With the Classic ASP Framework you will be able to structure your ASP pages pretty much the same way you would do it in ASP.NET. The beauty of the Framework is that it includes most of the controls found in ASP.NET such as the TextBox, Label, GenericHTML, DropDown, CheckBox, CheckBoxList, RadioButtonList,DataRepeater, DataList, DataTable and MORE! The Framework is event driven and supports ViewState!
So, why did I take the time to do this, you may ask, specially when ASP.NET is so great and does everything you need. Well, the main reason is because I work as a consultant and there are still quite a bit of ASP websites around that require maintenance and support. After I learned .NET I felt in love with it and I did not want to code in any other way anymore. So I decided to take the most important pieces of it and create a similar one on Classic ASP.
The main benefits are:
- Coding takes a lot less time, is more readable and easier to maintain.
- Event driven model.
- Simplifies the migration to ASP.NET.
Using the code
Using the code is pretty simple. Just include the "WebControl.asp" file and a reference to each Server Control (each one is wrapped in its own ASP file) that you want to use to your ASP page. After you include the references then you need to write code inside each event you want to handle.
The Form is taken care of by the Framework. Just include FormStart.asp when the form starts and FormEnd.asp when you need to clode the form tag. This two includes will make sure that all necessary hidden fields are included. The last thing that has to be done is to the Main() method (included in the WebControls.asp). This method will do the magic. I call it the "Page Controler" because it coordinates the execution of all the events in the appropriate order. This method should only be called after the declaration of all the includes and BEFORE rendering any control.
The Framework includes several examples that show how it works.
WebControl.asp contains the core classes: WebControl and Page. All controls "inherit" from WebControl (including the Page class). Now, wait a second, inherits in VbScript?. Not really, I "simulated" inheritance by having each WebControl variable inside each Server Control.
In addition to this, you need to register one COM Comnponent (ASPFramework.dll) which is used to encapsulate the ViewState (which is XML), the Base64 functions and the ListItemCollection. It is a VB Class and the source code is provided. The only reason for using a VB Class is for speed purposes. We don't want to encrypt/decrypt in VBScript!.
**List of supported events that can be overloaded (they don't need to be defined!)
Page_Controls_Init 'Ocurrs just once, when the page is first loaded!
For Server Controls
<!--<span class="code-comment">#Include File = "..\WebControl.asp" --></span>
<META NAME="GENERATOR" Content="Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0">
<LINK rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="Samples.css">
<Span Class="Caption">DROPDOWN EXAMPLES</Span>
<!--<span class="code-comment">#Include File = "..\FormStart.asp" --></span>
<%chkHideShow%> | <%chkAutoPostBack%> | <%chkListBox%><HR>
<%cmdAdd%> | <%cmdRemove%>
<!--<span class="code-comment">#Include File = "..\FormEnd.asp" --></span>
<% 'This would normaly go in a another page, but for the sake
'of simplicity and to minimize the number of pages
'I'm including code behind stuff here...
Page.DebugEnabled = False
Public Function Page_Init()
Set lblMessage = New_ServerLabel("lblMessage")
Set cmdAdd = New_ServerLinkButton("cmdAdd")
Set cmdRemove = New_ServerLinkButton("cmdRemove")
Set chkHideShow = New_ServerCheckBox("chkHideShow")
Set chkAutoPostBack = New_ServerCheckBox("chkAutoPostBack")
Set chkListBox= New_ServerCheckBox("chkListBox")
Set cboDropDown = New_ServerDropDown("cboDropDown")
Public Function Page_Controls_Init()
cmdAdd.Text = "Add"
cmdRemove.Text = "Remove"
lblMessage.Control.Style = "border:1px solid blue;
lblMessage.Text = "This is an Example"
chkHideShow.Caption = "Hide/Show List"
chkHideShow.AutoPostBack = True
chkAutoPostBack.Caption = "DropDown AutoPostBack"
chkListBox.Caption = "Make it a list box"
chkListBox.AutoPostBack = True
cboDropDown.DataTextField = "TerritoryDescription"
cboDropDown.DataValueField = "TerritoryID"
Set cboDropDown.DataSource = GetRecordset(
"SELECT TerritoryID,TerritoryDescription FROM
Territories ORDER BY 2")
cboDropDown.DataBind() 'Loads the items collection
'(that will stay in the viewstate)...
Set cboDropDown.DataSource = Nothing 'Clear
cboDropDown.Caption = "Territory:"
cboDropDown.CaptionCssClass = "InputCaption"
Public Function Page_PreRender()
Set msg = New StringBuilder
msg.Append "<B>Selected Value=</B>" &
cboDropDown.Items.GetSelectedText & "<BR>"
msg.Append "<B>Selected Text=</B>" &
cboDropDown.Items.GetSelectedValue & "<BR>"
mx = cboDropDown.Items.Count -1
lblMessage.Text = msg.ToString()
Public Function chkHideShow_Click()
cboDropDown.Control.Visible = Not cboDropDown.Control.Visible
Public Function chkAutoPostBack_Click()
cboDropDown.AutoPostBack = chkAutoPostBack.Checked
Public Function cmdAdd_OnClick()
Public Function cmdRemove_OnClick()
Public Function chkListBox_Click()
if chkListBox.Checked Then
cboDropDown.Rows = 10
cboDropDown.Multiple = True
cboDropDown.Items.Mode = 2
cboDropDown.Rows = 1
cboDropDown.Multiple = False
cboDropDown.Items.Mode = 1
Points of Interest
Developing the core took me about 4-5 days. Each control took me 1-3 hours (with the exception of the DataGrid, which took me a day or two!).
After the whole thing was done I learned quite a few things such as all the tricky things when you restore the viewstate for controls that have a corresponding HTML Input (text boxes, drop downs, etc). They behave differently when they are invisible, disabled, rendered or not rendered... it was quite fun!.
- The current version is 1.3 (production stable)
He is quite "curious" and always wants to know how things work and the "why was it done like this or that, how does this works...", and because of this he is always pursuing to improve his skills so he can know the answers to these questions.
He also likes Martial Arts, finishing and spending time with his wife and daughter. And why not?, playing XBOX from time to time :-P
Christian works as the Microsoft Technologies Manager/Senior Developer for Electronic Knowledge Interchange, a Chicago based Technology Consulting Firm.