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UHF RFID Reader Program

, 15 Apr 2009 CPOL
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900 MHz RFID Reader Tag identification using an RFID Reader.

Introduction

This is a program for a 900 MHz UHF (Ultra High Frequency) RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). This program must have a Samsung Techwin UHF Handheld RFID Reader (VLAC-G1) or a UHF Fixed RFIDReader (VLAC-Alpha) based InpinJ R1000 chipset.

Background

Many people listen to RFID. This technology has numerous possibilities for the distribution industry, food hygiene, air cargo, public library, etc......

This technology is constructed using an RFID Tag, an RFID Reader, and a Service. The RFID Tag is a very low cost product. Several months ago, Hynix Semiconductors said, "We will make 1 cent RFID tag chips." The RFID Reader is more expensive than RFID tags.

However, this might be perfect for any distribution vendor considering applications for low cost of transport and reliability of transport. And, many food companies might consider its application for food safety. For example, an industry vendor might consider changing from 2D barcode technology to RFID technology.

This program will be very useful for RF tag identification.

RFID Tags Structure

The 900MHz RFID Tags is composed of a tag chip and an antenna. The tag chip is based on the ISO 18000-4 spec for automatic data identification specification and ISO-18000-6C specialization for item level management tags. The latest trend is 18000-6C. We call these Gen2 tags.

The detail structure searches the EPC Global standard. These tags are composed of BANK 00 (Reserved Memory), BANK 01 (EPC Memory), BANK 10 (TID), and BANK 11 (User Memory).

  • The BANK 00 (Reserved memory) is composed of a kill password area and an access password area for secure functions.
  • The BANK 01 (EPC memory) is composed of CRC-16 (tag used when protecting certain R=> T, T => R), PC (Protocol control for EPC memory area), and EPC (Electronic Product Code).
  • The BANK 10 (TID memory) is the 8 bit ISO/IEC 15963 allocation class identifier; 11100010 for EPC Global.
  • The BANK 11 (User memory) is the user specification data storage.

How to Read RFID Tags in this Program

This program is composed of RFID Radio (CRFIDRadio) and RFID Radio Management (CRFIDRadioManager) objects.

The CRFIDRadio object is a real command operator. This object has some functions for the Inventory command, Tag Access (Read/BlockRead/Write/BlockWrite/Lock/Kill) commands, and the RFID setting function. And, this object calls the Samsung Techwin RFID Reader API.

The CRFIDRadioManager object is to manage each RFID Radio object. And, this object controls CRFIDRadio objects for command transport.

First, you must create a CRFIDRadioManager:

// Your application header file.
CRFIDRadioManager m_pRFIDRadioManager;
// Your application source file.
m_pRFIDRadioManager = new CRFIDRadioManager();

and connect to RFID Reader device like this:

m_pRFIDRadioManager->SetParnet(CWnd* Object);
if(m_pRFIDRadioManager->Connect() != RFID_STATUS_OK)
{
    // Connection fail process
}
else
{
    // Connection success process
}

This function makes a connection to a CRFIDRadio object. In this state, the CRFIDRadioManager object searches and attaches an RFID Reader device on your accessible RFID Reader using USB, Serial, and TCP/IP interfaces. And, the SetParent function sets the CWnd window for Win32 message returning. This state is a complete reader connection.

Next, you will want identify the RFID tag. Look at the RunInventory function in the CRFIDRadioManager. This function sends tags for the read command to the RFID reader. It creates a thread for the read command.

// Your application
void CMainFrame::OnRfidRunInventory()
{
    pRFIDRadioManager->RunInventory(0, -1);
}
// CRFIDRadioManager
RFID_STATUS CRFIDRadioManager::RunInventory(int nModule, INT32 nCount)
{
    RFID_STATUS status = RFID_STATUS_OK;
    if(m_listRadio.GetCount() > 0)
    {
        POSITION pos = m_listRadio.FindIndex(nModule); // find the radio ojbect
        CRFIDRadio* pRadio = (CRFIDRadio*)m_listRadio.GetAt(pos);
        pRadio->m_nStopCountDown = nCount; // set inventory stop count
        pRadio->m_runStatus = RFID_INVENTORY;
        _oleStartDateTime = COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime();
        Radio->Create(); // create inventory thread
    }
    return status;
}

The packet parameter is the result information from the reader. The base structure is RFID_PACKET_COMMON. For detailed structure information, see the Interface Specification white paper in the Samsung Techwin homepage.

