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Automated Login for Remote Desktop Mobile

, 17 Jun 2010
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Automate windows and dialogs and mouse clicks on Windows Mobile

Remote Desktop Mobile autologin

As you may know, Remote Desktop Mobile (RDM) does not support auto-login. But sometimes you may want that a user does not change settings and is directly connected to a Terminal Server. Ruggedized devices are often used in warehouses and the IT structure uses a terminal server to gather data and manage goods. Although I think Windows Mobile is not the right OS for such barcode scanner devices, you may have no choice and have to use a handheld computer with Windows Mobile instead of one that uses Windows CE. The RDM or Terminal Service Client provided with Windows CE devices is much more flexible and can be configured by the OEM to enable you to auto-login into a Terminal Server (TS).

OK, the challenge was to automate the startup and login of RDM on a Windows Mobile 6.1 device. I started using embedded Visual C++ 4.0 although this is outdated by VS2005 and VS2008.

The idea was to launch the EXE, fill in the values and click the Connect bar.

Finding the Connect Dialog Window

Normally, on desktop windows, windows and their children are located in their own tree (see desktop PC spy++ screenshot). On WM61, I found that the RDM window (class=”TSSHELLWND”) and the Connect dialog (class=”Dialog”) are located side by side below the desktop window (see cespy screenshot). This makes it hard to find the right dialog, especially as the Connect Dialog does not have a unique window title (window text). The windows can be identified as belonging together by their processID.

RDM Connect Dialog

Filling the Fields

Knowing the right window, I was able to set the text entries by knowing their controlIDs (dialogs use ctrlIDs for easier access of the data, see scanTscDialog() in tscDialog.cpp). So the tool I made can fill in all connection details using SetWindowText().

Execute the Connect

The fields are filled with the connection details and now I needed a way to simulate a click onto the connect button (which is a menu in reality) to let the dialog execute a connect. I tried several approaches, the best is to use keyb_event although it works also by sending the TSC window the WM_USER message that is posted by the menu click. I found this WM_USER message within messages of cespy as I tapped on [Connect].

//Solution three, best solution, ensure you use the scancode value too! 
//AFAIK the scancode for F1 is always 0x70
keybd_event(VK_F1, 0x70, 0, 0);
 Sleep(30);
 keybd_event(VK_F1, 0x70, KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0);

I was unable to send TSSHELLWND nor the Dialog a click onto the menu option [Connect]. The menu seems to be not owned by either of these two visible windows. The menu bar looks like it is owned by the desktop window.

Sending the SoftKey1 (F1) was also unsuccessful for window handles of TSSHELLWND and the Connect Dialog.

The Pitfalls

Everything seems to work OK, but sometimes the tool was unable to fill the fields and execute the connect. I did search several hours and then I found that the registry and a file is involved in the connect.

The tool always failed to autoconnect after the first clean boot. So I did a snapshot with the famous free SSNAP by “S-K tools” and found the changes that caused a manual connect to be successful.

Registry Changes

First, the registry will get be changed, if you manually connect. As I did not like to have my tool to emulate a user typing into the fields using keybd_event, I added code, that makes the same changes to the registry (see writeMRU() function in code). There are some more changes in registry, but fortunately I did not have to implement these too (see comments in “tscDialog.cpp”).

RDP file default.rdp

When you fill the connect dialog and then press [Connect] RDM will save your values in a file \Windows\default.rdp. You may know, that rdp files are commonly used on desktop windows to save/load Remote Desktop Session connection data. Yes, WM6.1 does use a similar technique.

The tool had to provide a default.rdp with the data of the connection settings. So I wrote a function to create and write this file from scratch on every start (see writeRDP() in tsc_dialog.cpp and rdp_file.h). As options, like “FullScreen” or “Fit to Screen” are also controlled by the rdp file, I was able to control these settings by code.

Conclusion

So far, the tool works. Don't download if you don't like spaghetti. The code is written as grown.

Usage

Write the correct values for the connection to the registry:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\RDP_autologin]
"FitToScreen"="1"
"FullScreen"="1"
"Status"="connecting..."
"Save Password"="1"
"Domain"=""
"Password"="xxxxxxxxxx"
"Username"="rdesktop"
"Computer"="192.168.0.130"

Then simply start the tool. First it will terminate a running instance of RDM. Then it starts a new instance and starts to fill the fields and do the connect.

Warranty

No warranty, code is provided as is. Hopefully it is useful for the one or other.

Changes

Some values are hard coded, i.e. the control IDs used. These IDs may be different on other devices or within other RDM releases. So far, the code works on my testing device. If you need to change the control IDs, you may use the scanTscDialog() function to get the actual codes listed in the debug window.

Have fun!

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License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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hjgode

Germany Germany
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