Click here to Skip to main content
Click here to Skip to main content

The Code Snippet Composer for Visual Studio®

, 4 Jan 2013
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
Quick and error free access to essential snippet code!

Picture: 1

Introduction

There are several ways Visual Studio manages inserting of defined code in projects. Code snippets are one of it. A lot of functions in the MS IDE and other extensions are written with snippets. Having commands or “pages” of tested code at the fingertips, respectively accessible by pressing a few keys, is a fabulous thing. Auto-complete in Visual Studio is a great example and works with snippets. Snippet files (*.snippet) often contain several snippets in form of a container.

The Code Snippet Composer offers the user the whole facility of generating snippets without having to get bothered about the syntax of the snippet itself. Typing mistakes in the syntax of a snippet result in the rejection of Visual Studio to accept the snippet file and hence the snippets are not available. The search for errors in the snippet starts all over again. The Code Snippet Composer itself deals with the syntax of the snippet, and the user can fully focus on the programming code. Where HTML syntax is used can be found in <Declarations>. The declaration syntax is generated by the composer so the user has only to add the desired text.

The Code Snippet Composer finds the installed version(s) of Visual Studio by itself and offers in addition access to the user snippet folder. This folder can be declared in the configuration file but that is not mandatory.

A whole variety of facilities are offered in the code editors as code complete, bookmarks, syntax highlighting and several actions found in the context menus pending on which editor is in use. The already defined words are shown in the auto complete list. Additional words for code complete can be added in the configuration file. That keeps code completion flexible over time. Copy the configuration file on to a new PC and all your commands are available. No reentering needed. Copy the Snippet files over, import them in Visual Studio and use them right away.

The Code Snippet Composer was written as an external tool, thus is not Visual Studio version dependent and does not load up the IDE or the Windows registry additionally. It can be installed under IDE in the Tools menu and be copied in any directory on the hard disk.

Currently the composer is written for C# snippets.

The cost? Well use it, it has no serial number!

The Code Snippet Composer was written for wide screens, 20.5” will be ideal. Closing the folder view will reduce the width, thus makes some more space for smaller screens.

The Code Snippet Composer in action shows several areas (Picture: 1):

  1. The folder view: Snippet folders are shown and include installed Visual Studio versions.
  2. The snippets area: Shows an opened snippet container with a snippet declaration.
  3. The snippet header: On the right side with mandatory and optional fields.
  4. Buttons: For saving, opening, deleting and creating snippets.

In the picture 1, the HTML tag’s where auto generated by the Snippet Composer.

Managing snippet files

Picture: 2

Where are the Visual Studio Snippet main folders located?

For Visual Studio 2010 to 2012:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio (version)\VC#\Snippets
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio (version)\\VB\Snippets
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio (version)\\Web\Snippets
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio (version)\\Xml\1033\Snippets

For Visual Studio 2012 additionally:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC\Snippets
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\JavaScript\Snippets

-The installation of Visual Studio 2012 overwrites the installation of Visual 2011 but creates or renames the version 2011 folder to a Visual Studio 2012 snippet user folder.

For Visual Studio Extensions additionally:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio (version)\
     Common7\IDE\Extensions\Microsoft\SQLEditor\Snippets

For the user folder

C:\Users\ht\Documents\Visual Studio (version)\Code Snippets

All snippet files from a folder are read into Visual Studio when Snippets are imported. Visual Studio allows multiple snippets having the identical names. So files copied in these folders as a backup, e.g., (xxx.snippet) must be renamed to e.g., (xxx.txt). Otherwise the snippets show double or multiple in Visual Studio and contribute to the confusion of the programmer. Snippet files are loaded newly into Visual Studio at every startup, so Snippet files can be edited whilst Visual Studio is not running.

Opening, closing and deleting of a snippet file or folder:

In the folder view:

Double click on a snippet file or right click to choose a different folder from the context menu. The context menu shows the snippet folders from the Visual Studio version(s) installed. The title above the folder view hints which folder is displayed. In case this reads User Snippets, the folder will be the standard user folder in “C:\Users\(User)\Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Code Snippets” or, if defined, the specified folder in the configuration.

