Before we start implementing an ASP.NET MVC application using Entity Framework, let's first understand few related concepts. Microsoft Entity Framework is basically an ORM (Object Relational Mapping) framework. So, what is an ORM?
In most of the cases when working with database driven applications, we are performing different kinds of operations on data like CRUD (Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete) operations. We might be using high level languages which are mostly object oriented like C#, VB.NET or Java, etc. On the other hand, our databases are mostly relational in nature like Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle. So, we are working with two different and incompatible type systems (i.e., Object Oriented Programming Languages with Relational Databases). So:
An ORM (Object Relational Mapping) framework provides an abstraction layer (a kind of mapping) between these two incompatible systems. It facilitates us to interact with data in an object oriented way and that’s what Microsoft Entity Framework is doing.
It can be illustrated by the following diagram:
For the purpose of implementation, I already have created two tables in database (i.e.
Product) that we will be using to interact with. Let’s follow a step by step approach to build an ASP.NET MVC application with Entity Framework.
Create ASP.NET MVC Application
Firstly, let’s create an ASP.NET MVC application “
MyProductCatalog” from menu File -> New Project.
On pressing “OK” button, an ASP.NET MVC application will be created as follows. We already have done it in more details in another ASP.NET MVC Tutorial here.
Generate Entity Data Model
Now, we need to create an Entity Data Model in our ASP.NET MVC application.
What is an Entity Data Model? As we discuss above that our databases are relational in nature, so EDM (Entity Data Model) describes our database tables and their associations in object oriented way as Entities and association between these entities.
In order to create our EDM (Entity Data Model), right click on Models folder in our solution “
MyProductCatalog” and choose “Add -> ADO.NET Entity Data Model”. Name it as
ProductCatalogModel. Further choose “Generate from database” option as follows:
Choose or create a database connection and name it as
ProductCatalogEntities as given below and press Next:
We have two database tables so choose the tables and click “Finish” button.
We can see the newly generated EDM (Entity Data Model) as follows:
We have successfully created EDM (Entity Data Model) for our Product Catalog application. In following posts on this blog, we will see how to communicate with this EDM and generate view.
Hopefully, this ASP.NET MVC tutorial provided answers to the following questions nicely:
- What is an ORM?
- Entity Framework as an ORM?
- What is an EDM (Entity Data Model) and how to create one?
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