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Creating a process, and then killing it

, 22 Nov 1999
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Creating a process, and then killing it.

Introduction

While I was creating an app that has the capability of starting a process, and then be able to kill it later on, I looked all over the net, and found some crazy ways of doing this. Searching, searching, searching, for a couple days, I did nothing but try to locate info on setting this up correctly (Since I never tried doing this before). Most of them I could not get to work, in their entirety, as they were written. I finally found a way that worked, without too much mish-mash. What is here, is a conglomerate of all. And needless to say, the simplest way was the key. I am sure there are better ways of doing this, but this way works for this application.

Please note that some of the techniques used in this article are based on the article Sending a message to the Main Frame Window of Another Application, given only the Process Handle by Martin-Pierre Frenette.

The basic method used is to start a process, store its process ID, and then when it comes time to kill the process, you enumerate all open windows and close the window that is associated with your process ID.

TerminateProcess() is easier, but doesn't unload the DLLs from memory, which means it doesn't let the DLLs know the process is terminated, and leaves them floating around in memory, lost, causing problems. It should only be used in worst-case situations. system(), WinExec(), ShellExecute(), and ShellExecueEx() are easier, but you don't get as much information about the process being started. Since CreateProcess() is very powerful, and seems rather intimidating at first, I decided to write this little article.

PostMessage() needs a window handle to send WM_CLOSE, so we have to use EnumWindows() to ramble through the windows, checking to see if our PID is the same. If it is, we have a match, and have the window handle to send it.

In CSomeDlg.h

static BOOL CALLBACK EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam);
DWORD processPid;

In CSomeDlg.cpp

void CSomeDlg::startProcess()
{
  BOOL bWorked;
  STARTUPINFO suInfo;
  PROCESS_INFORMATION procInfo;
  CString m_Process = "C:\\wherever\\process\\we\\want\\to\\start.exe";
  char *vip =  "C:\\wherever\\process\\we\\want\\to\\start.exe " 
                    "whatever command line arguments here";

  memset (&suInfo, 0, sizeof(suInfo));
  suInfo.cb = sizeof(suInfo);

  bWorked = ::CreateProcess(m_Process,
             vip,      // can also be NULL
             NULL,
             NULL,
             FALSE,
             NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS,
             NULL,
             NULL,
             &suInfo,
             &procInfo);

/*
procInfo has these members
    HANDLE hProcess;   // process handle
    HANDLE hThread;    // primary thread handle
    DWORD dwProcessId; // process PID
    DWORD dwThreadId;  // thread ID
*/

  if (procInfo.dwThreadId = NULL)
  {
     MessageBox("nope");
  }

  playerPid = procInfo.dwProcessId;
}



void CSomeDlg::killProcess()
{
  HANDLE ps = OpenProcess( SYNCHRONIZE|PROCESS_TERMINATE, 
                                        FALSE, processPid);
  // processPid = procInfo.dwProcessId;

  // This function enumerates all widows,
  // using the EnumWindowsProc callback
  // function, passing the PID of the process
  // you started earlier.
  EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc, processPid);

  CloseHandle(ps) ;
}

BOOL CALLBACK CSomeDlg::EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam)
{
  DWORD wndPid;
  CString Title;
  // lParam = procInfo.dwProcessId;

  // This gets the windows handle and pid of enumerated window.
  GetWindowThreadProcessId(hwnd, &wndPid);

  // This gets the windows title text
  // from the window, using the window handle
  CWnd::FromHandle( hwnd )->GetWindowText(Title);

  //  this makes sure that the PID matches that PID we started, and window
  // text exists, before we kill it . I don't think this is really needed, 
  // I included it because some apps have more than one window.
  if ( wndPid == (DWORD)lParam && Title.GetLength() != 0)
  {
    //  Please kindly close this process
    ::PostMessage(hwnd, WM_CLOSE, 0, 0);
    return false;
  }
  else
  {
    // Keep enumerating
    return true;
  }
}

License

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About the Author

ljp
Software Developer Nokia Pty Ltd
Australia Australia
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalprocess creation PinmemberMember 425070523-Dec-08 0:29 
Generalprocess Pinmemberprathuraj9-Apr-07 1:04 
GeneralProcess in a Thread PinmemberGagan komal16-Nov-06 22:20 
GeneralGreat help Pinmemberellasunxl13-Jun-06 17:20 
GeneralRe: Great help Pinmembertifen27-Jul-09 18:22 
GeneralProblem in retreving the HANDLE of the window PinmemberRaj241129-Mar-06 0:12 
QuestionApplication? PinmemberRodolfo Brazil29-Mar-05 7:09 
GeneralLinking error PinmemberNTSC12-Nov-03 14:20 
GeneralRe: Linking error PinmemberAgus Subhan Akbar26-May-05 21:40 
GeneralPassing instruction to the screen Pinmembervgandhi13-Aug-03 14:42 
Generala simple question I hope PinmemberGregor Schiller1-Feb-03 10:14 
GeneralRe: a simple question I hope Pinmemberljp1-Feb-03 10:35 
QuestionUsing this in Visual c++? Pinmembermicrocyb26-Dec-02 7:27 
AnswerRe: Using this in Visual c++? PinsussAnonymous7-Aug-03 4:01 
GeneralhProcess.. PinmemberPreetham26-Apr-02 15:01 
GeneralRe: hProcess.. PinmemberAnonymous2-May-02 17:28 
QuestionNot working? PinmemberConphused19-Mar-02 13:11 
AnswerRe: Not working? PinsussRob maddison27-Jan-03 3:51 
GeneralplayerPid = procInfo.dwProcessId; Pinmembervirle23-Feb-02 20:17 
GeneralRe: playerPid = procInfo.dwProcessId; Pinmemberkidconan11-Aug-05 21:45 
Questionhow Can I start "service program"? PinmemberAhnse28-Jun-01 18:04 
AnswerRe: how Can I start "service program"? Pinmembercjc2-May-02 17:30 
GeneralError PinmemberGunter Blasek15-May-01 4:34 
GeneralKilling a process PinsussH.K. Subbu7-Aug-00 22:11 
GeneralA much different direction. Pinmembernerddude18-Oct-03 20:38 

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