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Disable an ASP.NET Button Control During Postback with an AJAX Loading Background Image

, 15 Nov 2009 CPOL
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An article on how to disable a button control during postback.

Introduction

There are times when our applications might take an extra few seconds to respond to a click event. Some users might get impatient and click on the button more than once. We can easily avoid this type of situation by disabling the submit button during postback on the page by using a client-side script. In this article, I will share with everyone how to:

  1. Disable a button during postback with or without a validation control.
  2. Change button text value during postback.
  3. Include an AJAX loading background image during postback.
  4. How to avoid the 'Page_IsValid is undefined' JavaScript error.

Using the Code

Before we begin, allow me to show you the structure of my project. You are welcome to download this demo.

Project Structure

Demo 1 – Without Validation Control

Here is the content of Jscript.js:

function disableBtn(btnID, newText) {

    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
        setTimeout("setImage('"+btnID+"')", 10);
        btn.disabled = true;
        btn.value = newText;
}

function setImage(btnID) {
    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
    btn.style.background = 'url(12501270608.gif)';
}

Here is part of the Default.aspx page content:

<table>        
         <tr>
            <td>
            <td>
                 <asp:button id="btnOne" tabIndex="0" 
                    Runat="server" Text="Submit"
                    onclick="btnOne_Click" 
                    OnClientClick="disableBtn(this.id, 'Submitting...')" 
                    UseSubmitBehavior="false" />               
            </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td colspan="2">
                <asp:Label ID="Label3" 
                  runat="server" Text=""></td>
        </tr>
   </table>

<script type="text/javascript" src="JScript.js"></script>

In the Default.aspx page, I have a Button and a Label control. Let's take a closer look at the button attributes.

  • OnClientClick="disableBtn(this.id, 'Submitting...')" - Calls the JavaScript function by passing in the button ID and the new text value that I want it to display on click.
  • UseSubmitBehavior="false" - Indicates that the button control should use the ASP.NET postback mechanism instead of the client browser's submit mechanism (UseSubmitBehavior property).

For testing, I included these lines in default.aspx.cs:

protected void btnOne_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Thread.Sleep(2000);
    Label3.Text = DateTime.Now.ToLongTimeString();
}

Here is how the button will look like when someone clicks on it:

Demo 1 click

Demo 1 Output

Demo 2 – With Validation Control

Here is the output from Default2.aspx:

Demo 2 aspx Page

Oops... The button is still disabled after it failed the validation process. Let's modify the JavaScript to fix this problem.

Demo 2 aspx Page Onclick

Here is the content of the new JavaScript file with comments – Jscript2.js:

function ResetToDefault(btn, oldValue) {
    btn.disabled = false;
    btn.value = oldValue;
}
//browser properties
var Browser = {
    Version: function() {
        var version = 999;
        if (navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE") != -1) {
            version = parseFloat(navigator.appVersion.split("MSIE")[1]);
            return version;
        }
    },
    Name: navigator.appName,
    isIE: function() {
        if (navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE") != -1) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
};

//Handle Page_Validators is not defined error
//http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/t88987-pagevalidators-error.html
function HasPageValidators() {
    var hasValidators = false;
    try {
        if (Page_Validators.length > 0) {
            hasValidators = true;
        }
    }
    catch (error) { }

    return hasValidators;
}

function SetImage(btn) {

    if (btn.type == "image") {
        btn.src = null;
        btn.style.width = '100px';
        btn.style.height = '20px';
        btn.style.backgroundImage = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
    }
    else {
        //somehow backgroundImage not working with IE 7
        if (Browser.isIE() && Browser.Version() === 7) {
            btn.style.background = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
        }
        else {
            btn.style.backgroundImage = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
        }
    }
}

//enable the button and restore the original text value for browsers other than IE
function EnableOnUnload(btn, btnText) {
    if (!Browser.isIE()) {
        window.onunload = function() {
            ResetToDefault(btn, btnText);
        };
    }
}

//check if the validator have any control to validate
function EnableValidator(validator) {
    var controlToValidate = document.getElementById(validator.controltovalidate);

    if (controlToValidate !== null) {
        // alert(controlToValidate.id);
        ValidatorEnable(validator);
        return true;
    }
    ValidatorEnable(validator, false);

    return false;
}

function disableBtn(btnID, newText) {
    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
    var oldValue = btn.value;
    btn.disabled = true;
    btn.value = newText;
    
    //if validator control present
    if (HasPageValidators()) {

        Page_IsValid = null;

        //http://sandblogaspnet.blogspot.com/2009/04/calling-validator-controls-from.html
        //double check, if validator not null
        if (Page_Validators !== 'undefined' && Page_Validators !== null) {
            //Looping through the whole validation collection.
            for (var i = 0; i < Page_Validators.length; i++) {

                var validator = Page_Validators[i];

                //check if control to validate is enable 
                if (EnableValidator(validator)) {

                    if (!Page_Validators[i].isvalid) { //if not valid
                        ResetToDefault(btn, oldValue); //break;
                    }
                }
            }

