Click here to Skip to main content
11,479,170 members (64,336 online)
Click here to Skip to main content

FlatFile Database System

, 2 Apr 2014 CPOL 11.3K 777 19
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
Working with text file as database can querying as RDBMS with SQL Queries.

Introduction

In this article is fully based on how to querying the flat file database (i.e. text file database). The flat file database querying is quite difficult. I write this article to create a simple application with ability to manipulate the flatfile database (i.e. text file).

System Analysis

FlatFile Database:

This is the basic database system. It makes easier our work while comparing writing the data's in paper. It saves the paper. A flat file database is the simplest form of database systems. There is no posiblity to access the multiple tables like a RDBMS. Because it uses the simple strucutre, A textfile considered as a table. Every line of the text file is rows of table and the columns are separetd by delimiters like comma(,), tab, and some special characters. The database doesnot have specific datatype. It Only supports strings.

System Design

The system based on File Input Output processing and Streams. This system also same as flatfile database the difference is we can use multiple tables. The similarity is the multiple table querying such as Join queries are not proccessed currently.

Database:

The database is nothing but, It creates the folder for a database Name in application startup folder.

Tables:

In this system the tables are holding all the datas. In this System the table structure has two parts

1. Header Row

2. Data Rows

Header Row consists the column names. Data Rows consist the rcords related to the columns. Here Some special symbols are used as a delimiters.

Symbols:

├ - Header Row Begining

┤ - Header Row End

└ - Data Row Begining

┘ - Data Row End

│ - Column Separator

Fig. Overview of System

Querying:

The system support 15 and more SQL Type Queries to querying the Database. The following queries are used in this system.

1) CREATE DATABASE StudentDB

This is the query for creating the database named "StudendDB".

2) LIST DATABASES

This query shows list of database in the system.

3) DROP DATABASE StudentDB

This query deletes the Database StudentDB.

4) USE StudentDB

This query holds the StudentDB database name for further database manipulation quries such as INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, SELECT, etc.,

5) LIST TABLES

This query shows the tables in the database which is currenlty hold for manipulation.

6) DROP TABLE tblMarkSheet

This query delete the table from the database.

7) CREATE TABLE tblMarkSheet (RollNo,StudentName,ClassStd,Mark1,Mark2,Mark3,Total,Avg)

This query crates tblMarkSheet table with Columns of RollNo, StudentName, ClassStd, Mark1, Mark2, Mark3, Total and Avg. In Background It creates one file named "tblMarkSheet.fdb" in "StudentDB" Folder.

8) 1. INSERT INTO tblMarkSheet (RollNo,StudentName,ClassStd,Mark1,Mark2,Mark3,Total,Avg) VALUES (1, ANAND,10TH,85,48,59,192,64)

This query insert a record in tblMarkSheet table.

2. INSERT INTO tblMarkSheet VALUES (1, ANAND,10TH,85,48,59,192,64)

This query also same as previous insert query. The difference is we don't need to mention the column names.

9) 1. DELETE FROM tblMarkSheet WHERE RollNo=10

This query deletes the record which record column values is equal to 10 in tblMarkSheet table.

2. DELETE FROM tblMarkSheet

This query deletes all the record from tblMarkSheet Table.

10) 1. UPDATE tblMarkSheet SET (ClassStd) VALUES (11TH) WHERE RollNo=1

This query modify the ClassStd field of the record which holds RollNo has 1.

1.1. UPDATE tblMarkSheet SET (ClassStd) VALUES (11TH)

2. UPDATE tblMarkSheet SET VALUES (1, XXX,5TH,40) WHERE RollNo=1

This query sequentiay updates the record which holds the RollNo has 1. Here we don't need to mention the updating columns, it automatically updates from the sequence and missed column values are remain in the same in previous.

2.1. UPDATE tblMarkSheet SET VALUES (1, XXX,5TH,40)

Note: The queries 11 of 1.1 and 2.1 are executed without condition.

11) 1. SELECT * FROM tblMarkSheet

2. SELECT * FROM tblMarkSheet WHERE RollNo=1

3. SELECT RollNo,StudentName,Total FROM tblMarkSheet WHERE RollNo>5

4. SELECT RollNo,StudentName,Avg FROM tblMarkSheet WHERE Avg>=60

This query using to view the records of the table. Here we can filter the records by using relational operators.

