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Fullname Tutorial Part 1

, 14 Jul 2009
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How to extract the full name from an assembly including the public key token

Introduction

This two part tutorial will cover various ways to programmatically extract the assembly full name signature that is used in configuration files etc. in .NET. I have written all examples in C#, but they can easily be converted to VB. I am using standard C# and therefore it should work in .NET Framework v2.0 and above.

What does a full name mean? It means the fully qualified name for the assembly. This name will include the assembly name, version, culture, and if signed the public key token. The full name is used to identify the correct assembly to be loaded when required.

The full name validates that the assembly found has the correct version or higher (depending on the configuration requirements), the correct culture (if specified) and if the public key token is correct.

The public key token is the last eight bytes of the SH1 hash of the public key.

Depending on your requirements, you may need all of these or only assembly name. Generally, you will need all four parts if used with external systems or if you wish to make it more secure.

I have developed all the examples in VS 2008 with .NET 2.0 framework selected. At the end of the tutorial, you should have a working utility that will extract the assembly full name string from any assembly.

As this article is going to retrieve the full name from the assembly, it would be advisable to make sure that the test assemblies are signed.

The signing file can be auto generated in Visual Studio in the project properties page.

Signing Page

As this tutorial is not required to be secure, I did not specify a password in the dialog.

Signing Dialog showing no passwords

When clicking on ok, the strong name key file will be created in the project. If you leave the extension off the Key file name, then it will automatically be created with the snk extension. This strong name key file will be used in all the projects.

Background

The basic methods used in this article are taken from the Reflection group of methods in .NET.

Other Tools that do the Same Thing

There are various tools and utilities which will allow you to extract this information for you. With a clean installation of .NET and Visual Studio, you will only have the first two. The downside is that you have to use both to get all the parts.

Ildasm.exe

This is a GUI utility that will load an assembly and show you all the information related to it.

ildasm screen shot

As you can see, it shows various bits of information from the assembly. If you double click on the Manifest node, you will see all the attributes at the assembly level and which assemblies it references. Also you can view the public key from here, but not the public key token! You will be able to see the public token key from the referenced assemblies though.

SN.exe

This is a command line utility primary used for signing assemblies with strong names and key management. If you used with the –T parameter, it will extract the public key token for you on the assembly specified.

SN screen shot

Red Gate’s .NET Reflector

This is a free tool provided by Red Gate. It is a very good tool for exploring assembly information. You have to register your name, but that is the only requirement that I can find. It was originally developed by Lutz Roeder.

Reflecter screen shot

As you can see, it does give you the full name with public key token as well.

Now why would you continue with the rest of the tutorial, well you don't really have to unless you want to be able to extract this information programmatically yourself.

Extracting Assembly Information

So how do you extract this information from an assembly? The answers is to use reflection coding techniques that are embedded in the .NET Framework.

Full Name Information

If you just want the full name of the assembly that a known class is in, then all you just need is your friendly typeof operator. One of the properties the typeof operator will return is the Assembly object that the class belongs to.

using System;

namespace Test1
{
    internal class Program
    {
        private static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Assembly Full Name : " 
                    + typeof (Program).Assembly.FullName);
        }
    }
}

The above code will return all of the following:

Assembly Full Name : Test1, Version=1.0.0.0, 
	Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=f74250691b571752 

Extracting Public Key Token

To extract the public key token as a string takes a bit of extra coding. The token is a byte array and will be returned from the method GetPublicKeyToken(), which is buried in the GetName() method of the Assembly class.

byte[] ivtemp = assembly.GetName().GetPublicKeyToken();

From the byte array, we can then construct a string.

StringBuilder comp = new StringBuilder();
foreach (byte ivt in ivtemp)
{
    if (ivt < 16)
    {
        comp.AppendFormat("0{0:x}", ivt);
    }
    else
    {
        comp.AppendFormat("{0:x}", ivt);
    }
}

Extracting Assembly Attributes

All the attributes in the AssemblyInfo.cs can be extracted from the assembly easily.

