"A ChannelFactory basically creates a Channel for WCF clients to communicate with WCF service endpoint".
In one of my previous WCF Interview Questions Tutorial Series
, we discussed about the difference between using ChannelFactory
and Windows Communication Foundation Proxy
. Here in this WCF Tutorial, we are going to discuss about a new feature of Windows Communication Foundation v 4.5 i.e. "ChannelFactory Cache
". WCF 4.5 now support for caching Channel Factories to reduce overhead associated while creating a new ChannelFactory instance.
Before moving forward, let's first summarize that what we have covered so far in this WCF 4.5 Tutorial Series.
Using ChannelFactory is a good option, if we have control over Client as well as Server because in case of ChannelFactory, we have local interfaces (WCF Contract
) on client to describe our WCF service
Following is a simple code for creating a ChannelFactory:
static void Main(string args)
BasicHttpBinding cacheTestBinding = new BasicHttpBinding();
EndpointAddress cacheTestEndpoint = new
ChannelFactory<ICacheTestService> cacheTestChannelFac = new
var objChannel = cacheTestChannelFac.CreateChannel();
Although using ChannelFactory in Windows Communication Foundation is a nice approach but there is resource overhead involved in creating ChannelFactory instance. To avoid this overhead and boost performance, WCF developers were using some custom caching approach for ChannelFactory.
Now with WCF 4.5, built-in support available for ChannelFactory
Cache through CacheSetting
property of ClientBase<T>
class. Possible values of CacheSetting property are:
Caching is always ON meaning all instances of ClientBase<TChannel> within same app-domain will be using same ChannelFactory.
ClientBase<ICacheTestService>.CacheSetting = System.ServiceModel.CacheSetting.AlwaysOn;CacheSetting.AlwaysDefault:
With default means that only instances of ClientBase<TChannel>created from configuration file endpoint will participate in caching. Others created programmatically will not participate. Also condition of same app-domain is also applicable here.
ClientBase<ICacheTestService>.CacheSetting = System.ServiceModel.CacheSetting.Default;CacheSetting.AlwaysOff:
No caching for all instances of ClientBase<TChannel>.
ClientBase<ICacheTestService>.CacheSetting = System.ServiceModel.CacheSetting.AlwaysOff;
Undoubtedly, this new feature in Windows Communication Foundation v4.5 is really helpful for WCF developers to manage support for caching ChannelFactory instances.