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What is New in ASP.NET 4.0, Visual Studio 2010 IDE

, 13 Jan 2010 CPOL
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This article is an introduction to some of the new features in ASP.NET 4.0 and the Visual Studio 2010 IDE.

Introduction


This article is an introduction to some of the new features in ASP.NET 4.0 and Visual Studio 2010 IDE.

Code Snippets


Code snippets are pre-developed code templates which can save time spent on thinking about the syntax. There are already a lot of built-in code snippets in VS2005 and VS2008. However, those are only available for the code-behind. Code snippets in VS2010 are introduced for JScript, HTML, and ASP.NET markup as well. In the screenshots below, we can see different snippet context menus for JScript and HTML.

Inside the script tag, it would be

And inside the HTML:

New Profiles


We have seen different development profiles in previous versions of .NET. Like VB, C#, Web Development, and General Development. We select a profile based on our priorities. These are selected after the first installation of Visual Studio or from the Import Export option.

In VS2010, two more profiles are introduced and both support HTML developers. Those are:

  1. Web Development
  2. Web Development (Code Optimized)

The Web Development profile hides the client objects and events bar on top in HTML mode.

In Code Optimized, you will find the HTML editor without code, and the designer tabs. So, it provides a more bigger area on the screen to play with HTML.

You can choose a profile after installation of Visual Studio on first use. You can also change the existing working profile from the Tools > Import & Export Settings > Reset all settings option. You will have to open and close Visual Studio if it does not show the changes in the IDE.

Generate From Usage


In previous versions of ASP.NET, Microsoft introduced code refactoring to generate methods and identifiers from existing code. In ASP.NET 4.0, there is a new concept of Generate From Usage - generates properties, methods, classes, and other types based on existing code.

Write some code, select it and right click on the left most character, and you will get options to change it to a property or method etc. This option is shown only if you do not define an identifier. For example, in the following example intellisense, it will not show the options to extract a property if you right click on the variable i.

Multi-Targeting


In VS2008, it is possible to create a project in version 2.0 or 3.0, rather than developing in default 3.5. Also, there is an option to change a developed project's target framework version.

The same option is available in VS2010, but with one improvement. In the previous versions, if you create a project in framework 2.0, intellisense will still show you the types and members of 3.5 version as well, so there are more chances of error if you cannot identify the member of the chosen framework. But in VS2010, the intellisense will show you options for the appropriate framework only.

Multi-Monitor


Visual Studio 2010 provides us facility to move windows of the IDE outside of the Visual Studio IDE and place them on the desktop area. It also supports having different IDE windows on multiple monitors. If we close Visual Studio and open it again, we will find all the windows on the same places where we finished them last time.

Code Navigation in Class Files


Code Navigation

A new Navigate To option gives us facility to search a term in a file more quickly. It searches the text as you type, but it works for class files only, i.e., it doesn't work for HTML or code-behind files. In the following example, it shows the function name as I type it in the Navigate To window; on selection of any, it will navigate to the function definition.

View Call Hierarchy

This featrure helps to see the use of a function and its properties. For example, if you right click on a function name, it will show you the hierarchical list of function usage.

If you click View Call Hierarchy, it will show you a window with the details of the function calls:

On selection of the function call in the hierarchy window, it will show the details of the parameters and the location of the function call.

Code Identifier Highlighting

On selection of an identifier, the IDE will highlight the places for you where it is utilized. For example, I selected variable i and it highlights the different places it is used.

Intellisense Improvements


In VS2008, on selecting properties for an object, intellisense will show you the properties based on the alphabetical order as you type.

In VS2010, it shows you the properties based on groups. For example, if you type text for a text box, it will show you the members based on the word text, like Text, TextChanged, TextMode. It also supports Pascal case intellisense. For example, if you type TC, it will navigate to the TextChanged member.

In the picture below, you can see the ClientIDMode property in version 4, and if we change its target version from project properties, it will not show this attribute for the textbox.

EnablePersistedSelection


On selecting a row in controls like DataList or GridView, if we move to another page index, it selects the same numbered row on the newly selected page, although we selected it only on the first page.

To avoid this, ASP.NET 4.0 has introduced a new property for these controls, called EnablePersistedSelection. If you set it to true, it will not select the same numbered row on other pages, and on navigation to the original page, for example, the first page, it will show the initially selected row as selected.

Web.Config Transformation


Normally, we set some values in web.config for the development environment, and then we change those values manually at the time of deployment or testing.

For example, if we have a connection string or any key value combination in the web.config file, and we want to replace those at the time of project publishing or deployment, then we can use the new web.config transformation. It is an automatic way to perform this operation.

