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Drag and Drop List View

, 12 May 2004
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Drag and Drop list items within list views or to other list views without manual intervention.

Sample Image - DragAndDropListView.gif

Introduction

An upcoming application at work required me to have drag and drop functionality between many different ListViews or DataGrids. When I got word, I decided to start searching the Internet and find a pre-existing free control that I could use. My personal requirements were that the ListView or DataGrid needed to have the ability to move rows around within its own control, but also allow me to move rows to other controls. My initial sorting pointed me towards Drag and Drop ListView row reordering by David Boland. As his control allowed users to reorder items in a ListView, it lacked support for moving to other ListViews as well as letting the user know where the new rows are to be placed. This control is somewhat similar to David's, however, it was rewritten only using David's code as a reference.

Using the Code

The DragAndDropListView control inherits from ListView, and provides native support for dragging and dropping ListItems to reorder them or move them to other DragAndDropListView controls. Because it needs to utilize Drag and Drop functionality, I had to override the OnDragDrop, OnDragOver, OnDragEnter, OnItemDrag, OnLostFocus, and OnDragLeave to provide the functionality.

When an item is selected and started to be dragged, OnItemDrag gets called which starts the Drag and Drop functionality by retrieving the control it originates from as well as the selected items. Both of these are stored in a private class that is passed around in the data of the drag and drop events.

protected override void OnItemDrag(ItemDragEventArgs e)
{
 if(!m_allowReorder)
 {
  base.OnItemDrag(e);
  return;
 }

 base.DoDragDrop(GetDataForDragDrop(), DragDropEffects.Move);

 base.OnItemDrag(e);
}

As the user moves the selected list items over the ListView, OnDragOver is called. This method basically determines if the selected items to be dragged & dropped can actually be dragged & dropped. By checking to see if the item it's currently hovering over is not one of the list items being moved, it either displays the move cursor or denied cursor. If the user is trying to drop the items into an area that doesn't have a list item, it will still allow you, thus allowing you to place and reorder items in any order.

protected override void OnDragOver(DragEventArgs drgevent)
{
 if(!m_allowReorder)
 {
  base.OnDragOver(drgevent);
  return;
 }
 if(!drgevent.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(DragItemData).ToString()))
 {
  drgevent.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
  return;
 }

 if(base.Items.Count > 0)
 {
  Point clientPoint = base.PointToClient(new Point(drgevent.X, drgevent.Y));
  ListViewItem hoverItem = base.GetItemAt(clientPoint.X, clientPoint.Y);

  Graphics g = this.CreateGraphics();

  if(hoverItem == null)
  {
   drgevent.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

   if(m_previousItem != null)
   {
    m_previousItem = null;
    Invalidate();
   }

   hoverItem = base.Items[base.Items.Count - 1];

   if(this.View == View.Details || this.View == View.List)
   {
    g.DrawLine(new Pen(m_lineColor, 2), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     this.Bounds.Width, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height));
    g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor),
     new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height + 5)});
    g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
     new Point[] {new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5), 
     new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 9, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
     new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height + 5)});
   }
   else
   {
    g.DrawLine(new Pen(m_lineColor, 2), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width, hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height));
    g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
     new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width - 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width + 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});
    g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
     new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width - 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Width + 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
     new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + hoverItem.Bounds.Width, 
     hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5)});
   }

   base.OnDragOver(drgevent);

   return;
  }

  if((m_previousItem != null && 
    m_previousItem != hoverItem) || m_previousItem == null)
  {
   this.Invalidate();
  }

  m_previousItem = hoverItem;

  if(this.View == View.Details || this.View == View.List)
  {
   g.DrawLine(new Pen(m_lineColor, 2), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + this.Bounds.Width, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y));
   g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
    new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y - 5), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});
   g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
    new Point[] {new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y - 5), new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 9, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});
  }
  else
  {
   g.DrawLine(new Pen(m_lineColor, 2), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height));
   g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
    new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X - 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});
   g.FillPolygon(new SolidBrush(m_lineColor), 
    new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X - 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5)});

  }

  foreach(ListViewItem itemToMove in base.SelectedItems)
  {
   if(itemToMove.Index == hoverItem.Index)
   {
    drgevent.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
    hoverItem.EnsureVisible();
    return;
   }
  }

  hoverItem.EnsureVisible();
 }

 drgevent.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

 base.OnDragOver(drgevent);
}

One of the really cool things that I wanted to do, was to add a line either above or below the hovered list item, however, this really didn't pose an easy feat at first. To figure this out, I had 2 actual implementations of creating the line, 1 for when you were hovering over a list item, and 1 for when you were in an empty area. When you were hovering over a list item, the line needed to be added between that item and the item above it. If the user is currently over the empty area, and items existed, then the line would be added to the bottom of the very last item. Below is the code that shows how to add the line and arrows on both side:

