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DataGridView Custom Headers in VB.NET

, 9 Mar 2009
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How to give Custom Headers to your DataGridView

Here's a screen shot of what you will get by using this code:

DGVCustomHdr.gif

Introduction 

This code came out as an elaboration of Custom draw datagridviewcolumnheader (like Excel 2007) by Andy32.   

Normally, a DataGridView control won't allow you to set a background image for its column headers. This code will do that, in a very easy way.

I made this just to simplify what has already been done by the original author.

I supplied an image, which is a stripe (1 pixel wide), to use a background. You don't need more, because it will be stretched to fill the whole columnheader.
Now, since it is a semi-transparent PNG, you'll see the color of the Columheader. By doing so, you won't need to supply a different image for each colour you'd like to paint your Headers - you just change the ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor property and you're done.

It couldn't be any easier, I think. 

Background

As the original article, this code illustrates how to custom draw a DataGridView Column Headers.

My version is just an optimized version of the original, with much less code and a small improvement (the mentioned small-sized transparent image that lets the underlying color be seen through).  

There is very little code: an enumeration (a set of grouped constants), a method and its call inside an event of the DataGridView. Nothing more than this!!  

Oh, well, I forgot to mention that a little bit of initialization code is required (here I do that directly in the Form's Load event handler, but you can put it into a method and call that method from the Load event). 

Private Sub frmMain_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) _
 Handles Me.Load
	' Init.
	' Set up the Header Color and Font.
	With dgvData.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle
		.Alignment = DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter
		.BackColor = Color.DarkRed
		.ForeColor = Color.Gold
		.Font = New Font(.Font.FontFamily, .Font.Size, _
		 .Font.Style Or FontStyle.Bold, GraphicsUnit.Point)
	End With
	' Fill in some Text.
	For i As Int32 = 0 To 20
		Dim arrStrings As String()
		arrStrings = New String() _
		 { _
		 i.ToString, "Text " & i.ToString, i.ToString, _
		 "Text " & i.ToString, i.ToString _
		 }
		dgvData.Rows.Add(arrStrings)
		arrStrings = Nothing
	Next i
End Sub

Just to put some data into the DataGridView and to set the Color for its column headers. 

Using the Code  

Inside the CellPainting event of the DataGridView, call the supplied GridDrawCustomHeaderColumns method (feel free to shorten the name, if you want):

Private Sub dgvData_CellPainting(ByVal sender As Object, _
	ByVal e As DataGridViewCellPaintingEventArgs) _
	Handles dgvData.CellPainting
		' Only the Header Row (which Index is -1) is to be affected.
		If e.RowIndex = -1 Then
			GridDrawCustomHeaderColumns(dgvData, e, _
			 My.Resources.Button_Gray_Stripe_01_050, _
			 DGVHeaderImageAlignments.Stretch)
		End If
End Sub

The code above will override the normal CellPainting with the code contained in our method:  