Bugs and Flaws in Queries:

  • In UPDATE and DELETE queries it supports only Equal (=) condition. It is not support for other operators like <, >, <=, etc.,
  • In SELECT query the data filter feature is held by use of datatable and dataview. Need to provide native support.
  • There is no JOIN queries when compared to RDBMS.

Advantage:

  • It is our own database system. So we can modify the transaction of the database system.
  • When compared to other database system is quite little and slower but security things are ours. So we feel free about data security.
  • We can ensure the security by using cryptography things in this system.
  • We can modify the table structure in encoded text. So that no one knows the inner structure of the database. There is no data theft.

Future Enhancement:

  • In the future it will portable for more security and fully enhanced database structure. It could be supports JOIN quries.

System Implementation

From the system analysis and system design the code has been written. The system has IntelliSense TextBox for lesser the query writing, It has been taken from my previously posted tip IntelliSense TextBox in C#.

Querying Method:

The below method is using to parsing the raw query from the client.

public static string DataBase=null;
        /// <summary>
        /// This method is executing the queries to the FFDB.
        /// </summary>
         
        /// <param name="query"><para>Enter the SQL like Queries All Queries keyword must be in Caps. </para>
        /// <para>Don't Give Unnecessary White Spaces</para>
        /// <para>Ex. SELECT, CREATE, TABLE, etc., </para>
        /// <example>
        /// <code>
        /// <para>1) CREATE DATABASE &lt;DATABASE_NAME&gt;</para>
        /// <para>&#160;&#160;&#160;&#160;Ex: CREATE DATABASE StudntDB</para>
        /// <para>2) DROP DATABASE &lt;DATABASE_NAME&gt;</para>
        /// <para>3) CREATE TABLE tblMarkSheet (RegNo,Name,Std,Sub1,Sub2,Sub3,TotalMark,MarkPercentage)</para>
        /// <para>4) LIST TABLES</para>
        /// <para>5) LIST DATABASES</para>
        /// </code>
        /// </example>
        /// </param>
        /// 
        /// <returns>This is a Dynamic method it cant returns the value as type of return</returns>
        public static dynamic QueryExecution(string query)
        {
            object ValueObj = null;
            string[] QueryArray = query.Split(new char[1] { ' ' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);

                switch (QueryArray[0])
                {
                    case "CREATE":
                        if (QueryArray[1] == "DATABASE")
                            ValueObj = CreateDB(QueryArray[2]);
                        else if (QueryArray[1] == "TABLE")
                            ValueObj = CreateTable(QueryArray[2], DataBase, StringArrayToString(QueryArray[3].Split(new char[3] { '(', ',', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)));
                        break;

                    case "DROP":
                        if (QueryArray[1] == "DATABASE")
                            ValueObj = DropDB(QueryArray[2]);
                        else if (QueryArray[1] == "TABLE")
                            ValueObj = DropTable(QueryArray[2], DataBase);
                        break;

                    case "USE":
                        ValueObj = UseDB(QueryArray[1]);
                        break;
                    case "LIST":
                        if (QueryArray[1] == "DATABASES")
                            ValueObj = ListDB();
                        else if (QueryArray[1] == "TABLES")
                        {
                            if (DataBase != null)
                            {
                                ValueObj = ListTables(DataBase);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                MessageBox.Show("DATABASE NOT IN USE" + Environment.NewLine + "SELECT THE DATABASE, THEN EXECUTE THIS QUERY", "FFDB", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                            }
                        }
                        break;

                    case "DELETE":

                        if (QueryArray.Length >= 5)
                        {
                            string[] tdcon = QueryArray[4].Split('=');
                            ValueObj = DeleteRecord(QueryArray[2], DataBase, tdcon[0], tdcon[1]);
                        }
                        else
                            ValueObj = DeleteRecord(QueryArray[2], DataBase);
                        break;

                    case "INSERT":
                        string[] valArray = query.Substring((query.LastIndexOf("VALUES") + 7)).Split(new char[4] { '(', ',', '\'', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                        if (QueryArray[4] == "VALUES")
                        {
                            string[] colArray = QueryArray[3].Split(new char[3] { '(', ',', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);

