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NHunspell - Hunspell for the .NET platform

, 21 Jul 2014 LGPL3 123.7K 1.7K 53
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The spell checking and hyphenation features of OpenOffice for the .NET platform.

Introduction

I was looking for a good spell checker and hyphenation library for .NET, and I found the free (LGPL licensed) Hunspell spell checker and Hyphen libraries used in OpenOffice. Hunspell wasn't available for the .NET platform. So, I decided to write a wrapper/port. It is quite nice that a lot of the OpenOffice dictionaries are LGPL licensed too and can be used in proprietary applications.

Interop code to the native Hunspell functions

I used Managed C++ to write the wrapper/port, because I could use the original source code of Hunspell and Hyphen. It was quite nice to write the interop code between managed classes and the unmanaged Hunspell and Hyphen libraries. The original source code is almost unchanged, so that new versions of Hunspell or Hyphen can be easily adopted. Hunspell and Hyphen use unmanaged memory functions, so I had to implement the IDisposable interface and used this pattern to free unmanaged memory early.

Because Hunspell uses UTF8 coding, I had to provide conversion functions from/to UTF8:

char * NHunspell::MarshalHelper::AllocUTF8FromString(String ^value)
{
    array<Byte> ^ byteArray = Encoding::UTF8->GetBytes(value);
    int size = Marshal::SizeOf(byteArray[0]) * (byteArray->Length + 1);
    IntPtr buffer = Marshal::AllocHGlobal(size);
    Marshal::Copy(byteArray, 0, buffer, byteArray->Length);
    Marshal::WriteByte(buffer, size - 1, 0);
    return (char *) buffer.ToPointer();
}

String ^ NHunspell::MarshalHelper::AllocStringFromUTF8( char * value )
{
    int size = strlen(value);
    array<Byte> ^ byteArray = gcnew array<Byte>(size);
    Marshal::Copy(IntPtr(value), byteArray, 0, size);
    return Encoding::UTF8->GetString(byteArray);
}

Another big thing is to handle the unmanaged memory. I implement destructors and finalizers to deal with this:

NHunspell::Hunspell::~Hunspell()
{
    this->!Hunspell();
}

NHunspell::Hunspell::!Hunspell()
{
    if( handle != 0 )
    {
        delete handle;
        handle = 0;
    }
}

bool NHunspell::Hunspell::IsDisposed::get()
{
    return handle == 0;
}

NHunspell spell checking and hyphenation sample

This is a short demo of how to use NHunspell for spell checking, suggestions, and hyphenation:

Console.WriteLine("NHunspell functions and classes demo");

Console.WriteLine("");
Console.WriteLine("Spell Check with with Hunspell");

// Important: Due to the fact Hunspell will use unmanaged memory
// you have to serve the IDisposable pattern
// In this block of code this is be done
// by a using block. But you can also call hunspell.Dispose()
using (Hunspell hunspell = new Hunspell("en_us.aff", "en_us.dic"))
{
    Console.WriteLine("Check if the word 'Recommendation' is spelled correct"); 
    bool correct = hunspell.Spell("Recommendation");
    Console.WriteLine("Recommendation is spelled " + 
              (correct ? "correct" : "not correct"));

    Console.WriteLine("");
    Console.WriteLine("Make suggestions for the word 'Recommendatio'");
    List<string> suggestions = hunspell.Suggest("Recommendatio");
    Console.WriteLine("There are " + suggestions.Count.ToString() + 
                      " suggestions" );
    foreach (string suggestion in suggestions)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Suggestion is: " + suggestion );
    }
}

Console.WriteLine("");
Console.WriteLine("Hyphenation with Hyph");

// Important: Due to the fact Hyphen will use unmanaged
// memory you have to serve the IDisposable pattern
// In this block of code this is be done by a using block.
// But you can also call hyphen.Dispose()
using (Hyphen hyphen = new Hyphen("hyph_en_us.dic"))
{
    Console.WriteLine("Get the hyphenation of the word 'Recommendation'"); 
    HyphenResult hyphenated = hyphen.Hyphenate("Recommendation");
    Console.WriteLine("'Recommendation' is hyphenated as: " + 
                      hyphenated.HyphenatedWord ); 
}

Console.WriteLine("");
Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue...");
Console.ReadKey();

Because Hunspell is native C++ code, you must include the correct assembly for your platform. On x86 platforms (32 bit), use the NHunspell.dll from the X86 folder. On X64 platforms, use the NHunspell.dll from the X64 folder.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPLv3)

