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Changing Time Zone Information with C++

, 6 Feb 2006
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Programmatically changing the Windows time zone information.

Introduction

This program demonstrates how to change the Windows time zone information programmatically.

Background

I have seen very little information on the internet on how to change the Windows time zone information programmatically with C++. This article will show you how.

There is a list of all the time zones that are available. This is available in the registry, under _T("SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\Time Zones"). However, there is no data structure that works with the existing TZI binary value in the reg key.

Here is the Eastern Standard Time TZI Reg Binary Data IE:

Here is the total set of bytes:

2C 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
C4 FF FF FF 00 00 0A 00
00 00 05 00 02 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 04 00
00 00 01 00 02 00 00 00
00 00 00 00

Let's decipher what this is...

(little-endian)   => (big-endian)
  2C 01 00 00     => 00 00 01 2C = 300 Bias
  00 00 00 00     => 00 00 00 00 = 0 Std Bias
  C4 FF FF FF     => FF FF FF C4 = 4294967236 Dlt Bias
  ( SYSTEM TIME ) StandardDate
  00 00           => 00 00 = Year
  0A 00           => 00 0A = Month
  00 00           => 00 00 = Day of Week
  05 00           => 00 05 = Day
  02 00           => 00 02 = Hour
  00 00           => 00 00 = Minutes
  00 00           => 00 00 = Seconds
  00 00           => 00 00 = Milliseconds
  ( SYSTEM TIME ) DaylightDate
  00 00           => 00 00 = Year
  04 00           => 00 04 = Month
  00 00           => 00 00 = Day of Week
  01 00           => 00 01 = Day
  02 00           => 00 02 = Hour
  00 00           => 00 00 = Minutes
  00 00           => 00 00 = Seconds
  00 00           => 00 00 = Milliseconds

If you notice, it represents the TIME_ZONE_INFO structure.

struct TIME_ZONE_INFO // TZI
{
    ULONG Bias;
    ULONG StandardBias;
    ULONG DaylightBias;
    SYSTEMTIME StandardDate;
    SYSTEMTIME DaylightDate;
};

Using the code

Below, you will find the source in text form.

/************************************************
*
*    Programmer: Ludvik Jerabek
*    Date: Feb 9, 2005
*
*************************************************

#include "stdafx.h"
#define TIME_REG _T("SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\") 
       _T("Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\Time Zones")

using namespace std;

struct TIME_ZONE_INFO
{
    ULONG Bias;
    ULONG StandardBias;
    ULONG DaylightBias;
    SYSTEMTIME StandardDate;
    SYSTEMTIME DaylightDate;
};

void TimeZoneInfoToTimeZoneInformation( TIME_ZONE_INFORMATION& 
     TimeZoneInfo1 , const TIME_ZONE_INFO& TimeZoneInfo2 )
{
    TimeZoneInfo1.Bias = TimeZoneInfo2.Bias ;
    TimeZoneInfo1.DaylightBias = TimeZoneInfo2.DaylightBias ;
    TimeZoneInfo1.DaylightDate = TimeZoneInfo2.DaylightDate ;
    TimeZoneInfo1.StandardBias = TimeZoneInfo2.StandardBias ;
    TimeZoneInfo1.StandardDate = TimeZoneInfo2.StandardDate ;
}

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
    HKEY hkTimeZones;
    int iErr = 1;
    bool bShow = false;
    INT dwIndexToFind = -1;
    
    for( int idx = 1 ; idx < argc && !bShow; idx++ )
    {
        bShow = ( _tcsicmp( _T("-show") , argv[idx] ) == 0 );
    }

    for( int idx = 1 ; idx < argc ; idx++ )
    {
        if( _tcsicmp( _T("-index") , argv[idx] ) == 0 )
            if( idx + 1 <= argc )
                dwIndexToFind = _ttoi( argv[++idx] );
    }
    
