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Build Flappy Bird with jQuery and 100 lines of Javascript

, 29 May 2014
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Build Flappy Bird with jQuery and 100 lines of Javascript
Prize winner in Competition "Best Mobile Article of May 2014" (First Prize level)

Introduction

Build Flappy Bird with jQuery and 100 lines of Javascript

Play online at Gasp Mobile Games

Background

So Flappy bird became a big news: the developer walked away from $50,000 a day. I downloaded a game and played it - it did look simplistic and silly. I put it aside. Then my friends brough up the same topic and jokingly asked "you can probably build it in a couple of days. $50,000 in a couple of days - not a bad business." I though I should, but then I was busy at work. Some other things came up, and finally when the Apple started to reject Flappy Bird clones because there were soo many, I thought - "I got to get me some of this. With the right timing and a little bit of luck - those $50,000/day can be mine."
The version I'm presenting here took me a whooping 2 hours to build and under a 100 lines of my javascript.

For those who don't know the game - get out of your caves. You tap on the bird to give it some initial up speed. Then it start falling (under gravity). You need to keep it in the air and avoid the obstacles it can run into. To simplify the objective, the bird is only moves up and down, perception of horisontal motion is acheived by scrolling background. This is it - get it done and $50,000 a day is yours.

Assets

The game needs only 5 images : the bird, background grass, background sky, obstacles and instuction tap-to-start.


As you can see, to save myself some headace I'm skimping out on frame animation by using an animated gif file. This way browser can use it much more efficiently. Also it's something that prevented me from publishing it on Windows Phone - since browser control there doesn't support animated GIF files.

The base html is also pretty simple:

        <div id='board' style='position:absolute; left:50px; top:50px; width:478px; 
                height:300px; overflow:hidden;'>
            <div id='score' style='position:absolute; left:400px; top:0px; height:25px; 
                    z-index:5; color:red; font-weight:900'></div>
            <img class="c" id='bird' src="b2.gif" style="z-index:5"/>
            <img id='instr' src='instr.png' class='c' style="left:205px; top:75px; 
                    z-index:100" />
            <div class="bg" id='bGrnd' style="top:-20px; height:320px; 
                    background-image:url(bg1.png) "/>
            <div class="bg" id='fGrnd' style="top:235px; height:85px; z-index:4; 
                    background-image:url(bg2.png) "/>
        </div>
I also include latest jQuery from http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.js

Global variables and Initialization

The game uses following global variables:

birdjQuery object to hold our bird
board jQuery object to hold the board - container object
dimPipeObstacle dimentions
cPosCurrent bird position (only Y coordinate can change)
gravityConfigurable gravity constant - how fast the bird falls
iniSpeedConfigurable initial speed
curSpeedCurrent vertical bird's speed
scoreCurrent Score
noClrnumber of obstacles cleared
tmStepStep timer to position a bird and launch obstacles
stateGame state : 0 - not started; 1 - in play; 2 - game over
The game is initialized in 2 steps: usual jQuery $.ready and reusable start() that we can call every time the game is restarted:

    $(document).ready(function() {
        bird = $('#bird');
        var evt = (typeof(bird[0].ontouchend) == "function") 
                ? "touchstart" : "mousedown";
        board = $('#board').bind(evt, onTap);
        start();
    });
    function start() {
        state = noClr = score = 0;                    // not started
        cPos = { x: 80, y:100, h:40, w:50 };
        bird.css({left:cPos.x, top:cPos.y, width:cPos.w, height:cPos.h, rotate:0});
        $('.obs').remove();
        $('#instr').show();
    }
As you can see in $.ready we are initializing bird and board global variables, attaching tap event handler to the board and calling start() function. One word about tap: on Android devices mouseDown event comes quite a bit after the actual tap happens, so in the code above, we are checking if element has onTouchEnd element and using that as an indication of the touch support.
In the start() function I'm resetting all the variables, removing any obstacles still on the board and showing instructions image prompting to tap/click.

Click/Tap handling

So the game is ready to go. The missing part is what happen when you click on the board. The game at this point starts main timer (BirdStep) (if needed) and sets bird's initial up speed:

    function onTap() {
        if (state > 1) return;
        if (state == 0) {
            state = 1;
            $('#instr').hide();
            tmStep = window.setInterval(BirdStep, 30);
        }
        curSpeed = iniSpeed;
    }
Thing to consider is that the program uses 3 states -
  • 0 - not running
  • 1 - play mode
  • 2 - die mode - no input is accepted.
So here we are checking - if we are in die mode - just get out. If we are not playing, then go into play mode - change state, hide intro image and start timer. Aside from that we want to give our bird initial up speed.

