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Multi Clock

, 30 Jun 2004
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An article on mutliple clock displays

Introduction

This Dialog based Application displays several different styles of clocks, analog, binary, decimal and nixie.

Background

The Nixie tube was used in electronic instruments mainly in the 1960's thru 1980's. It is a neon filled vacuum tube that has 10 elements that can make the neon glow when any one element is grounded. The tube has a common anode with approx. 175 volts dc applied to it. I think it makes a cool clock.

Using the code

Several methods used in this code are borrowed from other programmers, some from this site (see Credits). The heart of the binary clock is the function _itoa(nTime, ibuff, 2); where nTime is any integer containing the hour, minute or second. ibuff is a char buffer and the 2 is a base, in this case, binary.

The code to display a simple Decimal clock in the Windows Title Bar.

void CMultiClockDlg::DisplayDecimal()
{
  //
  // Get the current time
  //
  CTime time = CTime::GetCurrentTime();
  int nSecond = time.GetSecond();
  int nMinute = time.GetMinute();
  int nHour   = time.GetHour();
  if (nHour > 12)
    nHour -= 12;
  CString szStr;
  szStr.Format("MultiClock - %.2d:%.2d:%.2d", nHour, nMinute, nSecond);
  ::SetWindowText(m_hWnd, szStr);
}

Points of Interest

The Binary display is grouped, 4 bits for the hour, and 6 bits for the minutes and seconds. I did this because the hour can only be "01" thru "C" and the minutes/seconds "00" thru "3B". The nixie clock uses bitmaps (45X64) for each digit which are displayed by calling:
void CMultiClockDlg::FormatTm(CDC *pDC, int nTime, int nPos)
{
  int x, y;
  m_bmp.LoadResource(IDB_BITMAP110);
  x = 8 +(m_bmp.GetWidth() * nPos);
  y = 8;
  switch (nTime)
  {
    case 0:
      m_bmp.LoadResource(IDB_BITMAP100);
      m_bmp.DrawDIB(pDC, x, y);
      break;
  }

One thing I found writing this code, DO NOT USE: CDC *pDC = GetDC(); in a loop without using RelaseDC(pDC);

My first version would run for 15 to 20 minutes and crash because GetDC() uses 4 bytes of memory every time it is called.

Credits

  • ClockCtrl - The Analog Clock; Author: P.J. Naughter
  • Dib256 - Load Resource/Paint Bitmap, DibPal; Author: Jorg Konig

History

  • Version 1.0

Conclusion

Any comments or suggestion are welcome.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Roger65

United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralSome nixies ! PinmemberKochise3-Jul-04 9:56 

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