                            ValueObj = InsertRecord(QueryArray[2], DataBase, StringArrayToString(valArray), StringArrayToString(colArray));
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            ValueObj = InsertRecord(QueryArray[2], DataBase, StringArrayToString(valArray));
                        }
                        break;

                    case "UPDATE":
                        string[] tiv = query.Substring(query.LastIndexOf("VALUES") + 7).Split(new char[4] { '(', ',','\'', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.None);

                        if (query.LastIndexOf("WHERE") > -1)
                        {
                            if (QueryArray[4] == "VALUES")
                            {
                                string[] tcon = QueryArray[7].Split('=');
                                string[] tic = QueryArray[3].Split(new char[3] { '(', ',', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                                ValueObj = UpdateRecord(QueryArray[1], DataBase, StringArrayToString(tiv), StringArrayToString(tic), tcon[0], tcon[1]);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                string[] tcon = QueryArray[6].Split('=');
                                ValueObj = UpdateRecord(QueryArray[1], DataBase, StringArrayToString(tiv), null, tcon[0], tcon[1]);
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            if (QueryArray[4] == "VALUES")
                            {
                                string[] tic = QueryArray[3].Split(new char[3] { '(', ',', ')' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                                ValueObj = UpdateRecord(QueryArray[1], DataBase, StringArrayToString(tiv), StringArrayToString(tic));
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                ValueObj = UpdateRecord(QueryArray[1], DataBase, StringArrayToString(tiv), null);
                            }
                        }

                        

                        break;
                    case "SELECT":
                        ValueObj = SelectFilter(query, DataBase);
                        break;
                    default:
                        ValueObj=false;
                        break;

                }
            
            return ValueObj;
        }

Converting String Array to String Method:

The following code for coverting the string array to string

public static string StringArrayToString(string[] strArray)
        {
            string Str = "";
            for (int i = 0; i < strArray.Length; i++)
            {
                Str += strArray[i];
                if (i < strArray.Length - 1)
                    Str += ",";
            }
            return Str;
        }

Database Creation Method:

 //Database Creation Method
        /// <summary>
        /// <para>This method creates the database (i.e. It creates Folder with DbName.</para>  <para>The folder is called Database in FFDB.</para>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dbName"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool CreateDB(string dbName)
        {
            if (Directory.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName))
            {
                return false;
            }
            else
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName);
                return true;
            }
        }

Database Drop Method:

//Database Drop Method

        public static bool DropDB(string dbName)
        {
            if (!Directory.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName))
            {
                return false;
            }
            else
            {
                Directory.Delete(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName, true);
                return true;
            }
        }

Displaying Database Method:

//Display the List of Databases
        public static DataTable ListDB()
        {
            DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(Application.StartupPath);
            DataTable dtData = new DataTable();
            dtData.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("DATABASES_IN_FFDB", typeof(String)));
            DataRow drRow;
            object[] ObjArray =new object[1];

            foreach (DirectoryInfo g in dir.GetDirectories())
            {
                ObjArray[0] = g.Name;
                drRow = dtData.NewRow();
                drRow.ItemArray = ObjArray;
                dtData.Rows.Add(drRow);
            }
            return dtData;
        }

USE DB Method:

Method for holding the current database for operation.

//use database

        public static bool UseDB(string dbName)
        {
            bool tempVal = false;
            DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(Application.StartupPath);
            foreach (DirectoryInfo g in dir.GetDirectories())
            {
                if (dbName == g.Name)
                {
                    DataBase = g.Name;
                    tempVal = true;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    
                    tempVal = false;
                    continue;
                }
                
            }
            if (tempVal == false)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(DataBase + " DATABASE is Not Exist!", "FFDB", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
            }
            return tempVal;
        }

Displaying Table in Database:

//Display the list of Tables in the Db
        public static DataTable ListTables(string dbName)
        {
            DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(Application.StartupPath+"\\"+dbName);
            DataTable dtData = new DataTable();
            dtData.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("TABLES_IN_"+dbName+"_DATABASE", typeof(String)));
            DataRow drRow;
            object[] ObjArray = new object[1];

            foreach (FileInfo f in dir.GetFiles("*.fdb"))
            {
                ObjArray[0] = f.Name.Split(new string[1] {".fdb"},StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)[0];
                drRow = dtData.NewRow();
                drRow.ItemArray = ObjArray;
                dtData.Rows.Add(drRow);
                
