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Web Service and Script Service

, 26 Jan 2013
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Web service and script service

Most of you are familiar with writing a web service using C#. Visual Studio provides the project template which easily creates a web service for you.

I’m sure you may know how to call this web service using C#. But do you know how to call the web service using client side scripts such as JavaScript? There are various ways to do this. I will demonstrate this using jQuery$.ajax() function.

function callSvc() {
    $.ajax({
        type: "POST",
        url: "Service1.asmx/HelloWorld",
        data: "",
        contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
        dataType: "json",
        success: function(data, status) { alert(data); },
        error: function(request, status, error) { alert(request); alert(status); alert(error); }
    });
} 

When you call the HelloWorld() service, by default you will get “500 – Internal server error” error message.

This error is raised because you haven’t configured this service to access using client side scripts. When you check the responseText , you will notice that it says “Only Web services with a [ScriptService] attribute on the class definition can be called from script.

To resolve this, you have to configure your web service with [ScriptService] attribute.

[System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptService]
public class Service1 : System.Web.Services.WebService

When adding [ScriptService] attribute to the web service, it gets automatically handled by the ScriptHandlerFactory and creates a JavaScript proxy class for the web service. That means, you will be able to call the web service from the client side script in the same way as you call it from the code behind. You can view the generated proxy class by using the following command:

http://<URL>/SimpleWebService.asmx/js
http://<URL>/SimpleWebService.asmx/jsdebug

Compare the generated proxy class with the service description (http://<URL>/Service1.asmx?WSDL) and let me know what you noticed.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Tharaka MTR
Technical Lead Eyepax IT Consulting (Pvt) Ltd.
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Having more than 9 year hands-on industry experience in software development
Responsible for designing, implementing and managing complex software systems with stringent up-time requirement.

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Comments and Discussions

 
Questionwell done Pinmemberwshcdr4-Sep-13 16:25 
AnswerRe: well done PinprofessionalTharaka MTR4-Sep-13 22:50 
QuestionThe zipped solution worked Pinmemberfdogo10-Jan-13 17:15 
AnswerRe: The zipped solution worked PinmemberTharaka MTR10-Jan-13 17:30 
QuestionCan't use the script just out of the block PinmemberThanasis Ioannidis8-Jan-13 13:16 
AnswerRe: Can't use the script just out of the block PinmemberTharaka MTR10-Jan-13 6:55 
GeneralRe: Can't use the script just out of the block PinmemberThanasis Ioannidis22-Jan-13 3:49 
GeneralRe: Can't use the script just out of the block PinmemberTharaka MTR22-Jan-13 7:24 

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