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Date-Time Edit Control

, 25 Mar 2000
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A simple masked date-time editor.

Sample Image - datetimedit.jpg

Introduction

Many articles about the masked edit control could be discovered from MFC sites. Their Date Time Edit controls show some faults such as out-of-range values are not verified, slow processing, etc. Why? Maybe because they are too general and cover many things.

This VDateTimeEdit class based on MaskEdit's idea is very simple and understandable for any programmer. You can choose either numeric keys or up/down keys to change the date & time displayed. The Date-Time display is configurable by SetMask().

Mask convention:

DD Day hh Hour
MM Month mm minute
YYYY Year ss second

Enjoy yourself and please report me the bugs you have found.

Source Code

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// VDateTimeEdit window

const UINT WM_DATETIME_EDIT = ::RegisterWindowMessage("WM_DATETIME_EDIT");
#define DTE_DATETIMECHANGED 0x0001

class VDateTimeEdit : public CEdit
{
// Construction
public:
    VDateTimeEdit();

// Attributes
public:

// Operations
public:

// Overrides
    // ClassWizard generated virtual function overrides
    //{{AFX_VIRTUAL(VDateTimeEdit)
    protected:
    virtual void PreSubclassWindow();
    //}}AFX_VIRTUAL

// Implementation
public:
    CString GetMask() const {return m_strMask;}
    void SetMask(CString mask);
    COleDateTime GetDateTime();
    COleDateTime GetDateTime(CString str);
    void SetDateTime(COleDateTime dt);

    virtual ~VDateTimeEdit();

    // Generated message map functions
protected:
    afx_msg void OnContextMenu(CWnd*, CPoint point);

    CString m_strMask;
    //{{AFX_MSG(VDateTimeEdit)
    afx_msg void OnChar(UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags);
    afx_msg void OnKeyUp(UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags);
    afx_msg void OnKeyDown(UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags);
    afx_msg void OnMouseMove(UINT nFlags, CPoint point);
    //}}AFX_MSG

    DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP()
};


bool VAtoi(CString str, int &res)
{
    str.Remove(char(32));
    if (str.IsEmpty()) return false;
    bool error = false;
    for (int i = 0; i < str.GetLength() && !error; i++) {
        int c = ::tolower(str[i]);
        error = !(
            (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
            || ((c == '-' || c == '+') && i == 0)
            );
    }
    if (!error) res = atoi(LPCTSTR(str));
    return !error;
}

template<class TYPE>
void VSetInRange(TYPE &x, TYPE min, TYPE max) 
{
    ASSERT(min<=max);
    if (x < min) x = min; else if (x > max) x = max;
}

/************************** VDateTimeEdit **************************/

VDateTimeEdit::VDateTimeEdit()
{
    m_strMask = _T("DD/MM/YYYY hh:mm:ss");
}

VDateTimeEdit::~VDateTimeEdit()
{

}


BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(VDateTimeEdit, CEdit)
    ON_WM_CONTEXTMENU()
    //{{AFX_MSG_MAP(VDateTimeEdit)
    ON_WM_CHAR()
    ON_WM_KEYUP()
    ON_WM_KEYDOWN()
    ON_WM_MOUSEMOVE()
    //}}AFX_MSG_MAP
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// VDateTimeEdit message handlers