    if( ( bShow && dwIndexToFind == -1 ) || 
        ( dwIndexToFind != -1 && !bShow ) )
    {
    if( RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,TIME_REG,0, 
           KEY_READ,&hkTimeZones) == ERROR_SUCCESS )
    {
        DWORD dwIndex = 0;
        TCHAR tcKeyName[512];
        DWORD dwcbName = 512 * sizeof( TCHAR );
        FILETIME ftLastWrite;

        while( RegEnumKeyEx(hkTimeZones,dwIndex++,tcKeyName,
               &dwcbName,NULL,NULL,NULL,&ftLastWrite) != 
               ERROR_NO_MORE_ITEMS )
        {
            HKEY hkTimeZone;
            if( RegOpenKeyEx(hkTimeZones,tcKeyName,0, 
                KEY_READ,&hkTimeZone) == ERROR_SUCCESS )
            {
                
                DWORD dwTimeZoneIndex;
                TIME_ZONE_INFO TZI;
                TIME_ZONE_INFORMATION TZI2;
                // Get Index
                DWORD dwDataSize = sizeof( DWORD );
                RegQueryValueEx(hkTimeZone,_T("Index"),NULL, 
                  NULL,(BYTE*)&dwTimeZoneIndex,&dwDataSize);
                
                // Get TZI Upper Bytes
                dwDataSize = sizeof( TIME_ZONE_INFO );
                RegQueryValueEx(hkTimeZone,_T("TZI"),NULL,
                            NULL,(BYTE*)&TZI,&dwDataSize);
                
                TimeZoneInfoToTimeZoneInformation( TZI2 , TZI );

                // Get Text Values
                dwDataSize = 32 * sizeof( TCHAR );
                RegQueryValueEx(hkTimeZone,_T("Dlt"),NULL,NULL,
                         (BYTE*)TZI2.DaylightName,&dwDataSize);
                dwDataSize = 32 * sizeof( TCHAR );
                RegQueryValueEx(hkTimeZone,_T("Std"),NULL,NULL,
                         (BYTE*)TZI2.StandardName,&dwDataSize);


                if( bShow )
                {
                    _tprintf( _T("Index: %d\n") , dwTimeZoneIndex );
                    _tprintf( _T("  STD: %s\n") , 
                                  TZI2.StandardName );
                    _tprintf( _T("  DLT: %s\n\n") , 
                                    TZI2.DaylightName );
                }
                else
                {
                if( dwTimeZoneIndex == dwIndexToFind )
                    if( SetTimeZoneInformation( &TZI2 ) )
                        iErr = 0;
                }
                RegCloseKey( hkTimeZone );
            }
            dwcbName = 512 * sizeof( TCHAR );
        }
        RegCloseKey( hkTimeZones );
    }
    }
    else
    {
        _tprintf(_T("\nUsage:\n\n"));
        _tprintf(_T("tz.exe -show\n"));
        _tprintf(_T("tz.exe -index [get index number") 
                 _T(" from -show command for your time zone]\n"));
        _tprintf(_T("\n\n\nLudvik Jerabek, 2005\n"));

    }

    return iErr;
}

History

  • Feb 2, 2006 - Fixed a major typo with regards to the TimeZoneInfoToTimeZoneInformation function.
  • Feb 9, 2005 - Cleaned up the code and made it more readable.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Ludvik Jerabek
Software Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralTime zone to another time zone PinmemberBWM200231-Aug-07 3:43 
GeneralPartial work on my PC PinmemberMFC23-Aug-06 4:41 
GeneralRe: Partial work on my PC PinmemberLudvik Jerabek26-Aug-06 5:57 
Generalchanging time zones Pinmemberpzwag13-Feb-06 12:42 
GeneralRe: changing time zones PinmemberLudvik Jerabek13-Feb-06 16:49 
GeneralI can't believe that it compiles PinmemberReorX2-Feb-06 2:50 
GeneralRe: I can't believe that it compiles PinmemberLudvik Jerabek2-Feb-06 7:26 
GeneralRe: I can't believe that it compiles PinmemberRick York2-Feb-06 7:51 

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