SAP is an inalienable system for large enterprise firms. We have to connect to this system if we need some data that belongs to SAP. The platforms can be Visual Studio 2008, Visual Studio 2005, Eclipse, or any other development tool.
But, there is a problem when connecting to SAP with Visual Studio 2008. The problem is SAP does not have a connector for Visual Studio 2005 and Visual Studio 2008. Up to Visual Studio .NET 2003 platform, there were no problems about connections to SAP.
As I mentioned in my other articles, the reason there is no connector for Visual Studio 2005 and Visual Studio 2008 is primarily marketing strategies. Let's not think why SAP did not make available an add-on for Visual Studio 2008, but think how can we solve this problem with available technologies.
- Visual Studio .NET 2003
- Visual Studio 2008
- SAP.NET Connector 2.0
- Any SAP Application Server
Before reading this article, I suggest reading this article.
Using the Code
As I mentioned above, we will first use Visual Studio .NET 2003. Our purpose is to connect to SAP with Visual Studio 2003. While operating, we will create a class library project. Then, we will give a reference to this application to Visual Studio 2008. Thus, the problem about connection to SAP with Visual Studio 2008 will be solved. Meanwhile, this solution is recommended by SAP.
Let's start creating a class library project first.
After creating the class library project, we will need to create a SAP Connector Proxy item as shown below.
Because we will make a connection to SAP, we have to look at the SAP Servers under the Server Explorer section. We will use one of the BAPIs of SAP’s user information. This is the general view of the BOR objects:.
We will use the ‘
GetDetail’ method of the
USER object. Drag and drop this method onto the SAPProxy1.sapwsdl file. Later on, there is no need for another class in our project. I am deleting the Class1.cs file.
We have now completed the operations in the Visual Studio .NET 2003 side. You should now build your project. The output ‘SAPUserDetailComponent.dll’ will be a required file while connecting to SAP in Visual Studio 2008.
Now, we will create a Windows project under Visual Studio 2008.
Before adding the DLL file of the previous project, we should add two more DLLs to our project. First, copy ‘SAPUserDetailComponent.dll’ to your project folder. Then, go to “..\Program Files\SAP\SAP .NET Connector 2.0″ and copy “SAP.Connector.dll” and “SAP.Connector.Rfc.dll” to your project folder.
We should pay attention to another point. The SAP Proxy is based on the SOAP protocol. So, we need to add the “System.Web.Services” DLL to our references.
I have only added simple controls into
Form1. The logic is simple, a SAP username will be taken, and the profiles authorization of this user will be printed into a table to show.
Form1 will look as shown below.
First, I inform the Visual Studio builder about the usage of the SAPUserDetailComponent assembly file:
Then, I write the code for the
SAPProxy1 proxy = new SAPProxy1();
SAPProxy1 class is referenced in our
SAPUserDetail component reference.
BAPIADDR3 address = new BAPIADDR3();
BAPIUSCOMP companyName = new BAPIUSCOMP();
BAPIDEFAUL defaults = new BAPIDEFAUL();
BAPILOGOND logonData = new BAPILOGOND();
BAPISNCU snc = new BAPISNCU();
BAPIAGRTable activeGroups = new BAPIAGRTable();
BAPICOMREMTable addcomrem = new BAPICOMREMTable();
BAPIADFAXTable addfax = new BAPIADFAXTable();
BAPIADPAGTable addpag = new BAPIADPAGTable();
BAPIADPRTTable addprt = new BAPIADPRTTable();
BAPIADRFCTable addrfc = new BAPIADRFCTable();
BAPIADRMLTable addrml = new BAPIADRMLTable();
BAPIADSMTPTable addsmtp = new BAPIADSMTPTable();
BAPIADSSFTable addssf = new BAPIADSSFTable();
BAPIADTELTable addtel = new BAPIADTELTable();
BAPIADTLXTable addtlx = new BAPIADTLXTable();
BAPIADTTXTable addttx = new BAPIADTTXTable();
BAPIADURITable adduri = new BAPIADURITable();
BAPIADX400Table addx400 = new BAPIADX400Table();
BAPIPARAMTable parameter = new BAPIPARAMTable();
BAPIPROFTable profiles = new BAPIPROFTable();
BAPIRET2Table return0 = new BAPIRET2Table();
The above variables will be used while calling the SAP function.
SAP.Connector.Destination destination = new SAP.Connector.Destination();
We need to create a
destination object to connect SAP. Later on, we will set the properties of this
destination object as I have shown below.
destination.AppServerHost = YOUR HOST NAME OR IP
destination.Client = YOUR CLIENT NUMBER
destination.Password = USER'S PASSWORD
destination.SystemNumber = SYSTEM NUMBER
destination.Username = USER'S NAME
destination object will be a parameter for the
SAP.Connector.SAPConnection connection =
connection object will be assigned to the proxy object.
proxy.Connection = connection;
Now, we open the connection.
Call the SAP function:
proxy.Bapi_User_Get_Detail(tbUsername.Text.Trim(), out address, out companyName,
out defaults, out logonData, out snc, ref activeGroups,
ref addcomrem, ref addfax, ref addpag, ref addprt, ref addrfc,
ref addrml, ref addsmtp, ref addssf, ref addtel, ref addtlx,
ref addttx, ref adduri, ref addx400,
ref parameter, ref profiles, ref return0);
Then, close the connection.
And, I will convert the result table of this function to an ADO table as I have shown below:
DataTable dt = profiles.ToADODataTable();
The last operation is we give the data table as a source for the grid view.
dgProfiles.DataSource = dt;
The result screen will be:
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