void VDateTimeEdit::OnChar(UINT nChar, UINT /*nRepCnt*/, UINT /*nFlags*/) 
{
    CString old;
    GetWindowText(old);
    int pos;
    TCHAR c;
    GetSel(pos, pos);
    switch (nChar) {
        case VK_BACK: pos--;
            break;
        case VK_UP: pos--;
            break;
        case '0':case '1':case '2':case '3':
        case '4':case '5':case '6':case '7':
        case '8':case '9':
            if (pos < old.GetLength()
                  && pos < m_strMask.GetLength()
                  && (UINT)old[pos] != nChar
                  && ((c = m_strMask[pos]) == 'D' || 
                  c == 'M' || c == 'Y' || c == 'h' 
                  || c == 'm' || c == 's')) {
                CString str = old;
                str.SetAt(pos, (TCHAR)nChar);
                COleDateTime dt = GetDateTime(str);
                if (dt.GetStatus() == COleDateTime::valid) SetDateTime(dt);
            }
            if (++pos < m_strMask.GetLength())
                for ( c = m_strMask[pos]; pos < m_strMask.GetLength() 
                    && c != 'D' && 
                    c != 'M' && c != 'Y' && 
                    c != 'h' && c != 'm' && c != 's';
                  c = m_strMask[pos]) pos++;
            break;
        default:
            if (++pos < m_strMask.GetLength())
                for ( c = m_strMask[pos]; pos < m_strMask.GetLength() 
                      && c != 'D' && c != 'M' 
                      && c != 'Y' && c != 'h' 
                      && c != 'm' && c != 's';
                    c = m_strMask[pos]) pos++;
            break;
    }
    SetSel(pos, pos);
}

void VDateTimeEdit::OnKeyUp(UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags) 
{
    CEdit::OnKeyUp(nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
}

void VDateTimeEdit::OnKeyDown(UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags) 
{
    switch (nChar) {
        case VK_DELETE:case VK_INSERT:
            break;
        case VK_UP: case VK_DOWN:
            {
                CString old;
                GetWindowText(old);
                int pos;
                GetSel(pos, pos);
                if (pos < m_strMask.GetLength()) {
                    TCHAR c = m_strMask[pos];
                    if (c != 'D' && c != 'M' && 
                      c != 'Y' && c != 'h' && 
                      c != 'm' && c != 's')
                        if (--pos >= 0) c = m_strMask[pos];
                    tm t;
                    COleDateTime dt = GetDateTime();
                    t.tm_mday = dt.GetDay();
                    t.tm_mon = dt.GetMonth();
                    t.tm_year = dt.GetYear();
                    t.tm_hour = dt.GetHour();
                    t.tm_min = dt.GetMinute();
                    t.tm_sec = dt.GetSecond();
                    switch (c) {
                        case 'D':
                            t.tm_mday += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        case 'M':
                            t.tm_mon += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        case 'Y':
                            t.tm_year += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        case 'h':
                            t.tm_hour += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        case 'm':
                            t.tm_min += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        case 's':
                            t.tm_sec += (nChar!=VK_UP) ? -1 : 1;
                            break;
                        default    :
                             CEdit::OnKeyDown(nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
                            break;
                    }
                    dt.SetDateTime(t.tm_year, t.tm_mon, t.tm_mday, 
                                      t.tm_hour, t.tm_min, t.tm_sec);
                    if (dt.GetStatus() == COleDateTime::valid) 
                        SetDateTime(dt);
                } else CEdit::OnKeyDown(nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
            }
            break;
        default:
            CEdit::OnKeyDown(nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
            break;
    }
}

void VDateTimeEdit::OnMouseMove(UINT nFlags, CPoint point) 
{
    // TODO: Add your message handler code here and/or call default
    
    CEdit::OnMouseMove(nFlags, point);
}

void VDateTimeEdit::PreSubclassWindow() 
{
    SetDateTime(COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime());
    CEdit::PreSubclassWindow();
}

void VDateTimeEdit::SetDateTime(COleDateTime dt)
{
    CString str;
    int i, n = m_strMask.GetLength();
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        CString s;
        int val;
        TCHAR c = m_strMask[i];
        switch (c) {
            case 'D':case 'M':case 'Y':case 'h':case 'm':case 's':
                for (; i < n; i++) {
                    if (m_strMask[i] == c) s += c;
                    else {i--; break;}
                }
                break;
            default :
                break;
        }
        CString format;
        format.Format("%%0%dd", s.GetLength());
        switch (c) {
            case 'D':
                val = dt.GetDay();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 31);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            case 'M':
                val = dt.GetMonth();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 1, 12);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            case 'Y':
                val = dt.GetYear();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 1900, 9990);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            case 'h':
                val = dt.GetHour();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 23);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            case 'm':
                val = dt.GetMinute();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 59);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            case 's':
                val = dt.GetSecond();
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 59);
                s.Format(format, val);
                break;
            default :
                s = c;
                break;
        }
        str += s;
    }
    int pos;
    GetSel(pos, pos);
    SetWindowText(str);
    SetSel(pos, pos);
    CWnd *pOwner = GetParent();
    if (pOwner != NULL) 
      pOwner->PostMessage(WM_DATETIME_EDIT, 
                  (WPARAM)DTE_DATETIMECHANGED, (LPARAM)0);
}