The main logic however is done in the BirdStep timer function:
    function BirdStep() {
        // update bird position
        curSpeed += gravity;                                
        cPos.y = Math.max(cPos.y + curSpeed, 0);
        var mh = board.height()-cPos.h, m = -12, lo = 0, actPipe = $('.obs');
        bird.css({top: cPos.y});
        // check if we hit the floor or other obstacles
        if (cPos.y > mh)
            return gameOver();
        for (var i = actPipe.length-1; i >= 0; i--) {
            var s = actPipe[i].style, x = parseInt(s.left), y = parseInt(s.top);
            lo = Math.max(lo, x);
            if (x+dimPipe.width +m < cPos.x || x > cPos.x+cPos.w+m)    continue;
            if (y+dimPipe.height+m < cPos.y || y > cPos.y+cPos.h+m) continue;
            return gameOver();
        }
        // check if can launch more obstacles
        if (actPipe.length > 3 || lo > 300 || Math.random() >= 0.05 * (1+noClr))
            return;
        var og = cPos.h * 2;
        var oh = og + Math.floor(Math.random() * (mh-og+1));
        var obs = $("<img /><img />").addClass('c obs').css({left:480, zIndex:3}).css(dimPipe).attr('src', 'vine.png')
            .appendTo(board).animate({left:-50}, 3000, 'linear', function() { 
                $('#score').text(' Score: ' + (score += 1 + Math.floor(++noClr/10)));
                this.remove();
            });
        obs[0].style.top = oh + 'px';
        obs[1].style.top = (oh - og - dimPipe.height) + "px";
    }
As you can see this function tries to do 3 major things:

Update bird position

Every time the BirdStep timer executed, the current bird speed get's increased by gravity and added to current bird Y position. Also at this point I'm checking to make sure bird doesn't fly above ceiling (negative Y).

Hit Testing

Here we are testing if bird didn't fall too low (Y exceeds board height) or we hitting any obstacles - loop that checks if bird's position (stored in cPos and reduced by some fudge margin - m = 12px) intersects with any of the obstacles - any objects with class of .obs. If so then the game is lost - we can just get out.

Launch new obstacles

First thing we check if new obstacles can be launched:
  • Less then 4 obstacles already on thescreen
  • Last obstacles travel some distance
  • add some random factor
If conditions are satisfied, we can launch 2 more obstacles, one on top of the other, with the gap of 2 bird sizes between randomly positioned along Y coordinate, right after right edge of the board (left = 480px).
After they are created they are animated to move off the left edge of the screen (left = -50px), at which point the score is increased and obstacles are removed. To do the animation we are using plain and simple jQuery linear animation.

Bells and wistles: parallax scrolling effect

That's pretty much a game. But so far it looks too plain. To add some umpf lets add parallax scrolling effect. Actually we are adding 2 parallax layers - the sky and the grass. We are also need to add a depth perception - in this implementation - the sky will just move slower then the grass - it should suffice. To create a parallax layer, I will create a very wide div element (16,000px) with background-repeat: repeat-x; and set desired image as a background. The browser will horisontally replicate the image. The only thing I need to do is just to add animation - set left position of the div using very handy jQuery animate:

    function Parallax(elm, tmo) {
        elm.css('left', 0).animate({left:-15360}, {
                duration:tmo*1000, easing:'linear', 
                complete : function() { Parallax(elm, tmo); } 
        });
    }
    function onTap() {
        if (state == 0) {
            ...
            Parallax($('#bGrnd'), 240);
            Parallax($('#fGrnd'), 80);
            ...
        }
    }
As you can see the code is surprisingly simple : the left position of the div is set to 0px and then linearly animated to -15,360px (the largest common denominator less then 16,000 of all the background images width - just so I don't have to add extra parameter to the function) after which the whole process repeats. The supplied argument is a time to animate - the foreground (grass) supposed to scroll for 80 seconds and background (sky) - 240 sec - 3 times slower.

Bells and wistles: rotation

Aside from parallax, it would be nice to rotate the bird - tilt it up when it flies up, and down when it falls. Also when the game is over, to show bird roll over. To do that i created simple jquery css hook. Please check jQuery documentation on detail about CSS Hooks.