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About the Author

I'm working on a new project called Crawler-Lib. It is a generalized back-end processing and hosting framework for Microsoft .NET and Mono. Please take a look at it:
Crawler-Lib Homepage
Crawler-Lib Blog
Crawler-Lib YouTube Channel

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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHyphenation priority Pin
Yves Goergen27-Jan-15 4:04
memberYves Goergen27-Jan-15 4:04 
AnswerRe: Hyphenation priority Pin
Thomas Maierhofer (Tom)5-Feb-15 0:08
memberThomas Maierhofer (Tom)5-Feb-15 0:08 
QuestionCan we get grammar suggestions using this library? Pin
Nitin Sawant29-Nov-12 18:56
memberNitin Sawant29-Nov-12 18:56 
AnswerRe: Can we get grammar suggestions using this library? Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Mar-13 11:32
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Mar-13 11:32 
QuestionForm Resize issue Pin
Scott Logan11-Nov-11 1:07
memberScott Logan11-Nov-11 1:07 
QuestionStrange hang Pin
jarofkla15-Dec-10 4:53
memberjarofkla15-Dec-10 4:53 
I am attempting to use NHunspell 0.9.6 within an ASP.NET web application deployed underneath a SharePoint 2007 installation running on a Windows 2003 x64 server farm. I have so far gotten it to work but I have noticed that after about a few calls to the DLL, the application begins to hang. If I comment out my calls to the Hunspell object, the hang goes away. I am calling Dispose() on the Page.Unload() event and I hoped that would release the resource, but this problem won't go away. In the process explorer I see that the IE8 process status is waiting on something.

Has anyone else experienced this? My guess has something to do with the x64 environment, but I don't have anything to base this on.
Randy

