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Tips and Tricks for the Visual Studio .NET IDE

By , 3 Feb 2004
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Introduction

A compendium of short cuts, tips and tricks, features, whatcha-may-callits for the Visual Studio .NET IDE.

I love Vim. And the power it gives is almost corrupting. Actually it is corrupting. Which is why I try to see if any editor provides all the functionality provided by Vim. Visual Studio .NET has quite a lot of useful options. Many of them are out there in the open in the menus but I did not see them for long until I went hunting for them. Some others are very obvious, but when I show them to some people, they are amazed that I can do that; so I have included some of those too. So here is a list of useful hints that I gathered. If you have any more, please do send them and I'll add them here with due recognition to the contributor. Smile | :) By the way, I do not take credit for these hints but I will take credit for putting them together from various sources on the net.

1. Record and play temporary macro

Ctrl+Shift+R to record a new temporary macro. Press Ctrl+Shift+R to stop recording. Ctrl+Shift+P to play the recorded macro.

This works similar to *recording* in Vim. If you think you are going to be repeating a set of keyboard keys, then record them once and play them each time after.

2. Multiple copy/pastes

Ctrl+Shift+V cycles through the clipboard ring. You can copy/cut multiple times from one area of code, then go to another area and paste them one after another.

3. Drag and drop code snippets

The Toolbox (Ctrl+Alt+X) window has multiple tabs. You can drag and drop code onto this window and copy it elsewhere. Some tabs do not allow dropping code into them; those that allow will have the appropriate icon. The General tab works for me.

4. Previous cursor positions

Ctrl+- i.e. Ctrl + Hyphen. This cycles you through the code positions you visited.

Ctrl+Shift+- to navigate in the opposite direction.

5. Incremental search

To incrementally search for text as you type, first press Ctrl+i. Then type the word you want to search. Hit backspace to clear a character and enter to finish. Pressing F3 after this will work as usual, i.e. search for the next occurrence of previous search.

Ctrl+i - Ctrl+i works like F3.

6. Matching brace/comment/region/quote

Ctrl+] takes you to the matching brace. It also takes you to the matching comment, region or quote depending on what is at the cursor now.

7. Vertical block selection

Press Alt and then select the area you want with your mouse.

8. Closing/Showing support windows

There are a bunch of necessary/useful windows in the Visual Studio IDE like Properties (F4), Solution Explorer (Ctrl+Alt+L), Output Window (Ctrl+Alt+O), Task List (Ctrl+Alt+K) etc. However, they take up a lot of space. An easy way around this is to use the auto hide feature.

Open the window you want. Right click on its title and choose Auto Hide. The window will dock in whenever your mouse is not hovering over it.

9. Tab groups - group code editor windows

If you have many source code windows open, you can group them logically using tab groups. Right click the tab of the code window and choose New Horizontal Tab Group. This will move the window into a split window, allowing you to see both files. You can add more files to this new tab group and also move files back to the previous group by choosing Move To Previous Tab Group.

10. Track things you have to do with Task List

The Task List window (Ctrl+Alt+K) allows you to keep track of the things you have to do. Right click on the Task List window and choose Show Tasks|All to see a list of tasks. Ctrl+Shift+F12 to cycle through your list of tasks.

By default, comments marked with a TODO will appear in the task list.

11. Edit Task List Comment Tokens

You can add your own set of comment tokens (like the TODO comment token). Goto Tools|Options|Environment|Task List|Comment Tokens and make your changes. You can change the priority appearance of each comment token too.

12. Add Task List Shortcut

Add a shortcut to the task list with Ctrl+K, Ctrl+H. This will add the current line to the task list.

13. Auto-complete

Press Ctrl+Space or Alt+RightArrow to auto-complete the word. Intellisense suggestions may pop up a window if there is more than one possibility.

14. Intellisense suggestions window

Press Ctrl+Shift+Space to bring up the intellisense suggestions window. When giving parameters for functions, I often need to escape the suggestions window to check another part of code. To bring it back, I used to delete a comma and then type it again; but this is easier.

15. Word wrap

Ctrl+R Ctrl+R

or

Tools|Options|Text Editor|All Languages|General|Word Wrap

If you want to set this option for only one language, then choose the appropriate language instead of All Languages.

16. Line numbering

Tools|Options|Text Editor|All Languages|General|Line numbers.

If you want to set this option for only one language, then choose the appropriate language instead of All Languages.

17. Customizing Visual Studio's Code Generation Templates

Customizing Visual Studio's Code Generation Templates.

18. Default Shortcut keys

MSDN.

19. Favorites window

Your IDE also functions as a browser. To see your list of favorites, press Ctrl+Alt+F or choose View|Other Windows|Favorites.

20. Bookmarks

Bookmarks are available through Edit|Bookmarks. Bookmarks allow you to mark places in your code that you would want to come back to.

  • Create/Remove Bookmark - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+K
  • Move to next bookmark - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+N
  • Move to previous bookmark - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+P
  • Clear all bookmarks - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+L

21. Code Formatting

  • Auto-format selection - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+F
  • Convert to lower case - Ctrl+U
  • Convert to upper case - Ctrl+Shift+U
  • Comment selection - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+C
  • Uncomment selection - Ctrl+K, Ctrl+U

22. Outlining

I like this feature that allows me to hide code that is irrelevant to what I'm currently working on.

