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Create your own Snipping Tool

, 31 Oct 2012
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This tool captures a screen shot of anything on your desktop, like a picture or a section of webpage. This tool allows you to select a partial section of the whole screen with shortcut key.

Introduction

In this article I will show you how to create your own Snipping Tool. This tool captures a screenshot of anything on your desktop, like a picture or a section of webpage. This tool allows you to select a partial section of the whole screen.

Background

Before Snipping Tool in Windows 7, the common way to edit snap shoot was to press Print Screen key, open paint tool (or any other image editor), crop the region and copy it. With this tool the need for image editor is eliminated. This small project can be used like base for other projects like OCR or image processor as well.

Using the code

First we must to set the form properties. That can be done manually or by code

  • BackColor - To whatever color you prefer displayed in areas not covered by the image itself. I prefer Black.
  • FormBorderStyle - None
  • StartPosition - Manual
  • Top - 0
  • Left - 0
  • WindowState - Maximized (strange that this is required. If you don't set it the form doesn't go completely full screen).

Add a PictureBox control to the form. Set these properties:

  • Location - 0, 0
  • SizeMode - Zoom (ensure the image is displayed in the proper aspect ratio)

Set this code into form load event:

//Hide the Form
this.Hide();
//Create the Bitmap
Bitmap printscreen = new Bitmap(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width, 
                         Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height);
//Create the Graphic Variable with screen Dimensions
Graphics graphics = Graphics.FromImage(printscreen as Image);
//Copy Image from the screen
graphics.CopyFromScreen(0, 0, 0, 0, printscreen.Size);
//Create a temporal memory stream for the image
using (MemoryStream s = new MemoryStream())
{
    //save graphic variable into memory
    printscreen.Save(s, ImageFormat.Bmp);                
    pictureBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(this.Width, this.Height);
    //set the picture box with temporary stream
    pictureBox1.Image = Image.FromStream(s);
}
//Show Form
this.Show();
//Cross Cursor
Cursor = Cursors.Cross;

Now you must declare some private variables for mouse location and draw crop area:

//These variables control the mouse position
int selectX;
int selectY;
int selectWidth;
int selectHeight;
public Pen selectPen;        

//This variable control when you start the right click
bool start = false;

Mouse down and mouse move events will be used for create this effects. This is the code for mouse move event:

private void pictureBox1_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
{
    //validate if there is an image
    if (pictureBox1.Image == null)
        return;            
    //validate if right-click was trigger
    if(start)
    {
        //refresh picture box
        pictureBox1.Refresh();
        //set corner square to mouse coordinates
        selectWidth = e.X - selectX;
        selectHeight = e.Y - selectY;
        //draw dotted rectangle
        pictureBox1.CreateGraphics().DrawRectangle(selectPen, 
                  selectX, selectY, selectWidth, selectHeight);
    }
}

And this is for mouse down event:

private void pictureBox1_MouseDown(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
{
    //validate when user right-click
    if (!start)
    {
        if (e.Button == System.Windows.Forms.MouseButtons.Left)
        {
            //starts coordinates for rectangle
            selectX = e.X;
            selectY = e.Y;
            selectPen = new Pen(Color.Red, 1);
            selectPen.DashStyle = DashStyle.DashDotDot;
        }
        //refresh picture box
        pictureBox1.Refresh();
        //start control variable for draw rectangle
        start = true;
    }
    else
    {
        //validate if there is image
        if (pictureBox1.Image == null)
            return;
        //same functionality when mouse is over
        if (e.Button == System.Windows.Forms.MouseButtons.Left)
        {
            pictureBox1.Refresh();
            selectWidth = e.X - selectX;
            selectHeight = e.Y - selectY;
            pictureBox1.CreateGraphics().DrawRectangle(selectPen, selectX, 
                     selectY, selectWidth, selectHeight);

        }
        start = false;
        //function save image to clipboard
        SaveToClipboard();            
    }
}

The mouse move event had the variables selectX and selectY. They will save the initial mouse position after mouse down event set the Boolean variable start in true or false that means when start the cropping action or ends respectively with help of event arg we can easily determine the rectangles width and height.

private void SaveToClipboard()
{
    //validate if something selected
    if (selectWidth > 0)
    {

        Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(selectX, selectY, selectWidth, selectHeight);
        //create bitmap with original dimensions
        Bitmap OriginalImage = new Bitmap(pictureBox1.Image, pictureBox1.Width, pictureBox1.Height);
        //create bitmap with selected dimensions
        Bitmap _img = new Bitmap(selectWidth, selectHeight);
        //create graphic variable
        Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(_img);
        //set graphic attributes
        g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
        g.PixelOffsetMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
        g.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
        g.DrawImage(OriginalImage, 0, 0, rect, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);                
        //insert image stream into clipboard
        Clipboard.SetImage(_img);
    } 
    //End application
    Application.Exit();
}

The SaveToClipboard function saves into clipboard memory what the object picture box has in its image buffer and set all the property like size and quality.

So every time you execute the application, you are going to be able to freeze the screen image and crop your piece of screen you wish and send it automatically into clipboard ready for been paste it with keys ctrl + V.

Probably could not be practical to go end execute the system each time that is needed so you can create a shortcut key through windows shortcut. Go where the application is and right-click over the .exe file, point to Create a new Shortcut.

Therefore right-click on shortcut, select properties and select Shortcut key then press the keys that you want in order to call the functionality (ex. [Ctrl + Alt + C]) and that's it, every time that you press [Ctrl + Alt + C] you will freeze the screen and you will be able to crop the image in your screen.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Eder A. Castro
Software Developer
Mexico Mexico
I have 10 years of experience on IT. I have been involved in software development projects since 2002 and I have considerable experience building enterprise applications. mainly with Microsoft Tools: .Net, C#, SQL Server, SSIS, Crystal Report, MVC 3, TFS Administration.
 
I study in Facultad de Ciencias Físico-Matemáticas in UANL (computer science bachelor degree).

Comments and Discussions

 
Questioni am seeing black screen PinmemberMember 1043173428-Nov-13 0:12 
Questionseeing black screen when i am executing the code Pinmembersonia_118-Nov-13 20:12 
QuestionThis Crop is False PinmemberMember 1001078924-Apr-13 21:22 
Questionmore info? PinmemberMember 963288526-Jan-13 19:27 
AnswerRe: more info? Pinprofessionalkarthiiivgn17-Sep-13 0:04 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberrhinosoft00730-Nov-12 17:13 

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