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Simple Singleton Forms

, 15 Sep 2003
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Simple way to work with singleton forms

Introduction

When I started with VB.NET a few years ago, one of the things I missed was how to deal with forms where you only want one instance open at the same time. I read a lot of articles concerning Singleton forms etc, which was all complicated and the result was not easy to use. At the end I found a very simple way to do this. Maybe too easy !

Solution

The trick is realy very simple. I just make a class with Public Shared variables with as type the Forms itself.

Public Class clsGlobals
#Region "Singleton Forms"
    Public Shared frmStockSelection As frmStockSelection
    Public Shared frmSettings As frmSettings
#End Region
End Class

These public shared variables will be usable eveywhere in your code. You do not create a new instance from this class. Call the variable by using the class name as shown in the next bit of code.

The code to open the Singleton Form is also very simple. The only thing to do is to check if the variable is not nothing, if not create a new instance. You have to use Focus to get your form to the foreground in case an instance was already existing but maybe hidden behind other windows.

If clsGlobals.frmSettings Is Nothing Then
    clsGlobals.frmSettings = New frmSettings
End If
clsGlobals.frmSettings.Show()
clsGlobals.frmSettings.Focus()

One more thing we have to do to make this work, the variable must be set back to nothing in case we close the form. This we can do in the Dispose sub of the form. After Dispose we can safely set the Form to nothing.

'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
    If disposing Then
        If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
            components.Dispose()
        End If
    End If
    MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    clsGlobals.frmSettings = Nothing
End Sub

Another option is to keep the Form open in memory. This is very handy for Forms, like a little calculator for example where you don't want to start with a clear form every time.
The way to do this is to avoid the close the form and hide it. e.Cancel = True will stop the form from closing.

Private Sub frm_Closing(ByVal sender As Object, _
  ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles MyBase.Closing
    Me.Hide()
    e.Cancel = True
End Sub

Maybe the purist readers will not 100% agree with this approach, but for me it works very well. 

License

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About the Author

Peter Verijke
Founder Computech bvba
Belgium Belgium
I´m a freelance ICT consultant and Technical Project Manager for the last 15 years already.
Before that, I was a Software Developer for the Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical industry.
I developed a very wide knowledge in the ICT world due to my intrest.
This includes Networking (Lan, Wan), Routing Switching Bridging, etc...
Windows environment, which has no secrets for me.
Developing: To many languages to mension here.
Of course, the latest one on the list is dot net.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralAlso check this out (MDI forms)! PinmemberSire40414-Dec-04 8:56 
GeneralSingletons PinmemberAdam Byrne22-Sep-03 23:11 
GeneralRe: Singletons Pinmemberashleyb18-Jan-04 11:33 
Hi Adam
 
I tried the same in C3 but when I close the client form & try to re-open it, I always get a message 'cannot access a disposed object - nameofform',
which is why I was searching on this subject. The context is in an MDI application: I am applying a singleton pattern to forms that should not have more than one instance open (eg: the login form).
 
Any ideas?
 
Thanks
GeneralRe: Singletons PinmemberAdam Byrne19-Jan-04 6:31 
GeneralRe: Singletons Pinmemberashleyb19-Jan-04 8:18 
GeneralRe: Singletons PinmemberAdam Byrne20-Jan-04 0:20 
GeneralRe: Singletons Pinmemberashleyb20-Jan-04 9:23 
AnswerRe: Singletons Pinmembervdewisme6-May-09 23:11 
GeneralRe: Singletons PinmemberPeter Verijke7-May-09 11:00 
GeneralRe: Singletons Pinmembervdewisme7-May-09 21:46 

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