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ID3 Tag Reader Using Shell Functions

, 21 Sep 2003 Public Domain
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Utility to read ID3 tags from MP3 files using Windows Shell functions.

Introduction

This article describes another alternative for reading and displaying ID3 tags in MP3 files. There are various well documented methods of extracting ID3 tag information from MP3 files available. One of the most useful sites regarding this information is http://www.id3.org. This article will explore the possibility of extracting the same information using Win32 Shell functions.

Background

The Shell32.dll is responsible for a host of functions from launching applications to creating shortcuts and managing printers. You can read more about all the wonderful functionality it offers here. With Windows XP, users get the option of selecting a wide variety of columns to display when Explorer is in "Detail" view. Most of the extra columns are centered around multimedia files such as MP3 tracks and digital pictures. By way of the functionality provided in Shell32.dll, it is possible to display ID3 tag information for MP3 audio files and embedded EXIF information in JPEG picture files.

Using the code

The basic functionality of the ID3 tag reader is implemented as a struct with a single static ReadID3Tags method that returns a user defined MP3File object. It is beneficial to implement legacy COM wrapper functionality in a struct, as struct types get allocated in the heap and hence are exempt from garbage collection. They are also lightweight (compared to object instances), as they relieve the CLR from the task of reference counting.

We begin by adding a reference to Shell32.dll.

The MP3File class is basically a skeleton placeholder for the ID3 information returned from our Shell32 wrapper.

using System;
namespace ShellID3Reader {
    public class MP3File {
        private string fileName;
        private string artistName;
        private string albumName;
        private int trackNumber;
        private string songTitle; 

        public string FileName {
             get{return this.fileName;}
            set{this.fileName = value;}
        }
        public string ArtistName {
            get{return this.artistName;}
            set{this.artistName = value;}
        }
        public string AlbumName {
            get{return this.albumName;}
            set{this.albumName = value;}
        }
        public int TrackNumber {
             get{return this.trackNumber;}
            set{this.trackNumber = value;}
        }
        public string SongTitle {
             get{return this.songTitle;}
            set{this.songTitle = value;}
        }
        public MP3File(){
        }
    }
}

The ShellID3TagReader struct is responsible for reading the ID3 tags from MP3 files. Its takes the full file path and name as an input parameter and returns an instance of MP3File after decorating its properties, with information extracted from the Windows shell.

using System;
namespace ShellID3Reader
{
    public struct ShellID3TagReader
    {
        public static MP3File ReadID3Tags(string FileFullPath){
            MP3File mp3File = new MP3File();

            //parse file name
            string fileName = 
              FileFullPath.Substring(FileFullPath.LastIndexOf("\\")+1);
            //parse file path
            string filePath = 
              FileFullPath.Substring(0,FileFullPath.LastIndexOf("\\"));
            //create shell instance
            Shell32.Shell shell  = new Shell32.ShellClass();
            //set the namespace to file path
            Shell32.Folder folder = shell.NameSpace(filePath);
            //get ahandle to the file
            Shell32.FolderItem folderItem = folder.ParseName(fileName);
            //did we get a handle ?
            if (folderItem !=null){
                mp3File.FileName = fileName;
                //query information from shell regarding file
                mp3File.ArtistName = folder.GetDetailsOf(folderItem,9);
                mp3File.AlbumName = folder.GetDetailsOf(folderItem,17);
                mp3File.SongTitle = folder.GetDetailsOf(folderItem,10);
                mp3File.TrackNumber = 
                  Int32.Parse(folder.GetDetailsOf(folderItem,19));
            }
            //clean ip
            folderItem = null;
            folder = null;
            shell = null;
            //return mp3File instance
            return mp3File;
        }
    }
}

And finally we add the MP3File instance to a ListView for display.

private void cmdReadTags_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) {
            
    listViewFiles.Columns.Clear();
    listViewFiles.Items.Clear();
    listViewFiles.Columns.Add("FileName",100,HorizontalAlignment.Left); 
    listViewFiles.Columns.Add("ArtistName",100,HorizontalAlignment.Left); 
    listViewFiles.Columns.Add("AlbumName",100,HorizontalAlignment.Left); 
    listViewFiles.Columns.Add("TrackNumber",100,HorizontalAlignment.Left); 
    listViewFiles.Columns.Add("SongTitle",100,HorizontalAlignment.Left); 
            
    DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(textBoxFilePath.Text);
    FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles("*.mp3");
    foreach(FileInfo fi in files){
        MP3File mp3File = ShellID3TagReader.ReadID3Tags(fi.FullName);
        ListViewItem itm = new ListViewItem();
        itm.Text = mp3File.FileName;
        itm.SubItems.Add(mp3File.ArtistName);
        itm.SubItems.Add(mp3File.AlbumName );
        itm.SubItems.Add(mp3File.TrackNumber.ToString()) ;
        itm.SubItems.Add(mp3File.SongTitle);
        listViewFiles.Items.Add(itm);
    }
}

History

  • Sept 23 2003 - Initial version (1.0.0)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under A Public Domain dedication

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About the Author

Erhan Hosca
Web Developer JPMorgan Chase & Co.
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pinmembersnsrkrishna16-Sep-11 7:13 
Generala simple tutorial Pinmembersandeepparekh30-May-11 16:51 
GeneralProblem with multiple artists PinmemberSoundman32.228-Aug-08 3:59 
GeneralCode that works with Vista and XP, using Shell32 PinmemberJavawag20-Aug-08 6:32 
QuestionIs there any way to retrieve the year? Pinmembertequilalove28-Apr-08 0:28 
AnswerRe: Is there any way to retrieve the year? PinmemberErhan Hosca11-May-08 15:56 
year is 18 ...
GeneralIDs seem to have changed in Vista PinmemberDylanV21-Dec-07 13:41 
GeneralVista item indexes. PinmemberDylanV21-Dec-07 13:40 
GeneralRe: Vista item indexes. PinmemberStephenQF25-Jan-09 19:57 
GeneralA few tips Pinmemberreinux26-Oct-06 22:16 

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