COleDateTime VDateTimeEdit::GetDateTime()
{
    CString str;
    GetWindowText(str);
    return GetDateTime(str);
}

COleDateTime VDateTimeEdit::GetDateTime(CString str)
{
    tm t;
    COleDateTime dt;
    dt.SetStatus(COleDateTime::invalid);
    CTime::GetCurrentTime().GetLocalTm(&t);
    t.tm_mon += 1;
    t.tm_year += 1900;

    int i, n = m_strMask.GetLength();
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        CString s;
        TCHAR c = m_strMask[i];
        switch (c) {
            case 'D':case 'M':case 'Y':case 'h':case 'm':case 's':
                for ( ; i < n; i++) {
                    if (str.GetLength() <= s.GetLength()) break;
                    if (m_strMask[i] == c) s += str[s.GetLength()];
                    else {i--; break;}
                }
                break;
            default :
                if (str.GetLength() < 0 || str[0] != (s = c)) return dt;
                break;
        }
        str = str.Right(str.GetLength() - s.GetLength());
        int val;
        switch (c) {
            case 'D':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 1, 31);
                t.tm_mday = val;
                break;
            case 'M':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 1, 12);
                t.tm_mon = val;
                break;
            case 'Y':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 1900, 9990);
                t.tm_year = val;
                break;
            case 'h':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 23);
                t.tm_hour = val;
                break;
            case 'm':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 59);
                t.tm_min = val;
                break;
            case 's':
                if (!::VAtoi(s, val)) return dt;
                ::VSetInRange(val, 0, 59);
                t.tm_sec = val;
                break;
            default :
                break;
        }
    }
    dt.SetStatus(COleDateTime::valid);
    dt.SetDateTime(t.tm_year, t.tm_mon, 
            t.tm_mday, t.tm_hour, t.tm_min, t.tm_sec);
    return dt;
}

void VDateTimeEdit::OnContextMenu(CWnd*, CPoint)
{
}

void VDateTimeEdit::SetMask(CString mask) {
    COleDateTime time = GetDateTime();
    m_strMask = mask;
    SetDateTime(time);
}

That's it!

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Tri VU KHAC

Belgium Belgium
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralTo the Author of this project Pinmembercweng20033-May-03 18:28 
GeneralThank you very much PinmemberAlbert Hermann13-Feb-03 1:33 
GeneralProblem when something selected Pinsussmordred7-Oct-02 23:34 
GeneralProblem when something selected Pinsussmordred7-Oct-02 23:01 
GeneralInitialize in GetDateTime Pinsusscf12-Jul-02 8:26 
GeneralNot able to create PinmemberAnonymous11-Apr-02 23:34 
GeneralRe: Not able to create PinmemberTMS_7311-Nov-03 3:00 
QuestionWhat about adding Spin Button? PinmemberAnonymous11-Oct-01 0:40 
AnswerRe: What about adding Spin Button? PinmemberOlivier Zegdoun15-Aug-02 12:03 
GeneralRe: What about adding Spin Button? PinmemberTommy Keegan6-Aug-06 17:18 
GeneralClean, simple and versatile PinmemberRod Hamilton11-Jul-01 14:04 
GeneralPerfect for my needs PinmemberTrevor Ash7-Apr-01 7:19 
GeneralA version of the date/time entry field that doesn't use OLE PinsussPeter Kovach9-Jun-00 5:50 
GeneralSource Code PinsussSome programmer28-Mar-00 15:02 

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