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Implementation of FIX messages for Fix 5.0 sp2 and FIXT1.1 specification

, 30 Aug 2012 CPOL
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This post will demonstrate how to connect with FIX5.0 server and FIXT1.1 specification and uses of QuickFix/n (native .NET FIX engine).

This post will demonstrate how to connect with FIX5.0 server and FIXT1.1 specification and uses of QuickFix/n (native .NET FIX engine).


With this release of FIX protocol version 5.0, a new Transport Independence framework (TI) introduced which separates the FIX Session Protocol from the FIX Application Protocol. This gives freedom to send message across different messaging technologies like MSMQ, message bus etc.

Because of different versions of transport and application protocol, we will have to explicitly defines settings in config file.

TransportDataDictionary is used for defining transport protocol version eg. FIXT.1.1.xml

AppDataDictionary is used for defining data dictionary for FIX application protocol version eg. FIX50.xml

You can read more about FIXT1.1 and FIX 5.0 Sp2 specification on


To demonstrate implementation of FIX 5.0 sp2, I’ll use open source FIX engine for .net (QuickFix/N) which is one of best open source engine in native .NET code. Code for is available on github and primarily contributed by Connamara System’s developers. These guys are doing commendable job.



This is client application which will connect with FIX server to send and receive FIX messages. I am demonstrating implementation of MarketDataRequest and its responses (MarketDataSnapshot & MarketDataIncrementalRefresh).

Start with Configuration

First we create configuration file for initiator.


*Note- AppDataDictionary is for application protocol eg. FIX 5.0 and TransportDataDictionary is for transport protocol.

You can read more about configuration here.

Create Application Class

Before starting with implementation you would need to have quickFix.dll which is available of github  at

To connect with FIX session, you will have to implement QuickFix.Application interface.

public interface Application 
   void FromAdmin(Message message, SessionID sessionID); 
   void FromApp(Message message, SessionID sessionID); 
   void OnCreate(SessionID sessionID); 
   void OnLogon(SessionID sessionID); 
   void OnLogout(SessionID sessionID); 
   void ToAdmin(Message message, SessionID sessionID); 
   void ToApp(Message message, SessionID sessionId); 

I create one class named FixClient50Sp2 which implements interface and inherit base class for message cracking and getting message events.


FIX Application Setup

Setting up Initiator

// FIX app settings and related 
var settings = new SessionSettings("C:\\initiator.cfg");
// FIX application setup 
MessageStoreFactory storeFactory = new FileStoreFactory(settings); 
LogFactory logFactory = new FileLogFactory(settings); 
_client = new FixClient50Sp2(settings);
IInitiator initiator = new SocketInitiator(_client, storeFactory, settings, logFactory); 
_client.Initiator = initiator;

* _client is an instance of the class FixClient50Sp2.

Starting Initiator


Implementation of QuickFix.Application Interface methods

/// <summary> 
/// every inbound admin level message will pass through this method, 
/// such as heartbeats, logons, and logouts. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="message"></param> 
/// <param name="sessionId"></param> 
public void FromAdmin(Message message, SessionID sessionId) 
/// <summary> 
/// every inbound application level message will pass through this method, 
/// such as orders, executions, secutiry definitions, and market data. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="message"></param> 
/// <param name="sessionID"></param> 
public void FromApp(Message message, SessionID sessionID) 
    Trace.WriteLine("## FromApp: " + message);
    Crack(message, sessionID); 
/// <summary> 
/// this method is called whenever a new session is created. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="sessionID"></param> 
public void OnCreate(SessionID sessionID) 
    if (OnProgress != null) 
        Log(string.Format("Session {0} created", sessionID)); 
/// <summary> 
/// notifies when a successful logon has completed. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="sessionID"></param> 
public void OnLogon(SessionID sessionID) 
    ActiveSessionId = sessionID; 
    Trace.WriteLine(String.Format("==OnLogon: {0}==", ActiveSessionId));
    if (LogonEvent != null) 
/// <summary> 
/// notifies when a session is offline – either from 
/// an exchange of logout messages or network connectivity loss. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="sessionID"></param> 
public void OnLogout(SessionID sessionID) 
    // not sure how ActiveSessionID could ever be null, but it happened. 
    string a = (ActiveSessionId == null) ? "null" : ActiveSessionId.ToString(); 
    Trace.WriteLine(String.Format("==OnLogout: {0}==", a));
    if (LogoutEvent != null) 
/// <summary> 
/// all outbound admin level messages pass through this callback. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="message"></param> 
/// <param name="sessionID"></param> 
public void ToAdmin(Message message, SessionID sessionID) 
    Log("To Admin : " + message); 
/// <summary> 
/// all outbound application level messages pass through this callback before they are sent. 
/// If a tag needs to be added to every outgoing message, this is a good place to do that. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="message"></param> 
/// <param name="sessionId"></param> 
public void ToApp(Message message, SessionID sessionId) 
    Log("To App : " + message); 

Callback to Subscription

public void OnMessage(MarketDataIncrementalRefresh message, SessionID session) 
    var noMdEntries = message.NoMDEntries; 
    var listOfMdEntries = noMdEntries.getValue(); 
    //message.GetGroup(1, noMdEntries); 
    var group = new MarketDataIncrementalRefresh.NoMDEntriesGroup();
    Group gr = message.GetGroup(1, group);
    string sym = message.MDReqID.getValue();
    var price = new MarketPrice();
    for (int i = 1; i <= listOfMdEntries; i++) 
        group = (MarketDataIncrementalRefresh.NoMDEntriesGroup)message.GetGroup(i, group);
        price.Symbol = group.Symbol.getValue();
        MDEntryType mdentrytype = group.MDEntryType;
        if (mdentrytype.getValue() == ’0′) //bid 
            decimal px = group.MDEntryPx.getValue(); 
            price.Bid = px; 
        else if (mdentrytype.getValue() == ’1′) //offer 
            decimal px = group.MDEntryPx.getValue(); 
            price.Offer = px; 
        price.Date = Constants.AdjustedCurrentUTCDate.ToString("yyyyMMdd"); 
        price.Time = group.MDEntryTime.ToString(); 
    if (OnMarketDataIncrementalRefresh != null) 

Code can be found at github.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Neeraj Kaushik1980
Architect Saxo India Pvt Ltd
India India
• Solution Architect /Sr. Lead Developer with 11+ years of professional experience with more emphasize on .net technology and open for any emerging technologies.
• Strong experience in drafting solutions, stakeholder communications and risk management.
• Proved strong coding and designing skills with agile approach (TDD, XP framework).
• Delivered many projects with involvement from inception to delivery phase.
• Strong experience in high performance, multithreaded, low latency applications.
• Have strong experience in web oriented technologies.
• Playing vital role in technical foundation of projects and delivery.
• Ability to communicate with the business and technical stake holders effectively.
• Strong experience in technologies for Capital Market Domain: Front Office & BackOffice (Algorithm Trading tools, messaging framework, Enterprise bus, integration of FIX APIs and many proprietary trading APIs).
• Functional knowledge of Wealth Management System, Equities, Fixed Income, Derivatives, Forex.
• Practical knowledge of building and practicing agile delivery methodologies (SCRUM & TDD).

Technical Expertise: Solution Architectures, Low Latency applications, Algo/ Properietary Trading Systems, Messaging Framework, Integration via FIX protocol APIs (QuickFix, QuickFix/N), ActiveMQ, MSMQ, C#, WinForms, ASP.NET MVC, Jquery, WCF, Sql Server 2008, TFS, TDD

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