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Remote Desktop using C#.NET

, 11 Nov 2009 CPOL
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This article is about showing how to create a .NET application to perform remote desktop operation using Microsoft Terminal Services Client ActiveX control.

Introduction

Remote Desktop Services is one of Microsoft Windows components to access a remote computer through the network. Only the user interface of the application is presented at the client. Any input is redirected over to the remote computer over the network.

At work, we use Remote Desktop a great deal. It allows us to login to a remote server to perform health checks, deploy applications, troubleshoot problems, etc. We also use remote desktop often when we do WFH (work from home).

Why do you want to write a .NET application to do this when you have the MS Terminal Services client available from OS? Well, consider if you want to work on 3 different application servers at the same time and want to toggle between these 3 servers quite often. With the MSTSC, we will be running 3 different clients for the 3 servers and it is difficult to manage the working environment. In .NET, you can develop an application with tab control to load remote desktop sessions in different tabs in one window.

Background

We will be using AxMSTSCLib an ActiveX component in our program to connect to the remote computer. It’s not that hard to build a remote desktop application in .NET. Microsoft has a “Microsoft RDP client control” ActiveX control that we will be using in our application.

This is How We Do It

We will start by creating a Windows application in the Visual Studio IDE.

Add a reference to “Microsoft Terminal Services Control Type Library” from the COM tab. This will add MSTSCLib.dll to the project.

Sample Image - maximum width is 600 pixels

To add MSTSC to the toolbox, right click the toolbox and select “Choose Items…”. Now add “Microsoft Terminal Services control from the COM tab.

Sample Image - maximum width is 600 pixels

Drag the newly added control from toolbox to the form.

Add 3 textbox and 2 button controls to the form:

Sample Image - maximum width is 600 pixels

Connect Button - Click Event

Here is how we write the Connect button click event.

rdp.Server = txtServer.Text;
rdp.UserName = txtUserName.Text;
IMsTscNonScriptable secured = (IMsTscNonScriptable)rdp.GetOcx();
secured.ClearTextPassword = txtPassword.Text;
rdp.Connect();

Now assign the properties (Server, UserName) of RDP control with the textbox values.

Here’s how easy it is to login to remote machine. However there is one catch, there is no direct method in RDP control through which you can pass the username and password to login to the remote desktop.

Due to security reasons, you have to implement an interface (IMsTscNonScriptable) to cast it separately.

IMsTscNonScriptable secured = IMsTscNonScriptable)rdp.GetOcx();
secured.ClearTextPassword = txtPassword.Text; 

Disconnect Button – Click Event

To disconnect from the remote desktop session, we just need to call the Disconnect() method.

Before disconnecting, we want to ensure that the connection is still available. We don't want to disconnect if it is already disconnected (very clever, huh).

if (rdp.Connected.ToString() == "1")
 rdp.Disconnect();

That’s all folks!

History

  • 5th November, 2009: Initial version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Thiagarajan Alagarsamy
Web Developer
India India
Thiagu is living in Bangalore, India. He has started coding when he was 12 years old. His native is Madurai, a historic city in south India. He loves to code in C#. He frequents code project when he is not coding. Thiagu loves reading Dan Brown and Michael Crichton novels. He is very much interested in Artificial Intelligence (AI). To view his blog - http://csharpnet.blogspot.com

Comments and Discussions

 
BugCant connect using PORT Pinmembervenkatmca00813-Feb-13 21:15 
GeneralRe: Cant connect using PORT PinmemberArmin Rezayati29-Apr-14 22:56 
BugRemote screen is not displayed Pinmemberthakurajay9330-Jan-13 18:36 
Bugbut it is not showing the desktop screen after click on connect Pinmemberbhupendra8816-Dec-12 5:54 
QuestionHow can I logout and NOT Disconnect? PinmemberMember 817647311-Nov-12 21:20 
QuestionI can able to connect to other system but the remote system is logging off is there any solution for this. Pinmembertejas.chudasama2-Nov-12 8:38 
AnswerRe: I can able to connect to other system but the remote system is logging off is there any solution for this. PinmemberAdrian Viegas7-Nov-12 22:27 
Questionc# remote desktop managing application PinmemberMember 328966114-Sep-12 4:04 
2 users are connected through remote desktop an application. Now one use want to close the application, but when he close the main application it has to make sure the sub applications are closed.I used process to check the sub applications are closed, but even though my subapplications are closed I always get message as the sub applications are not clsoed,
But when the second user close his sub application I dont' get message.
So how can I check only my user name's process are running
 
Code Ex :
Process[] processlist = Process.GetProcesses();
foreach (Process theprocess in processlist)
{}
 
Thank you
 
Premi
Questionremote desktoping Pinmemberriti kapoor14-Aug-12 5:52 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberFarhan Ghumra6-Aug-12 21:50 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmvpKanasz Robert6-Aug-12 21:48 
QuestionHow i can Remote a computer web connection Pinmemberjprogramer23-Jun-12 22:50 
QuestionRemote system is logging off Pinmemberdarvisunny10-Apr-12 18:32 
QuestionNot working over internet? PinmemberMember 875666924-Mar-12 1:16 
Questionhello, how do I connect my own computer? Pinmemberjeferson Medeiros14-Mar-12 2:57 
QuestionHow to start calc.exe on the remote computer? Pinmemberjkoorts25-Jan-12 22:05 
QuestionSo where's the tabs? PinmemberBill Doerfler5-Jan-12 3:12 
AnswerRe: So where's the tabs? PinmemberMember 806538828-Feb-12 6:26 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberMember 850269719-Dec-11 19:56 
QuestionResize Remote Desktop Connection? Pinmemberjlopez78810-Nov-11 5:19 
AnswerRe: Resize Remote Desktop Connection? PinmemberMatt Webb5-Jan-12 4:45 
QuestionRemote desktop Pinmemberkusum nayal20-Oct-11 2:55 
QuestionRemote Desktop accessbility on windows 7 Platform Pinmemberbveck22-Sep-11 23:13 
AnswerRe: Remote Desktop accessbility on windows 7 Platform PinmemberMember 837313610-Nov-11 4:11 
Questioncan i jst restrict user Pinmembermeeaaoon12-Aug-11 11:47 

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