            }
            return dtData;
        }

Table Creation and Drop Methods:

//Table Creation Method
        public static bool CreateTable(string tblName, string dbName, string tblColumns)
        {

            if (File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
                return false;
            else
            {
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);
                string[] ColsArray = tblColumns.Split(',');
                sw.Write("├");
                for (int i = 0; i < ColsArray.Length; i++)
                {
                    if (i < ColsArray.Length - 1)
                        ColsArray[i] += "│";
                    sw.Write(ColsArray[i]);
                }
                sw.Write("┤");
                sw.Close();
                
                return true;
            }
        }

        //Table Drop Method
        public static bool DropTable(string tblName, string dbName)
        {
            if (!File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
            {
                return false;
            }
            else
            {
                File.Delete(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"); 
                return true;
            }
        }

Filltering Record Method:

The following method filltering the records when executing the SELECT query.

public static DataTable SelectFilter(string unmodifiedQuery,string dbName)
        {
            string[] UQStr = unmodifiedQuery.Split(new char[1] { ' ' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
            DataTable dtTemp = SelectRecord(UQStr[3], dbName);
            DataView dv = new DataView(dtTemp);
            if (UQStr.Length==6)
            {
                dv.RowFilter = unmodifiedQuery.Substring(unmodifiedQuery.LastIndexOf("WHERE") + 6);
                dtTemp = dv.ToTable();
            }
            if (UQStr[1] != "*")
            {
                dtTemp = dv.ToTable(false, UQStr[1].Split(new char[1] { ',' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries));
            }
            return dtTemp;
        }

Select Record Method:

//Select the record from table
        public static DataTable SelectRecord(string tblName, string dbName)
        {
            if (!File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
            {
                return null;
            }
            else
            {
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fs);

                string[] ColsArray = sr.ReadLine().Split(new char[3] { '├', '┤', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);

                DataTable dtData = new DataTable();

                for (int i = 0; i < ColsArray.Length; i++)
                {
                    dtData.Columns.Add(new DataColumn(ColsArray[i], typeof(String)));
                }

                DataRow drRow;
                object[] objRowArray = new object[ColsArray.Length];

                while(!sr.EndOfStream)
                {
                    string[] RowArray = sr.ReadLine().Split(new char[3] { '└', '┘', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                    for (int j = 0; j < ColsArray.Length; j++)
                    {
                        if (RowArray[j] != "■")
                            objRowArray[j] = RowArray[j];
                        else
                            objRowArray[j] = "";
                    }
                    drRow = dtData.NewRow();
                    drRow.ItemArray = objRowArray;
                    dtData.Rows.Add(drRow);
                }
                sr.Close();
                fs.Close();
                return dtData;
            }

        }

Inserting Record Method:

public static bool InsertRecord(string tblName, string dbName, string iValues, string iColumns=null)
        {

            if (!File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
                return false;
            else
            {
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fs);

                string[] ColsArray = sr.ReadLine().Split(new char[3] { '├', '┤', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                string[] TempColsArray=null;
                int TempiCols = 0;
                string[] TempcValues = iValues.Split(new char[1]{','},StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                TempiCols=TempcValues.Length;
                if (iColumns != null)
                {
                    TempColsArray = iColumns.Split(',');
                    TempiCols = TempColsArray.Length;
                }
               
                sw.Write(sw.NewLine+"└");
                
                for (int i = 0; i < ColsArray.Length; i++)
                {
                    if (TempColsArray != null)
                    {

                        for (int j = 0; j < TempiCols; j++)
                        {

                            if (ColsArray[i] == TempColsArray[j])
                            {
                                if (TempcValues[j].Trim() == "")
                                    TempcValues[j] = "■";
                                if (i < ColsArray.Length - 1)
                                {
                                    TempcValues[j] += "│";
                                }
                                sw.Write(TempcValues[j]);
                                break;
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                if (j == TempiCols - 1)
                                {
                                    sw.Write("■");
                                    if (i < ColsArray.Length - 1)
                                    {
                                        sw.Write("│");
                                    }

                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        if (TempcValues.Length > i)
                        {
                            if (TempcValues[i].Trim() == "")
                                TempcValues[i] = "■";

