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Bitwise–some thing you learned during college time.

, 23 Nov 2012 CPOL
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Let’s say, we have a survey requirement. See how we can store multiple selection in a field by using bitwise.

Convert 10112 to base 10.

1 x 20 = 1
1 x 21 = 2
0 x 22 = 0
1 x 23 = 8

1 + 2 + 0 + 8 = 11

Answer:  10112 = 1110

Is this look familiar? I learned this during my college but I don’t understand how can we use it. Until…I code.

static void Main(string[] args)
{
Console.WriteLine((7 | 3).ToString());
Console.WriteLine((7 & 3).ToString());
Console.Read();
}

Try to run this code at Visual Studio, and you will have this.

image

Let’s start the math resolution now.

7 = 1112 or [22 + 21 + 20 = 7] or [4 + 2 + 1 =7]

3 = 112 or [21 + 20 = 3] or [2 + 1 = 3]

image

image

Remembered? logical operator. 1 AND 1 = 1, 1 AND 0 = 0, 1 OR 1 = 1, 1 OR 0 =1…etc.

Let’s start the code now.

image

Let’s say, we have a survey requirement. See how we can store multiple selection in a field by using bitwise.

public enum Favorites
{
WCF = 1,
WPF = 2,
Web = 4,
Silverlight = 8,
None = 0
}

First, we create an Enum class with predefine value for each selection.

<asp:UpdatePanel ID=”UpdatePanel1″ runat="”server”">
<ContentTemplate>
<p>
Please choose your favorite topic[s].
</p>
<asp:CheckBox ID=”WCF” runat="”server”" Text=”WCF” />
<br />
<asp:CheckBox ID=”WPF” runat="”server”" Text=”WPF” />
<br />
<asp:CheckBox ID=”Web” runat="”server”" Text=”Web” />
<br />
<asp:CheckBox ID=”Silverlight” runat="”server”" Text=”Silverlight” />
<p>
<asp:Label ID=”Label2″ runat="”server”" Text=”Value” AssociatedControlID=”DecimalValueText_Get”></asp:Label>
<asp:TextBox ID=”DecimalValueText_Get” runat="”server”"></asp:TextBox>
<asp:Button ID=”GetValue” runat="”server”"
Text=”Get Value” OnClick=”GetValue_Click” />
</p>
<p>
<asp:Label ID=”Label1″ runat="”server”" Text=”Value” AssociatedControlID=”DecimalValueText_Set”></asp:Label>
<asp:TextBox ID=”DecimalValueText_Set” runat="”server”" Text=”0″></asp:TextBox>
<asp:Button ID=”SetValue” runat="”server”"
Text=”Set Value” OnClick=”SetValue_Click” />
</p>
</ContentTemplate>
</asp:UpdatePanel>
private Int32 Retrieve()
{
Int32 result = 0;
result = WCF.Checked ? (result | Favorites.WCF.GetHashCode()) : result;
result = WPF.Checked ? (result | Favorites.WPF.GetHashCode()) : result;
result = Web.Checked ? (result | Favorites.Web.GetHashCode()) : result;
result = Silverlight.Checked ? (result | Favorites.Silverlight.GetHashCode()) : result;
return result;
}

Then, follow by a function to construct a integer value according to the selection.

private void Display()
{
Int32 favorites = int.Parse(DecimalValueText_Set.Text);
WCF.Checked = ((favorites & Favorites.WCF.GetHashCode()) == Favorites.WCF.GetHashCode());
WPF.Checked = ((favorites & Favorites.WPF.GetHashCode()) == Favorites.WPF.GetHashCode());
Web.Checked = ((favorites & Favorites.Web.GetHashCode()) == Favorites.Web.GetHashCode());
Silverlight.Checked = ((favorites & Favorites.Silverlight.GetHashCode()) == Favorites.Silverlight.GetHashCode());
}

To make the solution more complete, we create another function to make the selection according to a defined value.

image

Run the project, now you can select multiple items and click “GetValue” to get the result.

image

Or, key in a result and let the program to make the selection by click on “SetValue” button.

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License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Cruz Boon
Team Leader Powercomp Software Sdn Bhd
Malaysia Malaysia
No Biography provided

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SuggestionFlagsAttribute Class Pin
aggelos@next24-Nov-12 1:47
memberaggelos@next24-Nov-12 1:47 

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