Web.config settings can be overridden by other config files like web.release.config, web.debug.config etc., at the time of debug, release. These values are not overridden in the original web.config but in the published web.config.

With the help of transformation, we can replace, remove, or delete a node, and for a node itself, we can remove or set attributes. For example:

  1. Create a config file from Configuration Manager > New:

  2. Name it TransformWebConfig. Select Release from the Copy settings from option:

    This will create TransformWebConfig.config.

  3. Right click on web.config and select the Add config transfroms option. Open the web.config and add a test key and the value to be changed.
    <appSettings> 
      <add key="KeyOne" value="A value"/> 
    </appSettings>
  4. Open TransformWebConfig.config and add the following line to it:
    <appSettings> 
      <add key="KeyOne" 
        value="TestOnConfigurationConfig" 
        xdt:Transform="Replace"
        xdt:Locator="Match(key)" /> 
    </appSettings>

    Set the xdt:Transform attribute to Replace.

  5. Right click on the project and select Create Package. VS will get the values from the TransformWebConfig.config file, and it will change the value in the published web.config file for us.

On successful build, go to the obj folder and check the web.config file under the TransformWebConfig folder; you will see the value TestOnConfigurationConfig for the key KeyOne.

URL Routing


Nowadays, we see that website URLs are more SEO specific and do not show any descriptive information. For example, rather than showing a URL like: http://mywebsite.com/userprofiles.aspx?userid=1, developers would prefer to show the URL as: http://mywebsite.com/mydetails.

URL mapping in ASP.NET 2.0 provides us an option to achieve this functionality up to some extent. We can mention exact URLs to navigate and URLs to show to the user. But in the case of postback, this option starts showing the actual URL in the browser.

URL routing was introduced in ASP.NET 3.5. Developers had to create different route handler classes depending on the number of URL routings for a website. The postback issue was solved with this URL routing option.

In ASP.NET 4.0, you do not need to define separate handler classes for each routing. There is a built-in helper function MapPageRoute which helps you to implement routing more quickly. These routes are registered on Application_Start. For example, in this example, in global.asax, the SetRouting method sets routing, the first parameter is the router's friendly name, the second parameter is to check for the URL pattern to match, and the third is the ASPX page where this functionality would be implemented for the users.

Global.asax would be:

protected void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e) 
{ 
    SetRouting(System.Web.Routing.RouteTable.Routes); 
} 
private void SetRouting(System.Web.Routing.RouteCollection routeCollection) 
{ 
    routeCollection.MapPageRoute("RouteFriendlyName", 
        "MyWebsite/RequestParameterName",
        "~/Book.aspx"); 
    // you can add other page routes with different names and combinations here 
}

Now, Book.aspx would use the following code to proceed further:

string Parameter = Page.RouteData.Values["RequestParameterName"].ToString(); 

if (Parameter=="Chemistry"){....} 
else if (Parameter=="Physics"){....}

Now, if we navigate to localhost/MyWebsite/Chemistry, it will go to the first if condition.

Add Reference Dialog


In previous versions of Visual Studio, on opening the Add Reference dialog box, it will take some time to load .NET assembly files initially till the time it loads all the references from the GAC. In VS2010, on opening Add Reference, it opens the Projects tab by default.

If you click on the .NET or COM tab by mistake, you still have an option of canceling it before it loads all the assemblies. So, the VS IDE does not freeze like before.

Compressing Session Values


ASP.NET session out-of-process state values are saved in a database or on the server. These are saved in a serialized format. Bigger session values consume more resources to be sent to the server. Now, those can be compressed with a new built-in property compressionEnabled. This attribute for the sessionState element can be mentioned in the web.config, like this:

<sessionState
  mode="SQLServer" 
  stateConnectionString="connectionstring goes here" 
  compressionEnabled="true"/>

This option would be available for out-of-process sessions.

Improvements in C# 4.0


C# in .NET Framework 4.0 has some more things to offer. These are:

  • Dynamic lookup
  • Named
  • Optional parameters

Dynamic Lookup

There is a new static type named dynamic. We can use it as object of any type. If there is any error on its usage, we would get it on runtime only. For example:

dynamic integerValue = 1; 
dynamic stringValue = " a string"; 
dynamic Result = integerValue + stringValue;

Output of this would be: 1 a string.

But, if you change the last line to:

dynamic Result = integerValue & stringValue;

You will not get any compilation error, but the following error on runtime:

Operator '&' cannot be applied to operands of type 'int' and 'string'

Optional Parameters

To implement optional parameters, we used to create overloaded functions before ASP.NET 4, but now, optional parameters are no more a restriction in C#. Like VB, optional parameters must be mentioned last. For example:

public void FunctionOptionalParam(string Name, int Age, string Country = "") 

and we can call them without mentioning the value for the optional parameter.