                            if (i < ColsArray.Length - 1)
                            {
                                TempcValues[i] += "│";
                            }
                            sw.Write(TempcValues[i]);
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            sw.Write("■");
                            if (i < ColsArray.Length - 1)
                            {
                                sw.Write("│");
                            }
                        }
                    }

                }
                sw.Write("┘");
                sw.Close();
                sr.Close();
                fs.Close();
                return true;
            }

        }

Updating Record Method:

//Updating Record
        public static bool UpdateRecord(string tblName, string dbName, string iValues, string iColumns = null, string cField=null, string cValue=null)
        {
            if (!File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
                return false;
            else
            {
                FileStream fsr = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                FileStream fsw = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fsw);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fsr);
                fsw.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End);
                string tCol = sr.ReadLine();
                string[] ColsArray = tCol.Split(new char[3] { '├', '┤', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                
                sw.Write(tCol);

                string[] iColumnsArray = null;
                int TempiCols = 0;
                string modifiedRow = "";
                string[] iValuesArray = iValues.Split(new char[1] { ',' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                TempiCols = iValuesArray.Length;

                if (iColumns != null)
                {
                    iColumnsArray = iColumns.Split(',');
                    TempiCols = iColumnsArray.Length;
                }

                

                if (cField != null || cValue != null)
                {
                    int cfi = Array.IndexOf(ColsArray, cField);
                    while (!sr.EndOfStream)
                    {
                        string TempStr = sr.ReadLine();
                        string[] RowArray = TempStr.Split(new char[3] { '└', '┘', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                        if (RowArray[cfi].Trim() == cValue.Trim())
                        {
                            modifiedRow = "";

                            int k = 0;

                            for (int i = 0; i < ColsArray.Length; i++)
                            {
                                if (iColumnsArray != null)
                                {
                                    for (int j = 0; j < TempiCols; j++)
                                    {
                                        if (ColsArray[i] == iColumnsArray[j])
                                        {
                                            modifiedRow += iValuesArray[j]+"~";
                                            k++;
                                            break;
                                        }
                                        else
                                        {
                                            if (j == TempiCols - 1)
                                            {
                                                modifiedRow += RowArray[i] + "~";
                                                break;
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                             
                            }

                          

                            string[] TempcValues = modifiedRow.Split('~');

                            string TempModStr = "└";
                            for (int j = 0; j < TempcValues.Length; j++)
                            {
                                if (TempcValues[j].Trim() == "")
                                    TempcValues[j] = "■";
                                if (j < TempcValues.Length - 1)
                                {
                                    TempcValues[j] += "│";
                                }
                                TempModStr += TempcValues[j];
                            }
                            TempModStr += "┘";

                            TempStr = TempModStr;
                        }
                        sw.Write(sw.NewLine + TempStr);

                    }
                }

                else
                {
                    while (!sr.EndOfStream)
                    {
                        string TempStr = sr.ReadLine();
                        string[] RowArray = TempStr.Split(new char[3] { '└', '┘', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                        
                            modifiedRow = "";                         

                            int k = 0;
                            for (int i = 0; i < ColsArray.Length; i++)
                            {
                                for (int j = 0; j < TempiCols; j++)
                                {
                                    if (k<=iValuesArray.Length-1)
                                    {
                                        modifiedRow += iValuesArray[j]+"~";
                                        k++;
                                        break;
                                    }
                                    else
                                    {
                                        if (j <= TempiCols - 1)
                                        {
                                            modifiedRow += RowArray[i]+"~";
                                            break;
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                            }

                            //continue;
                            string[] TempcValues = modifiedRow.Split('~');

                            string TempModStr = "└";
                            for (int j = 0; j < TempcValues.Length; j++)
                            {
                                if (TempcValues[j].Trim() == "")
                                    TempcValues[j] = "■";
                                if (j < TempcValues.Length - 1)
                                {
                                    TempcValues[j] += "│";
                                }
                                TempModStr += TempcValues[j];
                            }
                            TempModStr += "┘";

                            TempStr = TempModStr;
                        
                        sw.Write(sw.NewLine + TempStr);
                    }
                }

                sw.Close();
                sr.Close();
                fsr.Close();
                fsw.Close();
                File.Copy(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp", Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", true);
                File.Delete(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp");
                return true;
            }
        }

Deleting Record Method:

