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Optimized ASP.NET DataGrid Sorting

, 13 Aug 2004
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Minimize viewsate and database access to achieve optimized DataGrid sorting.

Introduction

Typical ASP.NET DataGrid sorting concerns database access and saving data in viewstate. So, minimizing database access times and the size of viewstate would be the key to achieve optimal DataGrid sorting solution. To minimize database access, it would be a good solution to keep data source in cache such that its time and memory will be balanced. To minimize viewstate, we can turn off the viewstate. However, if the viewstate is disabled, the built-in sorting functionality would get lost and thus the beauty of DataGrid sorting would disappear since we may have to provide extra buttons. This article introduces a way to overcome the deficiency above to achieve optimal DataGrid sorting, and also a way to minimize page viewsate while still keeping its functionality.

Non-display ASP.NET Button

For ASP.NET Button, it has two important properties: Enabled and Visible. Often, another style property is overlooked. That is, Display. If Display is set to none, the Button would disappear when it is browsed. But note that it still exists in DHTML object model and it functions like a visible button. We can use this nice feature to disable DataGrid viewstate. And then use JavaScript to transfer a click event to a non-display button to trigger page postback. In the event handler of this button at server side, we can do things as in DataGrid item command event handler.

Implementation

To demonstrate this idea, put the following piece of code in HTML page. Note that DataGrid viewstate has been turned off. A non-display button has been added in.

<asp:datagrid id="dgTest" Runat="server" Width="90%" 
          EnableViewState="False" ShowHeader="True"
          AutoGenerateColumns="False" GridLines="Horizontal" 
          BackColor="lightblue">
    <HeaderStyle Wrap="False" Font-Bold="True" BackColor="#3300cc" 
                          ForeColor="white"></HeaderStyle>
    <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="LawnGreen"></AlternatingItemStyle>
    <Columns>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Address" DataField="Address" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="City" DataField="city" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Region" DataField="Region" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="PostalCode" DataField="PostalCode" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Country" DataField="Country" 
                          ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
      <asp:TemplateColumn>
        <HeaderTemplate>
          View Detail
        </HeaderTemplate>
        <HeaderStyle HorizontalAlign="Center"></HeaderStyle>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <asp:LinkButton ID="lnkSelect" Runat="server" 
                    text="Select"></asp:LinkButton>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Center"></ItemStyle>
      </asp:TemplateColumn>
    </Columns>
</asp:datagrid>
<br>
<asp:Button ID="SortButton" style="DISPLAY:none" Runat="server" 
                                  Text="Sort"></asp:Button>

To transfer an event click to non-display button, modify head text and add some JavaScript as follows:

private void SetHeadText(SORT_ORDER order)
{
    string headtext = "<a href='#' onclick='javascript:document" + 
            ".getElementById(\"{0}\").click();'> Address</a>";
    if(order == SORT_ORDER.DESC)
    {
        this.dgTest.Columns[this.Col_Address].HeaderText = 
            string.Format(headtext,this.SortButton.ClientID);
    }
    else
    {
        this.dgTest.Columns[this.Col_Address].HeaderText = 
            string.Format(headtext,this.SortButton.ClientID);
    }
}

In button event handler, add the following code. Sort order has been saved in page viewstate.

private void SortButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    SORT_ORDER order = (SORT_ORDER)ViewState[SORTORDER];
    
    if(order == SORT_ORDER.ASC)
    {
        this.BindData(SORT_ORDER.DESC);
    }
    else
    {
        this.BindData(SORT_ORDER.ASC);
    }
}

Next is bind data. SetHeadText must be called before calling DataGrid's DataBind function.

private void BindData(SORT_ORDER order)
{
    DataView dv = this.GetDataSource().DefaultView;

    if(order == SORT_ORDER.ASC)
    {
        this.SetHeadText(SORT_ORDER.DESC);//for future
        this.ViewState[SORTORDER] = SORT_ORDER.ASC; //for current
        dv.Sort = "Address ASC";
        this.SortLabel.Text = "Current sorting order is ascending";
    }
    else
    {
        this.SetHeadText(SORT_ORDER.ASC);//for future
        this.ViewState[SORTORDER] = SORT_ORDER.DESC; //for current
        dv.Sort = "Address DESC";
        this.SortLabel.Text = "Current sorting order is descending";
    }

    this.dgTest.DataSource = dv;

    dgTest.DataBind();
}

To minimize database access, we keep data in cache.

private DataTable  RetrieveDataFromDB()
{
    string SelectString = "select * from Employees";
    
    DataTable dt = new DataTable();
    using(SqlDataAdapter adpt = new 
          SqlDataAdapter(SelectString,this.NorthWindConnStr ))
    {
        adpt.Fill(dt);
    }

    return dt;
}

private DataTable GetDataSource()
{
    object o;
    o = this.Cache[this.CacheKey];
    if (o != null)
    {
        return (DataTable)o;
    }
    else
    {
        DataTable dt = RetrieveDataFromDB();

        this.Cache.Add(this.CacheKey,dt,null, 
             System.Web.Caching.Cache.NoAbsoluteExpiration, 
             System.TimeSpan.FromMinutes(this.CacheTimeSpan),
             System.Web.Caching.CacheItemPriority.Normal,null);
        return dt;
    }

}

Live Demo

You can download code to play with.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

billxie

United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMuch easier way... PinmemberDanielHac8-Feb-05 1:23 
GeneralRe: Much easier way... PinmemberJim Rogers23-Mar-05 4:41 
GeneralRe: Much easier way... PinmemberJay Dubal128-Aug-05 6:04 
GeneralRe: Much easier way... PinmemberJim Rogers28-Aug-05 6:14 
GeneralRe: Much easier way... PinmemberM Cain10-Nov-05 12:42 

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