The CRFIDRadioManager returns the parent CTagInfo object using the SetParent function.

case RFID_PACKET_TYPE_18K6C_INVENTORY:
{
    RFID_PACKET_18K6C_INVENTORY *inv = 
    (RFID_PACKET_18K6C_INVENTORY *)packet;
    /* Calculate the length of the data portion of the packet */
    int length =
    /* The length of the packet beyond the common header */
    (MacToHost16(common->pkt_len)-1) * BYTES_PER_LEN_UNIT -
    /* Add back in the size of the common header */
    (common->flags >> 6);
    if(common->flags & 0x01)
        break;
    int padding_byte = (int)(common->flags & 0xC0);
    POSITION pos = m_listRadio.FindIndex(0);
    CRFIDRadio* pRadio = (CRFIDRadio*)m_listRadio.GetAt(pos);
    if(pRadio->m_runStatus != RFID_INVENTORY)
    {
        CString strTemp = TEXT("Tag ID : ");
        CTagInfo lpTagInfo;// = new CTagInfo();
        lpTagInfo.SetTagMemory(inv->inv_data);
        strTemp += lpTagInfo.GetTagString();
        theApp.m_pMainWnd->SendMessage(WM_TAG_ACCESS, (WPARAM)(LPCTSTR)strTemp, 0);
#ifdef _WIN32_WCE
        if(m_radioBeepMode == RFID_RADIO_BEEP_MODE_ENABLE)
        m_waveBox->Play(0);
#endif
        break;
    }
    // Tag Data Process
    CTagInfo* lpTagInfo = new CTagInfo();
    lpTagInfo->SetTagMemory(inv->inv_data);
    lpTagInfo->SetTagReadCount(inv->count);
    lpTagInfo->SetTagTrialCount(inv->trial_count);
    lpTagInfo->SetTagAntenna(m_nAntenna);
    lpTagInfo->SetTagChannel(m_nChannel);
    lpTagInfo->SetTagRSSI(MacToHost16(inv->rssi));
    lpTagInfo->SetTagLNAGain(MacToHost16(inv->ana_ctrl1));
    lpTagInfo->SetTagReveiveTime(COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime());
ifdef _WIN32_WCE
    if(m_radioBeepMode == RFID_RADIO_BEEP_MODE_ENABLE)
    _waveBox->Play(0);
#endif
    m_pParent->SendMessage(WM_PROCESS_TAG, (WPARAM)lpTagInfo);
    break;
}

The CTagInfo object copies tag information from the RFID Reader. And, the CTagInfo object reconstructs PC, EPC, and other information using the ISO 18000-6C tag type.

I do type cast from the packet parameter to the RFID_PACKET_18K6C_INVENTORY struct. And, I define the inv variance. I check the packet length and the flag for the right packet type. If the packet is right, I make a CTagInfo object for tag information. Finally, I return a CTagInfo object to the parent object using the SendMessage function. The complete source code is available from the download link above.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Youngho Kim
Software Developer
Korea (Republic Of) Korea (Republic Of)
I hope to help your coding processing.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionNeed Executable file Pinmemberjigish shah27-Feb-14 3:44 
QuestionRFID READERnesslab PinmemberMember 1056352213-Feb-14 4:52 
AnswerRe: RFID READERnesslab PinmemberYoungho Kim13-Feb-14 13:48 
Questioncode confusion Pinmemberbhaskar_ams16-Jan-13 18:55 
AnswerRe: code confusion PinmemberYoungho Kim14-Feb-13 14:30 
QuestionGood job PinmemberPeymanFx15-Jan-13 21:03 
QuestionI need IU9060 SDK PinmemberAfshin Hosseini20-Aug-11 22:11 
QuestionPlease Help Me Mr Kim Pinmemberjalalsavber19-Aug-11 6:41 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberSikindar11-Apr-11 16:16 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberfitr14n18-Oct-10 8:55 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberYoungho Kim3-Jan-11 5:23 
GeneralRFID C# Library Pinmemberochaves5-Jan-10 12:23 
GeneralRe: RFID C# Library PinmemberYoungho Kim5-Jan-10 13:17 
GeneralRe: RFID C# Library Pinmemberochaves6-Jan-10 5:18 
GeneralRe: RFID C# Library PinmemberYoungho Kim6-Jan-10 14:31 
GeneralRe: RFID C# Library PinmemberYoungho Kim28-Apr-11 19:20 
GeneralRFID Pinmemberabhishek amar22-Nov-09 4:13 
GeneralRe: RFID PinmemberYoungho Kim27-Nov-09 20:49 
Questionrfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 Pinmemberjflee15-Oct-09 6:44 
AnswerRe: rfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 PinmemberYoungho Kim15-Oct-09 14:33 
GeneralRe: rfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 Pinmemberjflee16-Oct-09 7:45 
GeneralRe: rfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 PinmemberYoungho Kim18-Oct-09 15:11 
GeneralRe: rfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 Pinmemberjflee18-Oct-09 17:04 
GeneralRe: rfid UHF Fixed Reader SRU-FK0100 Pinmemberjflee4-Feb-10 17:36 
Questionrfid Pinmemberabhishek4128198819-Aug-09 7:01 

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