With buttons:

A standard file opening dialog will be shown to open a snippet file in a different folder. Click the save button to save any opened snippet or snippet container.

Deleting a Snippet or Snippet folder removes the item permanent from the drive! This can be invoked over the menu or by pressing the DEL key.

The folder view can be closed in the context menu of the folder view. To reopen it, right click on the main form which will show its context menu. This is also the menu to open the configuration editor.

Picture: 3

The Snippet Header:

Picture: 4

This is located on the right side of the snippet editors.

Mandatory fields are: Version, Encoding, Help URL, Format, Title, Shortcut and Language type.

The snippet type is mandatory only if the snippet is a surrounding or refactory snippet. These fields, except the title, are auto generated by the composer or read from the snippet file.

Hint: Using a leading underscore in the title allows elegant distinguishing between Visual Studio and own snippets during the auto complete process as they are grouped at the start of the list.

Author and description are extra snippet information.

The shortcut is invoked when in the Visual Studio code editor the shortcut text is typed in followed by pressing the tab key which executes the snippet code. When code completion is enabled in Visual Studio then the shortcut text also appears in the completion list.

Delimiter is the surrounding character for variables used in the program code editor. E.g. %variable1%. Typing Shift + Ctrl + % in the code editor inserts a variable statement.

The Snippet Code Editor:

Picture: 5

A snippet container was opened and the first snippet taken into a fully featured code container. Two bookmarks where set and the context menu activated. All this took 5 mouse clicks only! One more click and a full snippet including declarations is created.

Tip: If at any place in the code editor a “%” is pressed, an automatic variable and in declarations a new literal will be inserted. If no HTML editor is open one will be created.

Insert Literal Body / Object Body:

This will open a HTML editor above the code editor and insert the body into the editor.

Picture: 6

The HTML editor supports syntax, bookmarks, highlighting and code complete. Shortcuts as Ctrl + [ and Ctrl + ] are disabled in the HTML code editor. Additional tags can be entered in the configuration. This should not be necessary as snippets are edited but who knows.

Special attention was given to the code editors.

Here a list of shortcuts for the code editor, available by pressing F1.

Picture: 7

The Configuration Editor:

Picture: 8

The configuration is dealt with as it would be a snippet. It is highly case sensitive. Syntax highlighting and code complete are disabled as the configuration file is a plain ASCII file (config.txt) in the program folder. If this file is missing, run the Code Snippet Composer and it will be generated.

Each line starting with an asterisk or a blank line is a remark line. Blank lines also serve as delimiter for a definition.

Start page:

If the following line is empty then the snippet folder “C:\Users\(User)\Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Code Snippets” is used.

Leave an empty line after any declaration as delimiter.

HTML tags:

As the Code Snippet Composer deals with snippets only, these tags are already defined internally and the definition can be left empty. If tag’s are entered then they need to be put each on one line.

END HTML tags:      

Is the delimiter for the HTML definition and is mandatory.

C# elements:

Represents a group of 4 different (Snippets, DeclarationSnippets, Methods, Keywords) definitions. See (Predefined words for the code editors);

END C# elements: Is a mandatory entry on the last line of all declarations.

Record and Replay

The Code Snippet Composer contains a record and replay functionality. The recorder function is activated in the configuration file if a line contains the word “Trace:”. This function captures the activities in the composer directly and does not hook Windows in any way. This is useful if a crash did happen. The Code Snippet Composer realizes when an abnormal termination occurred and asks if a replay shall be executed on the next startup. Keystrokes are not recorded. Thus minimal loss can occur as if changes in the last edited code have not been saved. Playback runs at full speed, so it might cause a bit a flashing screen activity.

Exit Menu:

The Code Snippet Composer does not know of any standard menu nor is there a serial number, a registration, a help or help file etc. It is a straight to the job mentality. It is written for programmers, for outmost speed and comfort. What shows is the editor help box width the editor commands upon clicking the main form. Only the absolute necessary is put on the form and this is facilitated.

That is the exit button!

Picture: 9

You will find it in the upper right corner of the application! Right? Of course, in case you did not save the file yet, you will get a reminder.

Predefined internal words for the code editors.