FunctionOptionalParam("My Full Name",20);

Named Parameters

Named parameters allow you to ignore the parameter order and mention parameters with names in a different order. For example:

public void FunctionNamedParam(int x, int y , int z)

On function call, it would be:

FunctionNamedParam(x:1, z:3, y:2);

Although we are sending a value for the parameter z before its order in the function declaration, but these would be equal to x=1, y=2, z=3.

Meta Tags


The HtmlMeta class can be used to add HTML meta tags dynamically. HTMLMeta's Name, Content properties can be used to add any meta tag name and its values dynamically on runtime.

In ASP.NET 4.0, the Page class has two more properties: MetaDescription and MetaKeywords. These can be used to add meta values in HTML on runtime for the description and keyword elements. These can be mentioned as page attributes in HTML, or in this way:

Page.MetaDescription = "this is meta description";
Page.MetaKeywords = "this is a meta keyword";

If we see the HTML generated for this, it would be:

<head>
<meta name="description" content="this is meta description " />
<meta name="keywords" content="this is a meta keyword" />
</head>

Generating Client IDs


Client IDs for web controls are generated dynamically based on their parent controls. So if we use a textbox inside a web user control in a WebForm, we have to see what ID is generated for it and use it in the client script accordingly.

Sometimes, these are dynamic, or in the case of changing the user control name, it changes the ID for the child control as well. In ASP.NET 4.0, this problem is solved by the ClientIDMode attribute for the page. It has the following possible values: AutoID, Static, Predictable, and Inherit.

  • AutoID: It is the default setting for a webpage, and works like in the previous versions of ASP.NET.
  • Static: It sets the static IDs for the web control, so we do not have to worry about the parent control ID and so on if we are referencing it in JavaScript.

    For example, a TextBox inside a user control and one outside it with ClientIDMode set to Static:

    <asp:TextBox ID="textbox1" 
         runat="server" clientIDMode="Static"></asp:TextBox> 
    
    <uc1:WebUserControl ID="WebUserControl1" runat="server" />

    And this user control is the container for TextBox2:

    <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox2" 
       ClientIDMode="Static" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

    This code will generate the following HTML:

    <input name="ctl00$MainContent$textbox1" 
      type="text" id="textbox1" /> 
    <input name="ctl00$MainContent$WebUserControl1$TextBox2" 
      type="text" id="TextBox2" />

    If we remove the ClientIDMode set to static, the output would be like this:

    <input name="ctl00$MainContent$textbox1" 
      type="text" id="MainContent_textbox1" />

    It will generate the ID for TextBox as it does in previous versions of ASP.NET.

  • Predictable: If we use Predictable as ClientIDMode for web controls inside a GridView or ListView, then it will concatenate the GridView ID with the control ID and the value of the column mentioned in the ClientIDRowSuffiex attribute:
    Gridview ID ="GridView1"
    ClientIDMode="Predictable"
    ClientIDRowSuffix="ItemID"

    If there is a Label in the GridView template column having the ID Label1 and it is bound with the ItemID column, it will generate an ID, GridView1_Label1_200.

    If we use the ClientIDMode value of Predictable for web controls outside databound controls:

    <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server" 
      ClientIDMode="Predictable"></asp:TextBox>
    
    <asp:Panel ID="panel1" runat="server">
    
    <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox2" runat="server" 
      ClientIDMode="Predictable"></asp:TextBox> 
    
    </asp:Panel>

    You can see the output of the web controls in the panel and outside the panel.

    <input name="ctl00$MainContent$TextBox1" 
      type="text" id="MainContent_TextBox1" />
    
    <div id="MainContent_panel1">
    
    <input name="ctl00$MainContent$TextBox1" 
      type="text" id="MainContent_TextBox1" />
    
    </div>

    It will generate the ID for all the web controls concatenated with the ID of the content panel of the child page.

  • Inherit: Web controls, by default, inherit from the parent container ID. Controls can override this attribute of the parent as well if we set a different value for ClientModeID.

Permanent Redirect


In a situation where we want to redirect users to a newly developed page if current page is obsolete, we can use Response.Redirect to shift the page to a new page. But in this case, search engines keep the old information of the page in their indexes for search. Also, if a user navigates to this page, he would be redirected to this page and then to a new page with the help of Response.Redriect.

But in ASP.NET 4.0, a new command Response.RedirectPermanent can be used to change the header information for the page on the server. So, if a user goes for a page, he is directly redirected to new page and it saves a double trip for him.

