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'Wait while loading' message for Java applets

, 24 May 2000
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An article describing JavaScript code that will display a message (i.e. Please Wait...) while a Java Applet is loading. This code is designed to work in both IE and Netscape
<!-- Main HTML starts here -->

Introduction

Ever wish you could replace that unsightly grey box displayed while your Java applet is loading with a message to the user? The following code provides a solution for IE and Netscape. A more complete description follows the code.

  <html>
    <head>
      <title>Your Title Here</title>
    </head>

    <script language="JavaScript">

      <!-- Hide script from old browsers

      function init()
      {
        // Microsoft Internet Explorer
        if (document.all)
        {
          document.all.loading.style.visibility="hidden";
          document.all.myapplet.style.visibility="visible";
          document.applets[0].repaint();
        }
        // Netscape Navigator
        else
        {
          document.loading.visibility="hide";
          document.myapplet.visibility="visible";
        }
      }

      // -->
    </script>

    <style type="text/css">

      #loading {
        position:absolute;
        left:150;
        top:200;
      }

      #myapplet {
        position:absolute;
        left:10;
        top:10;
        visibility:hide;
      }

    </style>

    <body onLoad="init()">

      <div id="loading">
        <p>Please wait while Java applet loads...</p>
      </div>

      <div id="myapplet" style="visibility:hidden">
        <applet archive="app1.jar" code="app1.class" align="baseline" width="620" height="442">
          <p>Requires a browser that supports Java.</p>
        </applet>
      </div>

    </body>
  </html>

The Solution Explained

First, let's explain exactly what we're trying to do here. We want a message, such as "Please wait while Java applet loads..." to be displayed while the applet is being loaded. This message should appear in the space that will be occupied by the applet, then be replaced by the applet once the applet has loaded.

The code shown above does a number of things to accomplish this.

Two <div> regions are created in the web page. The first contains the text (or image) to display while the applet is loading. The second contains the <applet> tag to load the applet. This second <div> has its visibility style set to hidden. This is required for IE.

      <div id="loading">
        <p>Please wait while Java applet loads...</p>
      </div>

      <div id="myapplet" style="visibility:hidden">
        <applet archive="app1.jar" code="app1.class" align="baseline" width="620" height="442">
        <p>Requires a browser that supports Java.</p>
      </applet>
      </div>

Style sheets are defined for the two <div> tags. They both need positional styles. The style sheet for the <div> containing the <applet> tag also needs visibility set to hide (this is for Netscape). Positioning will have to be customized to the position of your applet, this is not a general solution.

    <style type="text/css">

      #loading {
        position:absolute;
        left:150;
        top:200;
      }

      #myapplet {
        position:absolute;
        left:10;
        top:10;
        visibility:hide;
      }

    </style>

A JavaScript function is defined which is run when the page loads (<body onLoad="init()">). Simply, this function hides the <div> containing the message and shows the <div> containing the applet.

    <script language="JavaScript">

      function init()
      {
        if (document.all)
        {
          document.all.loading.style.visibility="hidden";
          document.all.myapplet.style.visibility="visible";
          document.applets[0].repaint();
        }
        else
        {
          document.loading.visibility="hide";
          document.myapplet.visibility="visible";
        }
      }

    </script>

This method should work equally well to place an image "over" the applet while it's loading.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Glenn S. Peffers
Web Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralSimpleInterest Program in Applet PinmemberMember 870389717-Apr-13 6:40 
General&lt;PARAM name=&quot;progressbar&quot; value=&quot;true&quot;&gt; PinsussAndy Mattice28-Sep-04 13:14 
QuestionEver tired to show and then hide an applet? Pinmembermxc7-Dec-02 20:16 
GeneralLoading message PinmemberRafael_melkor13-Mar-02 9:00 

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Article Copyright 2000 by Glenn S. Peffers
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