Using the Attribute.GetCustomAttribute static method, you can retrieve any custom attributes from an assembly and then cast them to the attribute you require.

The following will extract the company name from the assembly.

AssemblyCompanyAttribute compAttr = Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(
          typeof(Program).Assembly, 
          typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute)) as AssemblyCompanyAttribute;
if ( compAttr != null )
{
     Console.WriteLine("Company : " + compAttr.Company );
}

Version Information

There are various types of versions that can be added to an assembly. For a full description on each type, see MSDN.

  • Assembly Version (used by runtime to see if it meets the version requirements of the system)
  • File Version (used primary by MSI installer to check to see if upgrade is required, it will set the Win32 file version information in the assembly)
  • Information Version (Additional version information if required, only used really for documentation)

The assembly version and assembly file versions can be different, so if you don't want to break existing installations, but do wish to upgrade them, then just increment the AssemblyFileVersion attribute.

The Assembly Version is the only one that cannot be retrieved using the Attribute.GetCustomAttribute static method. You can use the following to extract the assembly version:

 Console.WriteLine("Assembly Version : " + typeof(Program).Assembly.GetName().Version);

Use the Attribute.GetCustomAttribute static method to extract out the other version information.

AssemblyFileVersionAttribute fileAttr = Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(
                     typeof(Program).Assembly,
                     typeof(AssemblyFileVersionAttribute)) 
                     as AssemblyFileVersionAttribute;

if (fileAttr != null)
{
     Console.WriteLine("Assembly File Version : " + fileAttr.Version);
}

AssemblyInformationalVersionAttribute infoAttr = Attribute.GetCustomAttribut(
           typeof(Program).Assembly,
           typeof(AssemblyInformationalVersionAttribute)) as 
           AssemblyInformationalVersionAttribute;
if (infoAttr != null)
{
     Console.WriteLine("Assembly Information Version : " 
                       + infoAttr.InformationalVersion);
}

Retrieve Information from Non-Loaded Assembly

Now the above code is all well and good, but what happens if you don't already have the assembly loaded in memory! This is handled by Assembly class’s LoadFrom method. This method will take in a string which will contain the path and filename of the assembly to load. It has an optional Evidence property that you can construct to validate that the assembly can be loaded in your current security context (I will not cover this here as it is outside the scope of this beginner guide, maybe I will cover it in a later guide).

This method will throw various exceptions depending on if it exists in security exceptions (see MSDN help for full details).

Assembly assembly = Assembly.LoadFrom(“Test2.exe”);

Now you can replace all the typeof(Program).Assembly commands in the above examples with the assembly variable.

What's Next?

In part 2, we will be putting together what we learnt into a utility that can be run from Visual Studio External Tools.

This utility will display the following:

  • Full Name
  • File Version
  • Information Version (if exists)
  • Culture
  • Public Key Token

By default, it will load the Full Name into the clipboard as a handy feature.

I will also show you a way to handle the fact that once an assembly is loaded we have a lock on it, so it cannot be recompiled, etc.

History

  • 13th July, 2009 - Initial release

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

gbd77rc
Database Developer Workshare
United States United States
I have been in computer industry since 1984 and have seen a lot changes during this time. I have a very board experience of client and server technologies, so basically a 'jack of all trades, master of none' Smile | :)

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralAssembly Loading PinmemberGLLNS21-Jul-09 0:36 
Calling Assembly.LoadFrom would load the while assembly into the current AppDomain. You won't be able to unload the assembly. You would have to load it into another AppDomain, extract the assembly version and then unload the AppDomain.
 
I think the best way to do this would be to use third party libraries like Mono.Cecil or Microsoft's CCI instead of using Reflection.
GeneralRe: Assembly Loading Pinmembergbd77rc21-Jul-09 7:36 
GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberJoe Sonderegger20-Jul-09 18:57 

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