Similarly, search engines, on re-indexing of that website and page, finds the updated header and updates the information in their index and shows the updated information on search.

New Browser Definitions


During the last few years of ASP.NET 3.5, a few browsers have been introduced including Google Chrome and those which support Blackberry SmartPhones as well. ASP.NET 4.0's HTTPBrowserCapabilities class is updated with the support for new browsers.

Publishing a Project


In VS2010, if you click the Properties link in Solution Explorer, you will find three new tabs:

  1. Package/Publish
  2. Deploy SQL
  3. Silverlight Applications

I will discuss about the first two options.

Package/Publish

Package, Publish options provide you settings for the publish and package commands. The configuration option for Debug, Release provides options to set these values on compilation and build like in previous versions.

If the hosting server does not have SQL Express, or if you do not want to include those in the published files, then select Exclude files from the App_Data folder. If you select the option Create a web package as a ZIP file, it will create a zip file to be deployed. Otherwise, it would be an unzipped folder by default.

The default package folder is created under the obj folder of the application. It is not be shown by default in the Solution Explorer until you select the Show all files option. We can also set the web application name on the server and the destination server physical path as well.

Deploy SQL

The Deploy SQL option allows you to set the connection string as part of the deployed package. You can add the connection strings manually with different names and values, or import from the web.config by clicking the Import button. You can choose the script for Schema Only or the database option as well. On selection of a connection string, it shows the source settings and we can set the values for the destination server.

You can also add database script files manually by clicking the Add button. You can also change the order of SQL files to run on server.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Abdul Sami, PMP
Software Developer (Senior)
Pakistan Pakistan
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralNice Article PinmemberAumil18-Jan-10 21:53 
GeneralRe: Nice Article PinmemberAbdul Sami_18-Jan-10 23:25 
GeneralRe: Nice Article PinmemberAbdul Sami_18-Jan-10 23:26 
NewsGood work Pinmemberneal12315-Jan-10 19:56 
GeneralRe: Good work PinmemberAbdul Sami_15-Jan-10 21:03 
GeneralNice article. PinmemberRavi Kallamadi12-Jan-10 6:09 
GeneralRe: Nice article. PinmemberAbdul Sami_12-Jan-10 7:28 
GeneralNice thank you for sharing PinmemberWimmo12-Jan-10 2:04 
GeneralRe: Nice thank you for sharing PinmemberAbdul Sami_12-Jan-10 3:02 
GeneralRe: Nice thank you for sharing [modified] PinmemberWimmo12-Jan-10 4:24 
GeneralRe: Nice thank you for sharing PinmemberHypermommy19-Jan-10 4:52 
GeneralRe: Nice thank you for sharing PinmemberAbdul Sami_19-Jan-10 6:38 
Rantgood articles PinmemberMember 334357512-Jan-10 1:44 
GeneralRe: good articles PinmemberAbdul Sami_12-Jan-10 4:24 
Thanks Smile | :)
 
Abdul Sami

GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberMember 159746311-Jan-10 22:04 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 PinmemberAbdul Sami_11-Jan-10 22:53 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberMember 100884111-Jan-10 21:40 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 PinmemberAbdul Sami_11-Jan-10 22:49 
GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberHimaBindu Vejella7-Jan-10 23:24 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 PinmemberAbdul Sami_8-Jan-10 1:20 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 PinmemberAbdul Sami_8-Jan-10 3:56 
GeneralChange title of article PinmemberHimaBindu Vejella7-Jan-10 23:22 
GeneralRe: Change title of article PinmemberAbdul Sami_8-Jan-10 0:56 
GeneralRe: Change title of article PinmemberHimaBindu Vejella8-Jan-10 0:57 
GeneralRe: Change title of article PinmemberAbdul Sami_8-Jan-10 1:20 
GeneralThanks For Sharing.,. PinmemberSrinath G Nath7-Jan-10 19:50 
Generalgood work... Pinmemberahkayastha7-Jan-10 10:56 
GeneralRe: good work... PinmemberAbdul Sami_7-Jan-10 11:29 
GeneralThanks Pinmemberatarikg7-Jan-10 8:27 
GeneralRe: Thanks PinmemberAbdul Sami_7-Jan-10 8:33 
GeneralWaiting for new version of visual studio Pinmemberhaadikhan27-Jan-10 3:50 
GeneralRe: Waiting for new version of visual studio PinmemberAbdul Sami_7-Jan-10 10:40 
AnswerThanks for new features PinmemberDmitry Vitkovsky7-Jan-10 3:36 
GeneralGood work PinmemberAbhishek Sur7-Jan-10 2:13 
GeneralRe: Good work PinmemberAbdul Sami_7-Jan-10 9:44 

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