitmap, which can be used as simply as this:
To define you own image processing plug-in, just derive a new class from
C32BitImageProcessor and override the virtual methods
Once you've done this, you simply pass your plug-in to the
CEnBitmap object as follows:
For multi-pass processing, you can also pass an array of plug-in pointers to
CEnBitmap as follows:
This has the advantage of only getting and setting the internal
HBITMAP bits at the start and end of the operation, and of doing as few memory allocations as possible.
Try out the 'Spin' button on the sample app to see how quick it is. About 20-30 ms for each iteration on a 200x200 image. (Note: the flipping and shearing plug-ins only take 0-5 ms for a similar sized image).
The key to achieving any degree of real time processing is a good algorithm (see karl Lager's credit) and working on the bitmap at the lowest level (see Yves Maurer's credit).
So all the processing is done on the raw bitmap bits, and not using
GetPixel() which would be way too slow.
The addition of color weighting adds a small penalty to the processing speed but gives way better results. However, color weighting is managed via a boolean attribute, so its up to you which way you go.
Carrying out multiple processing using an array of processors gives a small improvement, so its worth doing (see the sample app for details).
This is a simple app which allows you to load a variety of image formats and apply the built-in plug-ins.
Note: the plug-ins are not necessarily applied in the order you select them but in the order that gives the best results.
I've modified the sample app so that the selected plug-ins are also applied when spinning, and can be turned on and off on the fly.
Conditions of use
Except that I retain copyright of this original work, notwithstanding the work done by those listed in the credits.
If you write a plug-in of your own then you are free to publish it as your own original work and, if appropriate, I'll add it to the
CEnBitmap interface and add a link on this page.
I'm happy to receive suggestions for:
- Other plug-ins which I will attempt to implement.
- Ways to speed up the existing plug-ins
- Ways to improve the output quality from the existing algorithms.
- 1.0 16 Dec 2001
- 1.1 17 Dec 2001
- Negating added
- Flipping added
- Color replacement added
- Graying speeded up
- 1.2 17 Dec 2001
- Color weighting added (vastly improves quality of rotating and shearing)
- Sample app improved
- 1.3 18 Dec 2001
- Sharpening added
- Some boundary condition bugs fixed
- Blurring speeded up
- Improved user controlled settings added to sample app