Private Sub GridDrawCustomHeaderColumns(ByVal dgv As DataGridView, _
 ByVal e As DataGridViewCellPaintingEventArgs, ByVal img As Image, _
 ByVal Style As DGVHeaderImageAlignments)
	' All of the graphical Processing is done here.
	Dim gr As Graphics = e.Graphics
	' Fill the BackGround with the BackGroud Color of Headers.
	' This step is necessary, for transparent images, or what's behind
	' would be painted instead.
	gr.FillRectangle( _
	 New SolidBrush(dgv.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor), _
	 e.CellBounds)
	If img IsNot Nothing Then
		Select Case Style
			Case DGVHeaderImageAlignments.FillCell
				gr.DrawImage( _
				 img, e.CellBounds.X, e.CellBounds.Y, _
				 e.CellBounds.Width, e.CellBounds.Height)
			Case DGVHeaderImageAlignments.SingleCentered
				gr.DrawImage(img, _
				 ((e.CellBounds.Width - img.Width) \ 2) + _
							e.CellBounds.X, _
				 ((e.CellBounds.Height - img.Height) \ 2) + _
							e.CellBounds.Y, _
				 img.Width, img.Height)
			Case DGVHeaderImageAlignments.SingleLeft
				gr.DrawImage(img, e.CellBounds.X, _
				 ((e.CellBounds.Height - img.Height) \ 2) + _
							e.CellBounds.Y, _
				 img.Width, img.Height)
			Case DGVHeaderImageAlignments.SingleRight
				gr.DrawImage(img, _
				 (e.CellBounds.Width - img.Width) + _
							e.CellBounds.X, _
				 ((e.CellBounds.Height - img.Height) \ 2) + _
							e.CellBounds.Y, _
				 img.Width, img.Height)
			Case DGVHeaderImageAlignments.Tile
				' ***********************************************
				' To correct: It should display
				' just a stripe of images,
				' long as the whole header,
				' but centered in the header's
				' height.
				' This code WON'T WORK.
				' Any one got any better solution?
				'Dim rect As New Rectangle(e.CellBounds.X, _
				' ((e.CellBounds.Height - img.Height) \ 2), _
				' e.ClipBounds.Width, _
				' ((e.CellBounds.Height \ 2 + img.Height \ 2)))
				'Dim br As New TextureBrush_
				'(img, Drawing2D.WrapMode.Tile, _
				' rect)
				' ************************************************
				' This one works... but poorly
				' (the image is repeated
				' vertically, too).
				Dim br As New TextureBrush_
					(img, Drawing2D.WrapMode.Tile)
				gr.FillRectangle(br, e.ClipBounds)
			Case Else
				gr.DrawImage( _
				 img, e.CellBounds.X, e.CellBounds.Y, _
				 e.ClipBounds.Width, e.CellBounds.Height)
		End Select
	End If
	'e.PaintContent(e.CellBounds)
	If e.Value Is Nothing Then
		e.Handled = True
		Return
	End If
	Using sf As New StringFormat
		With sf
			Select Case dgv.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.Alignment
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.BottomCenter
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Far
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.BottomLeft
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Near
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Far
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.BottomRight
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Far
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleLeft
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Near
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleRight
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.TopCenter
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Near
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.TopLeft
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Near
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Near
				Case DataGridViewContentAlignment.TopRight
					.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
					.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Near
			End Select
			' This part could be handled...
			'Select Case dgv.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.WrapMode
			'	Case DataGridViewTriState.False
			'		.FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags.NoWrap
			'	Case DataGridViewTriState.NotSet
			'		.FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags.NoWrap
			'	Case DataGridViewTriState.True
			'		.FormatFlags = _
						StringFormatFlags.FitBlackBox
			'End Select
			.HotkeyPrefix = Drawing.Text.HotkeyPrefix.None
			.Trimming = StringTrimming.None
		End With
		With dgv.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle
			gr.DrawString(e.Value.ToString, .Font, _
			 New SolidBrush(.ForeColor), e.CellBounds, sf)
		End With
	End Using
	e.Handled = True
End Sub

So, what it does, basically is to:

Draw the background color, overlay an image over it, draw the text.

The way it aligns text is how you would draw the text on any other control: check how user wants the text to be aligned and operate accordingly with the StringFormat object you'll use in combination with the DrawString method. 

There's two properties to do this: Alignment (horizontally) and LineAlignment (vertically); and three values Near (Left or Up), Far (Right or Down), and Center (Middle).

The combination of these properties with their values gives the nine possible alignments for a text.

The way it draws the image can be tricky, so...

... you'll notice a section, in the above code, delimited by two "all asterisks" comment lines.  

That's room for improvements (surely due to my misinterpretation of the DrawImage method). 

I hope that other programmers will find this code useful as per their needs.  

Let me know how you make this code better.

History

  • 9th March, 2009: Initial post

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Luca Crisi, MCP
Software Developer (Senior)
Italy Italy
No Biography provided

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GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberMember 806746710-Dec-11 6:35 

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