    $.cssNumber.rotate = true;
    $.cssHooks.rotate = {
        set : function(el, v) {
                if (typeof v === 'string') 
                v = (v.indexOf("rad") != -1) ? parseInt(v) * 180 / Math.PI : parseInt(v);
            v = (~~v);
            if (v == ($.data(el, 'rotate') || 0)) return;
            el.style["MozTransform"] = el.style["MozTransform"] = el.style["-webkit-transform"]
                = el.style["transform"] = " rotate(" + (v % 360) + "deg)"; 
            $.data(el, 'rotate', v);
        },
        get : function(el, computed) {
            return $.data(el, 'rotate') || 0;
        }
    };
As you can see over here we are storing current rotation value in $.data("rotate") and setting element's browser specific CSS attributes to set current rotation.
To use newly acquired capability let's change our BirdStep function to rotate a bird with the angle of 5 times the speed. If bird flies up and speed negative, the bird tilts up, if bird is falling and speed is positive, the bird tilts down. On top of that we want to limit the tilt between -20 and 90 degrees - completely arbitrary:
        function BirdStep() {
            ...
            var ang = curSpeed * 5;
            bird.css({top: cPos.y, rotate:(ang < -20) ? -20 : (ang > 90) ? 90 : ang});
            ...
        }
    
Also we can introduce a nice animation when the bird dies - it will fall to the ground and rotate 540 degrees for one second and then wait for another half a second :
        function gameOver() {
            state = 2;
            $(":animated").stop();
            if (tmStep) tmStep = window.clearInterval(tmStep);
            bird.animate({ top:board.height()-cPos.h, rotate:540}, 1000)
                .animate({ top:board.height()-cPos.h}, 500, function() {
                    $('#score').text(' Score: ' + score);
                    start();
                });
        }
    
Beside that as you can see we are setting our game state to the 'die' mode so we don't check for any clicks while we are showing the animation, stop all the animations (think parallax scrolling and moving obstacles), stop the bird timer. After that we can play 'die sequence' and once done move back to the start screen.

Points of Interest

Just as I mentioned in the begining this was an initial version of the game that took me 2 hours to put together. Added a PhoneGap, threw onto the Galaxy and got completely bummed out: while working just fine on the slowest laptop, it would completely choke even on the best smart phone, so I had to spend next 2 days trying to improve performance - caching jQuery obstacles objects, accounting for time between timer executions not being as requested, ... Even with all those improvements, depending on the model of your smartphone performance may be somewhat disappointing - check it for yourself at:

As far as $50,000/day - that didn't quite materialize - in a last 3 month on the market I made a cool $20 off that game - or about $1/hr for the time I spend. Once again I attribute my success to the perfect timing and a little bit of luck. Good thing I already had Google developer account (one time $25), Apple Developer account ($99/year), Microsoft Store ($99/year) and Web Publishing ($49/year) - otherwise it could of been really expensive excersize. But since I already paid for those - it's a $20 I didn't have before - the glass is half full!

History

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

gstolarov
http://www.GaspMobileGames.com
United States United States
Writing code since 1987 using whatever language/environment you can imagine. Recently got into the mobile games. Feel free to check them out at http://www.GaspMobileGames.com

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinprofessionalRenju Vinod16-Jun-14 0:39 
QuestionGood job! PinmemberMember 24857972-Jun-14 21:19 
AnswerRe: Good job! Pinprotectorthatraja2-Jun-14 23:58 
GeneralRe: Good job! PinmemberMember 24857974-Jun-14 20:53 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinprotectorthatraja4-Jun-14 21:39 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinmembergstolarov5-Jun-14 3:51 
GeneralRe: Good job! PinmemberMember 24857975-Jun-14 12:48 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinmembergstolarov5-Jun-14 18:23 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinprotectorthatraja10-Jun-14 2:30 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinmembergstolarov13-Jun-14 13:43 
GeneralRe: Good job! Pinprotectorthatraja13-Jun-14 16:21 
AnswerDang, another time waster!! (My vote of 5) PinmemberMacSpudster2-Jun-14 5:55 
QuestionGood one Pinprotectorthatraja2-Jun-14 0:01 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberAbinash Bishoyi1-Jun-14 21:22 
QuestionMY VOTE of 5 PinmemberRavi Kant Srivastava30-May-14 20:23 
QuestionMessage Automatically Removed Pinmembertu vu anh29-May-14 5:00 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinpremiumSunasara Imdadhusen28-May-14 2:47 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinpremiumPaulo Zemek27-May-14 16:56 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pinmembergstolarov27-May-14 17:46 
SuggestionSuggestion PinmvpRanjan.D27-May-14 8:37 
GeneralRe: Suggestion Pinmembergstolarov27-May-14 12:34 

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