GeneralAFF File not found Pin
hemaprathima24-Nov-10 20:01
memberhemaprathima24-Nov-10 20:01 
General"Stack empty" error every now and then with v0.9.6 Pin
Rune Jacobsen13-Oct-10 20:24
memberRune Jacobsen13-Oct-10 20:24 
GeneralRe: "Stack empty" error every now and then with v0.9.6 Pin
Thomas Maierhofer14-Oct-10 3:37
memberThomas Maierhofer14-Oct-10 3:37 
GeneralRe: "Stack empty" error every now and then with v0.9.6 Pin
Rune Jacobsen18-Oct-10 0:33
memberRune Jacobsen18-Oct-10 0:33 
GeneralRe: "Stack empty" error every now and then with v0.9.6 Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Oct-10 0:52
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Oct-10 0:52 
GeneralRe: "Stack empty" error every now and then with v0.9.6 Pin
Rune Jacobsen18-Oct-10 1:03
memberRune Jacobsen18-Oct-10 1:03 
GeneralNHunspell Version 0.9.5 released Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:05
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:05 
GeneralProblem loading the native DLL Pin
Rune Jacobsen1-Jul-10 1:08
memberRune Jacobsen1-Jul-10 1:08 
GeneralRe: Problem loading the native DLL Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 22:50
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 22:50 
GeneralRe: Problem loading the native DLL Pin
Rune Jacobsen10-Aug-10 23:41
memberRune Jacobsen10-Aug-10 23:41 
QuestionSom question that i have Pin
Viki Vic1-Jun-10 22:34
memberViki Vic1-Jun-10 22:34 
AnswerRe: Som question that i have Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 22:59
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 22:59 
GeneralProblem exporting solution Pin
yunou13-May-10 12:59
memberyunou13-May-10 12:59 
GeneralRe: Problem exporting solution Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:01
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:01 
GeneralNot Working in Windows Form Pin
mouthpiec7-Mar-10 6:29
membermouthpiec7-Mar-10 6:29 
GeneralRe: Not Working in Windows Form Pin
mouthpiec7-Mar-10 6:47
membermouthpiec7-Mar-10 6:47 
GeneralRe: Not Working in Windows Form Pin
mouthpiec7-Mar-10 7:47
membermouthpiec7-Mar-10 7:47 
GeneralHunspell class Add method not working Pin
mrmans0n23-Feb-10 8:20
membermrmans0n23-Feb-10 8:20 
GeneralRe: Hunspell class Add method not working Pin
JBoinker2-Jun-10 15:02
memberJBoinker2-Jun-10 15:02 
GeneralRe: Hunspell class Add method not working Pin
Thomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:02
memberThomas Maierhofer18-Jul-10 23:02 
NewsJust posted an IExtenderProvider using NHunspell [modified] Pin
William Winner3-Feb-10 8:34
memberWilliam Winner3-Feb-10 8:34 
GeneralNHunspell ExtenderProvider Pin
William Winner14-Jan-10 8:55
memberWilliam Winner14-Jan-10 8:55 
GeneralRe: NHunspell ExtenderProvider Pin
Thomas Maierhofer14-Jan-10 21:15
memberThomas Maierhofer14-Jan-10 21:15 
GeneralRe: NHunspell ExtenderProvider Pin
William Winner26-Jan-10 12:50
memberWilliam Winner26-Jan-10 12:50 
GeneralRe: NHunspell ExtenderProvider Pin
William Winner26-Jan-10 13:15
memberWilliam Winner26-Jan-10 13:15 
NewsTwo new NHunspell Articles for Version 0.9.2 and above are available Pin
Thomas Maierhofer16-Dec-09 1:54
memberThomas Maierhofer16-Dec-09 1:54 
GeneralProblem when loading a dictionary... Pin
Knight_Rider23-Nov-09 6:10
memberKnight_Rider23-Nov-09 6:10 
GeneralRe: Problem when loading a dictionary... Pin
Thomas Maierhofer23-Nov-09 6:30
memberThomas Maierhofer23-Nov-09 6:30 
GeneralRe: Problem when loading a dictionary... Pin
Knight_Rider23-Nov-09 9:06
memberKnight_Rider23-Nov-09 9:06 
GeneralRe: Problem when loading a dictionary... Pin
Thomas Maierhofer23-Nov-09 19:37
memberThomas Maierhofer23-Nov-09 19:37 
GeneralRe: Problem when loading a dictionary... [modified] Pin
Aleksei Krassovskikh13-Feb-10 9:13
memberAleksei Krassovskikh13-Feb-10 9:13 
GeneralNHunspell 0.9.2 is relesed - Thesaurus is available Pin
Thomas Maierhofer27-Oct-09 21:02
memberThomas Maierhofer27-Oct-09 21:02 
GeneralNHunspell as ASP.NET App: http://www.spell-check-thesaurus.com/ Pin
Thomas Maierhofer26-Oct-09 10:09
memberThomas Maierhofer26-Oct-09 10:09 
GeneralNHunspell Development Status Report: Stemming, Thesaurus, multi Threading, other improvements Pin
Thomas Maierhofer20-Oct-09 2:10
memberThomas Maierhofer20-Oct-09 2:10 
GeneralDictionaries Pin
Thomas Maierhofer20-Oct-09 2:03
memberThomas Maierhofer20-Oct-09 2:03 
QuestionSimulating OpenOffice Pin
Ant210022-Jun-09 4:16
memberAnt210022-Jun-09 4:16 
AnswerRe: Simulating OpenOffice Pin
Thomas Maierhofer24-Jun-09 23:58
memberThomas Maierhofer24-Jun-09 23:58 
GeneralRe: Simulating OpenOffice Pin
Ant210025-Jun-09 4:21
memberAnt210025-Jun-09 4:21 
AnswerRe: Simulating OpenOffice [modified] Pin
William Winner3-Feb-10 9:02
memberWilliam Winner3-Feb-10 9:02 
GeneralRe: Simulating OpenOffice Pin
Ant21003-Feb-10 9:04
memberAnt21003-Feb-10 9:04 
GeneralNHunspell 0.6.2 is released - Location of the Hunspellx86.dll and Hunspellx64.dll files Pin
Thomas Maierhofer28-May-09 22:22
memberThomas Maierhofer28-May-09 22:22 
GeneralRe: NHunspell 0.6.2 is released - Location of the Hunspellx86.dll and Hunspellx64.dll files Pin
CCPOSTON11-Aug-09 11:39
memberCCPOSTON11-Aug-09 11:39 
GeneralRe: NHunspell 0.6.2 is released - Location of the Hunspellx86.dll and Hunspellx64.dll files Pin
Thomas Maierhofer11-Aug-09 21:51
memberThomas Maierhofer11-Aug-09 21:51 
GeneralRe: NHunspell 0.6.2 is released - Location of the Hunspellx86.dll and Hunspellx64.dll files Pin
CCPOSTON12-Aug-09 4:24
memberCCPOSTON12-Aug-09 4:24 

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