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Secure Edit Control

, 28 May 2003
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Secure Edit controls are resistant to password revealers.

Sample Image - secureedit.jpg

Introduction

Today, security becomes more and more important. Very secure encryption and authentication algorithms are designed (e.g. AES, SHA). But the best algorithms are useless, if crackers bypass these systems by simply exploiting simple security bugs of operating systems...

As you probably are thinking already, I am talking about the Windows Edit controls. Most "normal" Windows programs use Edit controls, to get passwords from the user. Normally you see stars (*) when you type something into an edit box, that has the password flag. Unfortunately, these edit controls are not secure. There are various methods for malicious programs and crackers to get the password.

The first method is to simply remove the password flag. Windows doesn't do anything against programs manipulating the window styles of other processes. Just remove the ES_PASSWORD flag of an Edit box and zosh! You see the entered text.

Another method is to read out the text of the Edit box. Use the Windows API function GetWindowText on the Edit control and you get the text, even if you are not the owner of the control (i.e. another process), and even stars are displayed.

Therefor I created and present you now a control, which is very user-friendly (Secure Edit controls look like normal Edit controls), and which is immune to these spy tools, i.e. the methods above don't work at Secure Edit controls.

Features of the Secure Edit control

These are the features of the CSecureEdit class:

  • Spies cannot read out the text of Secure Edit controls
  • Removing the ES_PASSWORD style doesn't affect Secure Edits
  • Secure Edits look like normal Windows Edits
  • User can insert a character anywhere (i.e. use cursor keys)
  • User can delete one or more characters
  • User can paste text into Secure Edit controls
  • User cannot copy text out of Secure Edits
  • Easy to implement for MFC developers

Technical background

So you want to know how Secure Edit controls work? Well, here we go.

Secure Edit controls have separate buffers for the real and the displayed text. The displayed text is just the password character multiplicated with the length of the real text.

Every time the user presses a key, the display buffer contains a non-password character. Now it's time to replace this character with a password character and update the internal real text buffer.

Secure Edit controls are derived from CEdits. They intercept the EN_UPDATE message sent to edit controls, every time the content of the control changes. The message is sent after Windows has updated its contents, but not displayed it already.

The CSecureEdit class now looks what has happened. Has the user inserted a character? Has he deleted one or more characters with Del or Bkspc? Has he pasted some text into the control? First the class computes the length difference of the old text and the new one. If this difference is lower than 0, the user has deleted something.

In this case, we have to look where the cursor is. Now we can cut out the deleted text from the internal buffer, based on the cursor position and difference information. Now it gets tricky. What if the user has selected some characters, lets say 4, and pressed a key? The difference is 3, 4 characters have been deleted and one entered. In this case we first delete the 4 old characters and let the character insertion routine run on the text.

In the other case (difference greater or equal zero), the user has inserted text or replaced a character (range?) with another character (multiple? clipboard?). Inserting is relatively easy. We just look at the display buffer and search for non-password characters. These characters are new. The only thing to do now is to compare the display buffer with the internal real text buffer and insert the new characters of the display buffer to the internal buffer. Finally we have to update the display buffer, i.e. replace all non-password characters with password-characters.

Using Secure Edit Control

Implementing CSecureEdit is as easy as implementing other customized controls, like "flat" controls or colorized controls.

Just follow these 4 steps to include Secure Edit Controls into your project:

  1. Add the files SecureEdit.cpp and SecureEdit.h to your project.
  2. In the Visual Resource Editor of Visual Studio, create a normal edit control.
  3. Right-click on the edit control and select Class Wizard.
  4. Create a new member variable for the control of type CSecureEdit

That's it! You don't have to call any initialization or configuration function.

To read the real text of the control, read out the public CString member variable m_strRealText of the CSecureEdit class. You don't have to call UpdateData before the read, the control updates its text every time the user changes something.

To set the text of a Secure Edit control, use its member function SetRealText.

Some notes on the control

In contrast to normal edit controls, you cannot copy the password entered to a secure edit control to the clipboard. But you can paste text into the control. In my opinion this is the most reasonable solution. Paste something in is allowed, copy something out is forbidden.

You can define the password character freely. But the character mustn't be entered by the user. Currently the password character is such a special X. This isn't the normal X, it's one of the higher ASCII characters which normally isn't entered by the user (he would have to use an ALT-XX key combination to insert it...). Therefor you shouldn't use the standard star (*) or other standard characters like ! ? - _ $ or such...

Now go, download one or more of these spies, and use them on Secure Edit controls. You'll see that the spies cannot reveal the passwords entered to a Secure Edit control.

PwdSpy: http://www.codeguru.com/samples/pwdspy.html

Super Password Spy++: http://www.codeguru.com/ieprogram/SPwdSpy.html

History

  • 29 May 2003 - v1.2 - The CSecureEdit class now supports Unicode, thanks to Steven Spencer for support

  • 18 May 2003 - v1.1 - Fixed a bug in the SetRealText function

  • 17 May 2003 - v1.0 - First official release

Well, thats it. Now go and be the first to release an application with password edits resistant to window spies Smile | :) .

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Dominik Reichl
Software Developer
Germany Germany
Dominik started programming in Omikron Basic, a programming language for the good old Atari ST. After this, there was some short period of QBasic programming on the PC, but soon he began learning C++, which is his favorite language up to now.
 
Today, his programming experience includes C / C++ / [Visual] C++ [MFC], C#/.NET, Java, JavaScript, PHP and HTML and the basics of pure assembler.
 
He is interested in almost everything that has to do with computing, his special interests are security and data compression.
 
You can find his latest freeware, open-source projects and all articles on his homepage: http://www.dominik-reichl.de/

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionWhy? PinmemberReinout Hillmann29-May-03 7:13 
AnswerRe: Why? Pinsusssteveb30-May-03 16:43 
AnswerRe: Why? Pinmemberpeterchen30-Apr-04 3:28 

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