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Calculate Difference Between Two Dates in Day, Week, Month, and Year Parts

, 18 Dec 2013
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Calculate difference between two dates in day, week, month, and year parts.
Date_Diff_demo

Introduction

During my investigation of the DateTime and TimeSpan classes, I faced the following question several times, and unfortunately, I didn't find an answer to it.

How can I get the difference between two dates in number of days, weeks, months, and years? I tried to use the Subtract method of the DateTime class, and it gave me the difference in TimeSpan, from which I can get the duration in days, hours, and so on... but how can I get the difference in larger date parts?

I found it a very common requirement to display the date difference between two dates with high precision, considering leap years and the number of days in each month.

So I decided to write my own library (DateCalculator_Lib) which provides to its user a complete set of properties for all required date parts (days, weeks, months, years) along with some extra properties like number of leap years and a collection containing the accrual of each month during the difference period, and a group of properties representing each date part total accrual in the difference period, like total number of days, months,......etc.

Using the Code

All you need is to add a reference to DateCalculator.dll in your .NET project and the using statement for the DateCalculator namespace, then create an object from the DateCalculator class which will need the start and end dates in its constructor.

After that, just call the public CalculateDateDifference method from your object, and it will calculate each date difference part and assign it to the appropriate property.

Use those read only properties to retrieve all your needs....

The attached demo project contains all the previously explained steps.

//Add the using statement 
using DateCalculator;

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
{ 
    //create the object 
    DateCalculator.DateCalculator DC = new DateCalculator.DateCalculator
    ( this.dateTimePicker1.Value, this.dateTimePicker2.Value); 

    //call the method 
    DC.CalculateDateDifference(); 
    // use the read only properties
    this.day_txt.Text = DC.Days.ToString(); 
    this.week_txt.Text = DC.Weeks.ToString(); 
    this.month_txt.Text = DC.Months.ToString(); 
    this.year_txt.Text = DC.Years.ToString(); 
}

Algorithm Explanation

This library depends on a well known algorithm called "Goal Seek" algorithm; we start from the "Start Date" and go on until we reach the "End Date", which is our goal...during the journey, we collect information by accumulating days and months and leap years inside the period between the start and end dates.

The algorithm depends on a container "Integer array" that contains the number of days in each month except February, as this month is the differentiator between normal and leap years.

And the algorithm logical steps are as follows:

  1. If our Goal -->>"End date" is not reached, continue.
  2. Check if current month is February or not, and accumulate days and months.
  3. Update the public properties.
  4. Check the termination condition "Did we reach the goal or not".
  5. If not, get the next month index and continue in the loop.
  6. If we exceed the goal, we seek it by going forward and backward until we stop on the end date.

Finally, after finishing this loop, all public properties will contain the accumulated information collected through the cycle.

History

  • 19th November, 2009: Initial post

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Mahmoud Fathy Afify
Software Developer International TurnKey Systems (ITS)
Egypt Egypt
our work represents us

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionUnable to download Files. Get blank Page. PinmemberLen202021-Feb-14 15:11 
AnswerRe: Unable to download Files. Get blank Page. PinmemberMember 778232730-Apr-14 15:50 
GeneralRe: Unable to download Files. Get blank Page. PinmemberLen202030-Apr-14 15:56 
GeneralRe: Unable to download Files. Get blank Page. PinmemberMember 778232730-Apr-14 16:03 
QuestionDays in minus (-) Pinmemberhdamis17-Feb-14 1:17 
GeneralFirst and Last Date. PinmemberZamirF18-Dec-13 7:51 
Bugwrong result returned when from date is 10/10/2004 and to date is 28/02/2005 PinmemberVasudevan Kannan2-Jan-12 13:45 
GeneralRe: wrong result returned when from date is 10/10/2004 and to date is 28/02/2005 PinmemberMahmoud Fathy Afify18-Dec-13 2:09 
GeneralRe: wrong result returned when from date is 10/10/2004 and to date is 28/02/2005 PinmemberMahmoud Fathy Afify18-Dec-13 3:21 
GeneralRe: wrong result returned when from date is 10/10/2004 and to date is 28/02/2005 PinmemberVasudevan Kannan30-Dec-13 20:25 
Generalerror I think Pinmembergalache23-Dec-10 6:20 
GeneralRe: error I think PinmemberGustav Brock23-Dec-13 3:03 
GeneralWhy not... Pinmemberkasparovthe220-Nov-09 2:19 
GeneralRe: Why not... PinmemberMahmoud Fathy Afify21-Nov-09 22:00 
GeneralRe: Why not... Pinmemberbkyee18-Dec-13 23:23 
GeneralRe: Why not... PinmemberGustav Brock23-Dec-13 2:59 

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