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Viewport2DVisual3D

, 17 Jun 2009 CPOL
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A little while ago I wrote an article for www.codeproject.com about using 3D meshes in WPF that were hosting 2d controls, such as Grids, Lists, and User controls. The article which can be found right here if you are interested.The problem with the way that I did things in that article was that I us

A little while ago I wrote an article for www.codeproject.com about using 3D meshes in WPF that were hosting 2d controls, such as Grids, Lists, and User controls. The article which can be found right here if you are interested.

The problem with the way that I did things in that article was that I used some fairly complicated DataTemplates within the actual 3d model XAML. These DataTemplates also had to include ContentControls that would also look at resources for their own content.

It did work, but now that .NET 3.5 has been released, there is a much better way. This better way comes in the form of a new class, called Viewport2DVisual3D. What this new class allows you to do is to create a 3d model, but it also allows you to host a 2d UIElement on a 3d Material, and the 2d UIElement is fully interactive. Its probably best if I show you and example so, ill do that now.

<Window x:Class=”Viewport2DVisual3D.Window1″
xmlns=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation”
xmlns:x=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml”
Title=”Viewport2DVisual3D” Height=”300″ Width=”300″>
<DockPanel Background=”White”>
<DockPanel.Resources>
<!– UI Mesh –>
<MeshGeometry3D x:Key=”uiMesh” TriangleIndices=”0,1,2 3,4,5″ 
    Positions=”-1,-1,2 1,-1,2 1,1,2 1,1,2 -1,1,2 -1,-1,2 “
TextureCoordinates=”0,1 1,1 1,0 1,0, 0,0 0,1″/>
<!– UI Mesh Rotation –>
<Storyboard x:Key=”uiSpin” RepeatBehavior=”Forever”>
<DoubleAnimation BeginTime=”00:00:00″ Duration=”00:00:15″ 
    Storyboard.TargetName=”uiRotate”Storyboard.TargetProperty=”Angle” From=”0″ To=”360″/>
</Storyboard>
</DockPanel.Resources>
<DockPanel.Triggers>
<EventTrigger RoutedEvent=”FrameworkElement.Loaded”>
<BeginStoryboard Storyboard=”{StaticResource uiSpin}”/>
</EventTrigger>
</DockPanel.Triggers>
<Viewport3D>
<!– Camera –>
<Viewport3D.Camera>
<PerspectiveCamera Position=”0, 0, 4″/>
</Viewport3D.Camera>
<!– Button on 3D –>
<Viewport2DVisual3D >
<!– Give the plane a slight rotation –>
<Viewport2DVisual3D.Transform>
<RotateTransform3D>
<RotateTransform3D.Rotation>
<AxisAngleRotation3D x:Name=”uiRotate” Angle=”40″ Axis=”0, 1, 0″ />
</RotateTransform3D.Rotation>
</RotateTransform3D>
</Viewport2DVisual3D.Transform>
<!– The Geometry, Material, and Visual for the Viewport2DVisual3D –>
<Viewport2DVisual3D.Geometry>
<MeshGeometry3D Positions=”-1,1,0 -1,-1,0 1,-1,0 1,1,0″
TextureCoordinates=”0,0 0,1 1,1 1,0″ TriangleIndices=”0 1 2 0 2 3″/>
</Viewport2DVisual3D.Geometry>
<!– Setup the Material”You can use any material you want. For the material
that you want to have the Visual be placed on, you simply
need to set the Viewport2DVisual3D.IsVisualHostMaterial
attached property to true.
–>
<Viewport2DVisual3D.Material>
<DiffuseMaterial Viewport2DVisual3D.IsVisualHostMaterial=”True” Brush=”White”/>
</Viewport2DVisual3D.Material>
<Viewport2DVisual3D.Visual>
<!– The 2D UI–>
<StackPanel Orientation=”Vertical”>
<Button Background=”Yellow” Click=”Button_Click”>Button1</Button>
<Button Background=”Aqua” Click=”Button_Click”>Button2</Button>
<Button Background=”Beige” Click=”Button_Click”>Button3</Button>
<Button Background=”Coral” Click=”Button_Click”>Button4</Button>
</StackPanel>
</Viewport2DVisual3D.Visual>
</Viewport2DVisual3D>
<!– Lights –>
<ModelVisual3D>
<ModelVisual3D.Content>
<DirectionalLight Color=”#FFFFFFFF” Direction=”0,0,-1″/>
</ModelVisual3D.Content>
</ModelVisual3D>
</Viewport3D>
</DockPanel></Window>

This small example is a simple 3d mesh, with a StackPanel  filled with 4 * Button. When one of the buttons is clicked a MessageBox is shown with the content of the clickedButon as the Message.

viewport2dvisual3d.png

Here is a small demo project if you would like to try this out for yourself viewport2dvisual3d.zip

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Sacha Barber
Software Developer (Senior)
United Kingdom United Kingdom
I currently hold the following qualifications (amongst others, I also studied Music Technology and Electronics, for my sins)
 
- MSc (Passed with distinctions), in Information Technology for E-Commerce
- BSc Hons (1st class) in Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence
 
Both of these at Sussex University UK.
 
Award(s)

I am lucky enough to have won a few awards for Zany Crazy code articles over the years

  • Microsoft C# MVP 2014
  • Codeproject MVP 2014
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2013
  • Codeproject MVP 2013
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2012
  • Codeproject MVP 2012
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2011
  • Codeproject MVP 2011
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2010
  • Codeproject MVP 2010
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2009
  • Codeproject MVP 2009
  • Microsoft C# MVP 2008
  • Codeproject MVP 2008
  • And numerous codeproject awards which you can see over at my blog

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 [modified] PinmemberPanic2k317-Jun-09 18:28 

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