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Generate PDF documents from a HTML page using ASP.NET

, 23 May 2004
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Convert HTML to PDF from an ASPX page.


This project uses an HTML to PDF exe from ESP. Please read the GNU license agreement for more information. HTMLDOC is a desktop application to create PDF documents from a HTML page. I wrote some code to use it from a web application. The best used is from a Web Report to add a PRINT to PDF button to use the C# class.

Using the code

public string Run(string sRawUrl)
    string sFileName = GetNewName();
    string sPage = Server.MapPath("" + sFileName + ".html");
    string sUrlVirtual = sRawUrl;
    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();

    Server.Execute(sUrlVirtual, sw);

    StreamWriter sWriter = File.CreateText(sPage);

    System.Diagnostics.Process pProcess
                         = new System.Diagnostics.Process();
    pProcess.StartInfo.FileName = m_sDrive + ":" + m_Directory +
    pProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = "--webpage --quiet " + sFontSize +
              m_sWaterMark + " --bodyfont Arial " + sLandScape +
              " -t pdf14 -f " + sFileName + ".pdf " + sFileName + ".html";
    pProcess.StartInfo.WorkingDirectory = m_sDrive + ":" + m_Directory;


    return(sFileName + ".pdf");

The class PDFGenerator contains a public method called Run that will call the process hghtmldoc.exe with the arguments you choose. The most important part is to set a working directory where the Web application has permission to read, write and execute, otherwise the program won't work, and the function pProcess.Start will raise a Win32 Exception "access denied".

StreamWriter will save the page into a HTML file on the hard disk.

The file DisplayPDF.aspx and DisplayPDF.aspx.cs will do just that, displays the generated PDF file when ready.

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)

    if ( Request.Params["File"] != null )
        bool bRet = false;
        int iTimeout = 0;
        while ( bRet == false )
            bRet = CheckIfFileExist(Request.Params["File"].ToString());
            if ( iTimeout == 10 )

        if ( bRet == true )
            Response.ContentType = "Application/pdf";
                Response.WriteFile( MapPath( "" +
                              Request.Params["File"].ToString() ) );

            if ( Request.Params["Msg"] != null )
                LabelMsg.Text = Request.Params["Msg"].ToString();

The page accepts a parameter, FILE, previously saved in the hard disk by StreamWriter. The Response.Redirect will include application/PDF, so the browser knows what kind of file is downloading and ask you to SAVE or OPEN. If you have Adobe plug-in installed on your browser, you'll be able to see the PDF from your browser.

Points of Interest

It is important you create a directory to save the HTML file and generate the PDF, also give that directory all the permissions you need to run the EXE.


Remember the HTMLDOC is copywrite ESP. Please go to this link and download the latest version. The GNU license agreement is included in the project.


This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


About the Author

Albert Pascual
Web Developer
United States United States
Al is just another Software Engineer working in C++, ASp.NET and C#. Enjoys snowboarding in Big Bear, and wait patiently for his daughters to be old enough to write code and snowboard.

Al is a Microsoft ASP.NET MVP


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Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Downloading PDF Pin
eva xanthou20-May-09 5:15
membereva xanthou20-May-09 5:15 
GeneralRe: Downloading PDF Pin
jlfritz16-Dec-10 4:07
memberjlfritz16-Dec-10 4:07 
GeneralRe: Downloading PDF Pin
Gudny26-Sep-11 3:06
memberGudny26-Sep-11 3:06 
QuestionPermissions? Pin
jd_hannah6-Jun-08 10:51
memberjd_hannah6-Jun-08 10:51 
AnswerRe: Permissions? Pin
jd_hannah6-Jun-08 11:29
memberjd_hannah6-Jun-08 11:29 
GeneralCode / Bug Fix Pin
Justin Porteous1-Jun-08 22:17
memberJustin Porteous1-Jun-08 22:17 
GeneralRe: Code / Bug Fix Pin
Md. Humayun Rashed29-Jul-12 19:19
memberMd. Humayun Rashed29-Jul-12 19:19 
Generalghtmldoc.exe OR HTMLDOC.exe for HTMLDOC 1.9 Pin
deepakleo20-Dec-07 19:20
memberdeepakleo20-Dec-07 19:20 
Hi All

I am currently using your source code and its working fine but it is not accepting CSS.
I have read the article about HTMLDOC which says that HTMLDOC 1.8 does not support CSS but HTMLDOC 1.0 supports. i downloaded HTMLDOC 1.9 and trying to find ghtmldoc 1.9 OR htmldoc 1.9 but not able to find it out..

Can anyone tell me where did i find this .exe file

Thanx in advance
Generalghtmldoc.exe for HTMLDOC 1.9 Pin
deepakleo20-Dec-07 19:18
memberdeepakleo20-Dec-07 19:18 
GeneralProblem with visual studio 2005 Pin
Mamta M26-Jul-07 1:04
memberMamta M26-Jul-07 1:04 
GeneralMessage Automatically Removed Pin
8-Jul-07 10:03
memberwinnovative8-Jul-07 10:03 
GeneralPretty useless Pin
dc19719-Apr-07 3:52
memberdc19719-Apr-07 3:52 
GeneralRe: Pretty useless PinPopular
Alexander German5-Jul-07 0:35
memberAlexander German5-Jul-07 0:35 
GeneralRe: Pretty useless Pin
DeCrypted137-Aug-07 8:07
memberDeCrypted137-Aug-07 8:07 
GeneralRe: Pretty useless Pin
Robert Jun25-May-14 21:58
memberRobert Jun25-May-14 21:58 
GeneralI can not convet from HTML to PDF Pin
minhhong04112-Apr-07 0:02
memberminhhong04112-Apr-07 0:02 
GeneralRe: I can not convet from HTML to PDF Pin
deepakleo20-Dec-07 18:27
memberdeepakleo20-Dec-07 18:27 
GeneralRe: I can not convet from HTML to PDF Pin
deepakleo20-Dec-07 18:28
memberdeepakleo20-Dec-07 18:28 
GeneralFailed to map the path '/'. Pin
amper_119-Mar-07 23:02
memberamper_119-Mar-07 23:02 
GeneralRe: Failed to map the path '/'. Pin
deepakleo20-Dec-07 18:31
memberdeepakleo20-Dec-07 18:31 
GeneralCharset Pin
Fernando Callejon3-Jan-07 11:46
memberFernando Callejon3-Jan-07 11:46 
QuestionNew .net developer [modified] Pin
nauyshine13-Nov-06 16:07
membernauyshine13-Nov-06 16:07 
Questiongenerated pdf from html contains "default" in header Pin
jhlal8-Nov-06 2:07
memberjhlal8-Nov-06 2:07 
QuestionASP .Net 2.0 Pin
rav795-Oct-06 12:02
memberrav795-Oct-06 12:02 
QuestionMessage Automatically Removed Pin
20-Sep-06 14:59
memberxvietntx20-Sep-06 14:59 

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