            //   else { //if valid
            var isValidationOk = Page_IsValid;

            alert('isValidationOk ' + isValidationOk);

            EnableOnUnload(btn, btn.value);
            if (isValidationOk !== null) {
                if (isValidationOk) {
                    SetImage(btn);
                    __doPostBack(btnID, '');
                    // break;
                }
                else { //page not valid
                    btn.disabled = false;
                }
            }
            //  }
            
        }
    }
    else { //regular, no validation control present
        // setTimeout("SetImage('" + btn + "')", 5);
        SetImage(btn);
        btn.disabled = true; btn.value = newText;
        EnableOnUnload(btn, btn.value);
    }
}

//disable those validators where controltovalidate = null
function DisableValidators() {
    //this will get rid of the Page_Validators is undefined error
    if (typeof (Page_Validators) === 'undefined')
        return;
        
    if (Page_Validators !== 'undefined' && Page_Validators !== null) {
        for (var i = 0; i < Page_Validators.length; i++) {
            var validator2 = Page_Validators[i];
            var controlToValidate2 = document.getElementById(validator2.controltovalidate);
            if (controlToValidate2 === null) {
                ValidatorEnable(validator2, false);
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

window.onload = DisableValidators;

Output from using the new JavaScript (JScript2.js):

Demo 2 OnClick fail Validation

Demo 2 OnClick Pass Validation

Demo 2 After PostBack

Conclusion

The main items in this project were the JavaScript (Jscript2) and the button attributes (OnClientClick, UseSubmitBehavior). I hope someone will find this tutorial useful. If you think I can improve this code, please leave me a feedback and share your thoughts.

Tested on IE 6.0/7.0 and Firefox 3.0.13.

History

  • 08/14/2009 - I found out that, in Firefox, if we hit the button and continue to the next page, and then hit the Back button (or javascript:history(-1);)... the button control is still disabled. I have updated the JavaScript (JScript2). I have not fully tested the new implementation. Please leave me a feedback and share your thoughts.
  • 10/19/2009 - Modified the JavaScript (JScript2) to fix the double validation problem.
  • 11/14/2009 - Fixed the bug mentioned by CodeProject user, prodriguez13. The JavaScript will throw an error when the control to validate is not visible. To remedy this, in the onload event, I have added the DisableValidators function. This function is responsible to disable all the validators with controltovalidate === null.
  • I have received a few requests on getting this script to work with the Image button. I managed to put together a solution for it. Let me know if you find any bugs. Tested on IE 7.0/8.0, FireFox, image would not show on Google Chrome, maybe someone can shed some light on this.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Bryian Tan
Software Developer
United States United States
I have over three years of experience working with Microsoft technologies. I have earned my Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certification. I'm a highly motivated self-starter with an aptitude for learning new skills quickly.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionAnother Solution PinmemberJayant Sharma12-Jun-12 2:19 
QuestionGood Pinmemberdeepthimadhu8-Feb-12 4:22 
QuestionLink Button Pinmemberxfair developer28-Jan-12 10:36 
GeneralRe: Link Button [modified] PinmemberBryian Tan29-Jan-12 16:09 
GeneralMy vote 5 Pinmembershaheen_mix16-Dec-11 23:59 
GeneralRe: My vote 5 PinmemberBryian Tan29-Jan-12 16:09 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberHua Trung12-Dec-11 15:11 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberBryian Tan29-Jan-12 16:09 
GeneralServer-side code called multiple times when page valid PinmemberAlec MacLean22-Jun-10 5:10 
GeneralRe: Server-side code called multiple times when page valid PinmemberBryian Tan22-Jun-10 18:29 
GeneralA couple of fixes Pinmemberprodriguez132-Nov-09 3:16 
GeneralRe: A couple of fixes PinmemberBryian Tan3-Nov-09 5:34 
QuestionHow to do the same for Image Button! PinmemberMember 245269829-Oct-09 23:04 
AnswerRe: How to do the same for Image Button! PinmemberBryian Tan30-Oct-09 8:29 
GeneralDouble Validation with Validation Summry Control PinmemberAdeel Alvi8-Oct-09 1:01 
GeneralRe: Double Validation with Validation Summry Control PinmemberBryian Tan9-Oct-09 18:26 
GeneralRe: Double Validation with Validation Summry Control PinmemberAdeel Alvi9-Oct-09 22:09 
GeneralRe: Double Validation with Validation Summry Control PinmemberBryian Tan12-Oct-09 9:42 
GeneralI have ImageButton with validation group Pinmemberdilipsss1-Oct-09 3:00 
GeneralRe: I have ImageButton with validation group PinmemberBryian Tan4-Oct-09 19:57 
QuestionDouble Validation Pinmembertomsmbox-codeproject24-Aug-09 15:15 
AnswerRe: Double Validation PinmemberBryian Tan27-Aug-09 8:01 
GeneralExcellent in its simplicity PinmemberRory van der Berg14-Aug-09 10:31 

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