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Retrieving Conversations from Yahoo Messenger

, 27 Feb 2003
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Describes how to retreive text from the Yahoo Messenger chat window using the MSHTML COM interfaces.

Sample Image - maximum width is 600 pixels

Introduction

In this second article I'm showing how to retrieve conversation text from Yahoo messenger. The first article talks about retrieving conversation text from MSN Messenger and it can be viewed here. In this second article, we will discuss how we can do the same with Yahoo messenger.

As described in first article, to get the contents from the Messenger window what we are doing is we are iterating through all the top level windows in Windows OS and checking if its desired Messenger window, if its the desired window then we are iterating through its child windows to get the HWND of the window that contains chat text. Once we get the handle to the window, we can use our code to retrieve the conversation text. Except the last step of getting text from conversation window handle, all the steps remain same for both MSN and Yahoo messengers. In MSN messenger we used the Windows clipboard to copy text from the MSN window and pasting this on our application. This works fine for some windows but not all windows support it; the Yahoo conversation window is one of them.

If you open up spy++ and check the window class of Yahoo messenger's conversation text, you'll find that the window class of this window is 'Internet Explorer_Server'. This windows is installed by Internet Explorer and is responsible for rendering and displaying HTML pages. To give developers flexibility, Microsoft has exposed mechanisms that allows us to manipulate the contents of this window from our own processes. To accomplish our goal we will be using a pointer to the document that contains HTML text being displayed in the conversation window. IHTMLDocument2 interface represents the information contained in the conversation window. MSDN describes the IHTMLDocument2 interface as This interface retrieves information about the document, and examines and modifies the HTML elements and text within the document.. So to get the pointer to IHTMLDocument2 interface, we will send WM_HTML_GETOBJECT window message to 'Internet Explorer_Server' window and pass the result to the ObjectFromLresult() method. A successful call to ObjectFromLresult() method gives us a pointer to IHTMLDocument2 interface. Finally, to get the entire text in our application we get the body property of IHTMLDocument2 which returns us a pointer to the IHTMLElement interface and getting the <code lang="c++">innerText property of IHTMLElement interface returns us the entire text contained in the conversation text. If you want to get this in original HTML form then you can call innerHTML property of IHTMLElement.

This should be clear from the following code snippet:

//Code snippet
char wndowclass[CLASS_SIZE];

if (GetClassName(hwnd,wndowclass,CLASS_SIZE)==0)
    return TRUE;

string strTemp(wndowclass);
if (strTemp==string("Internet Explorer_Server"))
{
    CoInitialize(NULL);
    HINSTANCE hInst = ::LoadLibrary( _T("OLEACC.DLL") );
    string strTemp;
    CComPtr<IHTMLDocument2> spDoc;
    LRESULT lRes;

    strTemp="";
    UINT nMsg = ::RegisterWindowMessage( 
                        _T("WM_HTML_GETOBJECT") );
    ::SendMessageTimeout( hwnd,
        nMsg,
        0L, 
        0L,
        SMTO_ABORTIFHUNG,
        1000,
        (DWORD*)&lRes );

    LPFNOBJECTFROMLRESULT pfObjectFromLresult =
        (LPFNOBJECTFROMLRESULT)::GetProcAddress( hInst,
        _T("ObjectFromLresult") );
    if ( pfObjectFromLresult != NULL )
    {
        HRESULT hr;
        hr = (*pfObjectFromLresult)( lRes,
            IID_IHTMLDocument2, 
            0, 
            (void**)&spDoc );
        if ( SUCCEEDED(hr) )
        {
            CComPtr pHTMLElement; 
            hr=spDoc->get_body(&pHTMLElement);
            BSTR bstrText;
            pHTMLElement->get_innerText(&bstrText);
            strTemp=(char *)_bstr_t(bstrText);

            pChatText->SetWindowText(strTemp.c_str());
        }
    }
    ::FreeLibrary( hInst );
}

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Deepesh Dhapola
Web Developer
India India
www.d2labs.com
blogs.d2labs.com

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalym 11 compatibility Pinmemberfls_tr28-Apr-11 15:59 
Generalfor yahoo 10 Pinmemberdangngocbinh_11-May-10 3:48 
QuestionHow can we send a message to friend? Pinmembercrystvn21-Nov-06 17:59 
Generalon MAC OS X Pinmemberram_kri_kri16-Jan-06 7:18 
Hi,
This is a nice article. I have successfully run this on Windows and it works great.
But I have MAC laptop as well..
So, do we have code anywhere to do the same on MAC OS X also ?
I am sure the windows code doesnt work there. What is the suggested way to do it on MAC OS X (Tiger).
 
Any help on this would be of great help to me.
Thanks in advance.
 
Regards,
Kris
GeneralRe: on MAC OS X Pinmembermacuser55511-Nov-07 6:00 
Questiondoes not work Pinsussrajan singh11-Oct-05 23:13 
Questiondoes not work Pinsussrajan singh11-Oct-05 23:11 
QuestionCan not get any text! ? Pinmembernhoangf22-Sep-05 17:27 
Generalcapture friend list Pinmembermunyuk18-May-05 17:47 
GeneralA question PinmemberThatsAlok17-Mar-05 20:09 
QuestionHow do we change the status text? PinmemberpHroZeN GeeK3-Feb-04 6:18 
AnswerRe: How do we change the status text? Pinmemberasa si ?18-Jun-04 8:52 
GeneralRe: How do we change the status text? PinmemberDuna Marius Viorel25-Jan-05 12:06 
GeneralRe: How do we change the status text? Pinmemberhaha62417-Feb-05 22:34 
GeneralBUG - Memory lick Pinmembercrowe3-Nov-03 1:46 
GeneralMSN 6 Pinmembermyself150627-Jul-03 1:58 
GeneralGet chat text from AOL PinmemberSaquib Razak12-Jun-03 5:14 
GeneralNot just a 'mechanism'... PineditorHeath Stewart27-Feb-03 19:11 

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