Html Tags:

"<Declarations>", "</Declarations>", "<Literal>", "</Literal>", "<ID>", "</ID>", "<ToolTip>", "</ToolTip>", "<Default>", "</Default>", "<Function>", "</Function>", "<Literal Editable=”false”>", "<Literal Editable=”true”>", "<ID></ID>", "ToolTip></ToolTip>", "<Default></Default>", "<Function></Function>"

Keywords:

"abstract", "as", "base", "bool", "break", "byte", "case", "catch", "char", "checked", "class", "const", "continue", "decimal", "default", "delegate", "do", "double", "else", "enum", "event", "explicit", "extern", "false", "finally", "fixed", "float", "for", "foreach", "goto", "if", "implicit", "in", "int", "interface", "internal", "is", "lock", "long", "namespace", "new", "null", "object", "operator", "out", "override", "params", "private", "protected",public", "readonly", "ref", "return", "sbyte", "sealed", "short", "sizeof", "stackalloc", "static", "string", "struct", "switch", "this", "throw", "true", "try", "typeof", "uint", "ulong", "unchecked", "unsafe", "ushort", "using", "virtual", "void", "volatile", "while", "add", "alias", "ascending", "descending", "dynamic", "from", "get", "global", "group", "into", "join", "let", "orderby", "partial", "remove", "select", "set", "value", "var", "where", "yield"

Methods:

"Equals()", "GetHashCode()", "GetType()", "ToString()"

Snippets:

"if(^)\n{\n;\n}", "if(^)\n{\n;\n}\nelse\n{\n;\n}", "for(^;;)\n{\n;\n}", "while(^)\n{\n;\n}", "do${\n^;\n}while();", "switch(^)\n{\ncase : break;\n}"

DeclarationSnippets:

"public class ^\n{\n}", "private class ^\n{\n}", "internal class ^\n{\n}", "public struct ^\n{\n;\n}", "private struct ^\n{\n;\n}", "internal struct ^\n{\n;\n}", "public void ()\n{\n;\n}", "private void ^()\n{\n;\n}", "internal void ^()\n{\n;\n}", "protected void ^()\n{\n;\n}","public ^{ get; set; }", "private ^{ get; set; }", "internal ^{ get; set; }", "protected ^{ get; set;

Localization:

The Snippet Composer GUI is available in English only. Programmers have no trouble with that.

Other:

Getting the snippets into Visual Studio? In the IDE select the menu Tools, Code Snippet Manager, or hit Ctrl +K Ctrl + B. Then click on Import and find your snippet file. The next step is selecting the category to put the snippet into. Or restart Visual Studio. Should this fail, there is still an error in the snippet file. Test the snippets now and modify them as desired.

Contributors

Liability

There is absolute no warranty what so ever implied or assumed. Use it at your own risk. It does a marvelous job for the author.

Trademarks

Copyrights and Trademarks shall belong to their respective owners. I am not going to fight over that!

References:

  • Farsi (Pavеl Tоrgаshоv) tp_soft[at]mail.ru
  • Visual Studio® 2010 and .NET 4 six in one www.wiley.com
  • Visual Studio Help (F1 in the IDE)

Special thanks:

Thanks to Farsi (Pavеl Tоrgаshоv) which provided the (skeleton for a useful) code editor and my gal’s allowing me plenty of time to code.

Motto: It’s not the developer’s duty to pay up for the engineer’s ignorance.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

cyprussun

Philippines Philippines
Grew up in a metal processing company and did industrial HW/SW development since the birth of Intel’s 8080. Lectured IT since 1986 at several levels. Hobbies, sidesteps: Woodworking and deep sea diving. Background: ASM, C, C++. Platforms: Win, Novel, CP/M, MP/M, DOS, (Linux).
 
It’s not the developer’s duty to pay up for the engineer’s ignorance.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralComplete project Download Pinmembercyprussun12-Mar-13 19:06 
QuestionNot working? Pinmembercyprussun16-Feb-13 21:00 
QuestionDear Member 9488307 Pinmembercyprussun9-Feb-13 20:54 
GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberMember 94883074-Jan-13 10:55 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Mobile
Web04 | 2.8.140709.1 | Last Updated 4 Jan 2013
Article Copyright 2013 by cyprussun
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2014
Terms of Service
Layout: fixed | fluid