  • Fold/Unfold the current code block - Ctrl+M, Ctrl+M
  • Unfold all - Ctrl+M, Ctrl+L
  • Stop outlining - Ctrl+M, Ctrl+P
  • Fold all - Ctrl+M, Ctrl+O

23. Build and Debug

  • Build - Ctrl+Shift+B
  • Run - Ctrl+F5
  • Debug - F5
  • Cycle through build errors - F8

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

SathishVJ

France France
~/sathishvj

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMathieu Hicauber25-Jul-13 23:58 
QuestionNice one and good hard work PinprofessionalMarla Sukesh22-Jun-13 9:10 
QuestionCtrl+i - Ctrl+i works like F3 PinmemberMember 1004880313-May-13 5:10 
QuestionTip number 16 - Line number PinmemberCIAP21-Dec-12 1:50 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMateen Khan13-Jun-12 0:30 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pinmembersrinivaskumar pasumarthi23-Sep-11 2:43 
GeneralWonderful List PinmemberSimon Clifton Cardenas4-Jan-11 20:54 
Questionautocomplete PinmemberFrancesco Pasquesi9-Sep-10 22:33 
QuestionHow to open and close a Tool Window in VS 2005 (and beyond) PinmemberSuresh R Iyer14-Jun-09 1:01 
GeneralMore tips. Pinmemberprabir26-May-09 7:10 
AnswerGetting Vi/Vim power from within Visual Studio Pinmemberzcrar7020-Dec-07 2:25 
GeneralCodeWinPos Pinmembermichaelmakuch19-Jul-07 16:36 
GeneralRe: CodeWinPos Pinmemberkovarex21-Oct-07 2:15 
Questionintellisense with my code ? PinmemberChrisRibe13-Jun-07 5:40 
AnswerRe: intellisense with my code ? PinmemberVikash Dubey24-Jul-07 19:22 
GeneralRe: intellisense with my code ? PinmemberChrisRibe30-Jul-07 21:20 
Questiontab position is not remebered Pinmembermikiunu9-May-07 3:46 
AnswerRe: tab position is not remebered PinmemberAndrew Phillips16-May-07 20:59 
GeneralBlock select keyboard shortcut? [modified] PinmemberKen Hadden1-May-07 5:35 
GeneralRename Pinmembernotbono17-Apr-07 14:55 
GeneralRe: Rename PinmemberK.L.K15-Apr-08 14:15 
GeneralBookmarks PinmemberdankoGreiner14-Jul-06 0:10 
GeneralRe: Bookmarks PinmemberPeter Wucherer18-Apr-07 22:42 
GeneralRe: Bookmarks PinmemberAndrew Phillips16-May-07 20:48 
GeneralDefinition PinmemberStrattonN20-Apr-06 4:52 
GeneralRe: Definition PinmemberNpnDan20-Jun-07 4:17 
GeneralLast Position PinmemberStrattonN20-Apr-06 3:57 
QuestionProperties Window: Ctrl+Shift+First letter to move to property name PinmemberLuluSailor26-Jan-06 11:59 
GeneralQuick Copy and Smart Paste Pinmemberviggity17-Jan-06 9:51 
GeneralEmbeeded VIM in Visual Studio .NET Pinmemberoriol_rai10-Oct-05 0:54 
GeneralCustom toolbar PinmemberAlligator8-May-05 19:03 
GeneralRe: Custom toolbar PinmemberSathishVJ8-May-05 19:39 
GeneralRe: Custom toolbar PinmemberC#newcomer14-Nov-05 9:15 
GeneralGuidelines for the text editor PinmemberSathishVJ13-Dec-04 4:05 
GeneralRe: Guidelines for the text editor Pinmemberregistrationisformexicans2-Jan-07 12:14 
GeneralVisual Studio .NET Tips and Tricks Book PinsussAnonymous27-Oct-04 13:16 
Generalkeyboard tab navigation Pinmemberhyling11-Oct-04 8:08 
AnswerRe: keyboard tab navigation PinmemberChristopher Scholten31-Jul-06 9:40 
AnswerEnsuring CTRL+F6 iterates through MDI windows in the VS.NET IDE PinmemberChristopher Scholten15-Sep-06 6:29 
Generalpiff PinsussAnonymous30-Sep-04 17:01 
Generalcopy and paste trick Pinmemberfeline_dracoform31-Mar-04 23:42 
GeneralRe: copy and paste trick Pinmemberfeline_dracoform2-Apr-04 3:08 
GeneralTab Groups PinsussAnonymous20-Feb-04 4:07 
GeneralDialog / Form Preview PinmemberSantosh M. P.18-Feb-04 15:04 
GeneralGood job! PinmemberMitchell17-Feb-04 9:13 
GeneralRe: Good job! PinsussCab13811-Mar-04 3:34 
GeneralAdditional tips and bouquets and brickbats PinmemberSathishVJ15-Feb-04 22:49 
GeneralDoes VS.NET IDE provide this function PinmembereXRange12-Feb-04 18:26 
GeneralSome additional tips PinsussAtara12-Feb-04 3:02 
GeneralBrief Emulation Pinmemberjimbucc11-Feb-04 5:26 

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