//Record Delete Method
        public static bool DeleteRecord(string tblName, string dbName, string cField=null, string cValue=null)
        {
            if (!File.Exists(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb"))
                return false;
            else
            {
                FileStream fsr = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                FileStream fsw = new FileStream(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite, 10000, FileOptions.Asynchronous);
                StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fsw);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fsr);
                fsw.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End);
                string tCol = sr.ReadLine();
                string[] ColsArray = tCol.Split(new char[3] { '├', '┤', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                
                sw.Write(tCol);
                if (cField != null || cValue != null)
                {
                    int cfi = Array.IndexOf(ColsArray, cField);
                    while (!sr.EndOfStream)
                    {
                        string TempStr = sr.ReadLine();
                        string[] RowArray = TempStr.Split(new char[3] { '└', '┘', '│' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
                        if (RowArray[cfi].Trim() == cValue.Trim())
                        {
                            continue;
                        }
                        sw.Write(sw.NewLine + TempStr);
                    }
                }
                

                sw.Close();
                sr.Close();
                fsr.Close();
                fsw.Close();
                File.Copy(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp", Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".fdb", true);
                File.Delete(Application.StartupPath + "\\" + dbName + "\\" + tblName + ".tmp");
                return true;
            }
        }

Addition Methods:

In this system I add one method for converting the textbox that only accepts the number. The code has follows:

Accepting Number Only TextBox Method:

// Method for Change the Textbox only accepts the numbers

        public static void NumberTextBox(params TextBox[] txtControl)
        {
            foreach (TextBox txt in txtControl) 
            {
                txt.KeyPress += (s, e) =>
                    {
                        if (!char.IsControl(e.KeyChar) && !char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar) && e.KeyChar != '.')
                        {
                            e.Handled = true;
                        }

                            if (e.KeyChar == '.' && (s as TextBox).Text.IndexOf('.') > -1)
                        {
                            e.Handled = true;
                        }

                    };
            }
            
        }

We can call this method has follows:

clsIntelliSense.NumberTextBox(txtTamil, txtEnglish,txtMaths,txtScince,txtSocialScience);

Need to write in form constructor.

Demo Form Desing:

The demo form has been designed to examine the flat file database opeartion. It has database creation, table creation, record insertion, record deletion, record updation, loading records and custom query execution. In additionally It has IntelliSense TextBox for easy query writing. The form layout is fluid and exactly fit for all screens.

Dedication

I planned to post this article on 14th March 2014. I dedicate this article to my girlfrind(Ammu Kutti) birthday but missed. If I posted on that date, I may be got a big gift.

History

  • Now currently this system shows how we can manipulate the flatfile database in C# with simple fature.
  • In the future it will be availabe with more security and fully enhanced database structure. It would be available with support of JOIN quries.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Share

About the Author

Anand Gunasekaran
Software Developer Azeal Groups
India India
My work and hobbies are developing software programs. I have worked in several software application development process. From my point of view, if we know the logic and creativity we can develop any software application in any programming language.

Technologies: .Net, Java, Php, Phython, Android, HTML

My Next Contributions will be Network Ace Game.

Willing to work in Malaysia.
Follow on   Twitter   Google+   LinkedIn

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionExtra periods Pin
Gary Strunk3-Apr-14 11:31
memberGary Strunk3-Apr-14 11:31 
AnswerRe: Extra periods Pin
Anand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:18
professionalAnand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:18 
QuestionWhat if some field contains Special char? Pin
Pushparaj Adigopula2-Apr-14 6:56
memberPushparaj Adigopula2-Apr-14 6:56 
AnswerRe: What if some field contains Special char? Pin
Anand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:29
professionalAnand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:29 
GeneralThoughts Pin
PIEBALDconsult2-Apr-14 4:55
memberPIEBALDconsult2-Apr-14 4:55 
GeneralRe: Thoughts Pin
Anand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:32
professionalAnand Gunasekaran3-Apr-14 21:32 
GeneralRe: Thoughts Pin
SANJAY DUSANE8-Apr-14 7:28
memberSANJAY DUSANE8-Apr-14 7:28 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Terms of Use | Mobile
Web04 | 2.8.150520.1 | Last Updated 2 Apr 2014
Article Copyright 2014 by Anand Gunasekaran
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2015
Layout: fixed | fluid