[Add the Line to the Last Item on Bottom]
g.DrawLine(new Pen(Brushes.Red, 2), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + this.Bounds.Width, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height));
g.FillPolygon(Brushes.Red, new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height + 5)});
g.FillPolygon(Brushes.Red, new Point[] {new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height - 5), 
    new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 9, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height), 
    new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y + hoverItem.Bounds.Height + 5)});
[Add the Line to the Top of the Current Item]
g.DrawLine(new Pen(Brushes.Red, 2), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 
    this.Bounds.Width, hoverItem.Bounds.Y));
g.FillPolygon(Brushes.Red, new Point[] {new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y - 5), new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X + 5, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
    new Point(hoverItem.Bounds.X, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});
g.FillPolygon(Brushes.Red, new Point[] {new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y - 5), new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 9, 
    hoverItem.Bounds.Y), 
    new Point(this.Bounds.Width - 4, hoverItem.Bounds.Y + 5)});

Previous versions of this article stated that lines would only be drawn if it was in Details or Line mode, however this updated version includes both Small Icon List and Large Icon List replacing horizontal lines with vertical lines. The demo has also been updated, so you can test this method out as well.

As the user is dragging the selected items around the form, OnLostFocus and OnDragLeave are utilized to invalidate the form so the drawn lines are erased.

Lastly, OnDragDrop is called whenever the user drops the selected items into a DragAndDropListView. This method determines if the items to be dropped are from the current DragAndDropListView or from another DragAndDropListView. At which point, the items are appended to the end, or above the hovered item. Finally, the selected items are removed from the respective DragAndDropListView.

protected override void OnDragDrop(DragEventArgs drgevent)
{
 if(!m_allowReorder)
 {
  base.OnDragDrop(drgevent);
  return;
 }

 Point clientPoint = base.PointToClient(new Point(drgevent.X, drgevent.Y));
 ListViewItem hoverItem = base.GetItemAt(clientPoint.X, clientPoint.Y);

 if(!drgevent.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(DragItemData).ToString()) || 
  ((DragItemData) 
   drgevent.Data.GetData(typeof(DragItemData).ToString())).ListView == null ||
  ((DragItemData) 
   drgevent.Data.GetData(typeof(DragItemData).ToSTring())).DragItems.Count == 0)
     return;
  
 DragItemData data = 
   (DragItemData) drgevent.Data.GetData(typeof(DragItemData).ToString());

 if(hoverItem == null)
 {
  for(int i=0; i<insertItems.Count; i++)
  {
   ListViewItem newItem = (ListViewItem) insertItems[i];
   base.Items.Add(newItem);
  }
 }
 else
 {
  int hoverIndex = hoverItem.Index;

  if(this == data.ListView)
  {
   if(hoverIndex > base.SelectedItems[0].Index)
    hoverIndex++;
  }

  for(int i=data.DragItems.Count - 1; i >= 0; i--)
  {
   ListViewItem newItem = (ListViewItem) data.DragItems[i];
   base.Items.Insert(hoverIndex, newItem);
  }
 }

 if(data.ListView != null)
 {
  foreach(ListViewItem itemToRemove in data.ListView.SelectedItems)
  {
   data.ListView.Items.Remove(itemToRemove);
  }
 }


 if(m_previousItem != null)
 {
  m_previousItem = null;
 }

 this.Invalidate();

 base.OnDragDrop (drgevent);

}

Known Problems

  • I've fixed all known problems so far.

Version History

  • May 17, 2004
    • Fixed inability to have lines shown for Large or Small Icon listings.
    • Fixed ability to fully move ListViewItems without losing data.
    • Removed hack to find the corresponding DragAndDropListView control.
  • May 14, 2004
    • Fixed ListView not scrolling.
    • Added AllowReorder to allow turning row reordering and row transfer off.
    • Added LineColor to allow you to set the color of the line drawn.
  • May 13, 2004
    • Initial launch showing functionality.

References

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Matt Hawley

United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionFlicker when dragging Pinsussdgannon3416-Sep-05 18:16 
Questionhow to implement drag and drop in the asp.net page ,like list data or multiple select from one to another PinmemberJade_king15-Sep-05 22:13 
GeneralListViewItem Image problem Pinmemberdidis1-Dec-04 5:24 
GeneralRe: ListViewItem Image problem PinmemberDiego F.3-Apr-07 4:30 
GeneralAllow both items drag &amp; drop and files drag &amp; drop PinsussBertrand Dunogier3-Oct-04 2:35 
GeneralRe: Allow both items drag &amp; drop and files drag &amp; drop PinmemberCraig Nagy1-Mar-05 18:37 
GeneralRe: Allow both items drag &amp; drop and files drag &amp; drop PinmemberChris Cocker5-Apr-05 4:29 
Generalgreat control, 2 questions Pinmembercmac24-Aug-04 2:41 
1. you cant drag items from a standard listview, only from dragndrop control
2. it appears that the listview items when dragged down the listview, are added one extra line down, but when dragging up everything works fine.
 

GeneralRe: great control, 2 questions PinmemberJames Pepin8-Jun-05 5:47 
GeneralEnhancement/bug fix for List/Details PinmemberRichard Birkby22-Jul-04 23:17 
GeneralThankyou PinmemberRichard Birkby19-Jul-04 23:00 

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