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Using VB.NET to Decode PDU string

, 21 Feb 2005
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Decode PDU string using VB.NET.

Online PDU Decoder

Sample screenshot

Introduction

Wish to develop SMS or EMS application? What do you read from your mobile? PDU code. PDU is a format which you send to a phone to send a SMS or an EMS. You can find more in GSM 03.40.

What is a PDU code and how can I decode it?

Let us take a simple look at PDU code. Here I created a SMS: "Hello, my pretty world!", in my Siemens M55 mobile, and send it to 1861. I use HyperTerminal to communicate with my phone using AT Command set.

First, I set my character set to Unicode:

AT+CSCS="UCS2"

Then I set my preferred message storage to MT:

AT+CPMS="MT"

At last, I read all my SMS out:

AT+CMGL=4

I find the SMS I just created in PDU format:

0891683108200805F01151048181160000FF16C8329BFD66B5F320B8BC4CA7E741F7B79C4D0E01

Now, I decode it manually:

08: Length of Service Center Number
91: Indicate there is a plus at the beginning of Service Center number
683108200805F: Service Center number: 8613800280500 Note when the length 
                                      of number is an odd number, add F.
11: Indicate this SMS will be sent.
51: TP-MR Message Reference, not common used.
04: Length of destination number. Here 1861.
81: No plus here.
8161: Destination number 1861.
00: TP-PID. See GSM 03.40
00: TP-DCS. TP-UD is coded by 7bit charactor method. See GSM 03.38
FF: TP-VP. Valid Period. Here is infinity.
16: Hex value equals to 22. This indicates there are 22 charactors in TP-UD
C8329BFD66B5F320B8BC4CA7E741F7B79C4D0E01: TP-UD, 
           decode it using 7bit charactor method.

Ha-ha, now you may know more about PDU code. Let us start our program.

What is the structure of my PDU Decoder?

I created a must inherit class SMS, it provides basic structure a SMS must have. For example: something relating to service center, first octet, TP_PID, and so on.

In this class I provide a must override sub GetOrignalData, this help me to do further work on the orignal data from PDU code. Here are also a few of shared functions:

  • GetByte()
  • GetString()
  • GetDate()
  • Swap()
  • GetAddress()
  • GetSMSType()
  • DecodeUnicode90()
  • Decode7Bit()

There shared functions will be used frequently. After SMS class, I created SMS_RECEIVED, SMS_SUBMIT, EMS_RECEIVED, EMS_SUBMIT, SMS_STATUS_REPORT classes that inherit from SMS class.

How it works?

I wanted it like, once you create an instance of one class with a PDU code, it decodes it immediately. So, I wrote some code in every Sub New.

Take SMS_RECEIVED, for example:

    Sub New(ByVal PDUCode As String)
        Type = SMS.SMSType.SMS_RECEIVED
        GetOrignalData(PDUCode)
    End Sub

The Sub GetOrignalData gets original data from PDU code. This decodes a received SMS's PDU code.

    Public Overrides Sub GetOrignalData(ByVal PDUCode As String)
        SCAddressLength = GetByte(PDUCode)
        SCAddressType = GetByte(PDUCode)
        SCAddressValue = GetAddress((GetString(PDUCode, (SCAddressLength - 1) * 2)))
        FirstOctet = GetByte(PDUCode)
        SrcAddressLength = GetByte(PDUCode)
        SrcAddressType = GetByte(PDUCode)
        SrcAddressLength += SrcAddressLength Mod 2
        SrcAddressValue = GetAddress((GetString(PDUCode, SrcAddressLength)))
        TP_PID = GetByte(PDUCode)
        TP_DCS = GetByte(PDUCode)
        TP_SCTS = GetDate(GetString(PDUCode, 14))
        TP_UDL = GetByte(PDUCode)
        TP_UD = GetString(PDUCode, TP_UDL * 2)
    End Sub

It is so easy to write some code like this after you read GSM 03.40. Shared function here helps me get what I want, a byte or a string or even a date. Note that when you get something from PDU code, it will be got rid of from the PDU code. This seemed like a good way after I failed to control the position of what PDU code I should get, because every time, the shared functions started from the beginning of PDU code.

In EMS, I write a function to get Information Element from PDU code and a structure to store it.

    Public Structure InfoElem       
        Public Identifier As Byte
        Public Length As Byte
        Public Data As String
    End Structure
    Shared Function GetIE(ByVal IECode As String) As InfoElem()
        Dim tmp As String = IECode, t As Integer = 0
        Dim result() As InfoElem
        Do Until IECode = ""
            ReDim Preserve result(t)
            With result(t)
                .Identifier = GetByte(IECode)
                .Length = GetByte(IECode)
                .Data = GetString(IECode, .Length * 2)
            End With
            t += 1
        Loop
        Return result
    End Function

Maybe, my class is not the best, but it works well Smile | :) .

How can I use this class?

If you know what the type of PDU code is, you simply create an instance of a certain type in SMS or EMS. But when you don't know the type, you use shared function GetSMSType to get the type. Then according to the type, create a certain instance of SMS class, it is decoded automatically.

Still don't know? Sorry for my poor English, run my program and see my code, you will know it better.

Are there some bugs?

Sorry, I don't find bugs when I decode PDU code from Siemens M55 mobile and Nokia 8xxx mobile, I think there will be no bugs. If you find some, please contact me. Thanks!

Some useful documents and sites

Contact me and make friends with me

My email: hesicong@mail.sc.cninfo.net; hesicong@126.com. My QQ (only in China): 38288890. My MSN: hesicong@mail.sc.cninfo.net. My homepage. My CSDN blog. In the end, thanks for using these classes!

License

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About the Author

hesicong
Web Developer
China China
I'm a undergraduate student in UESTC in China.
I have being learing computer for more than ten years. And now studying programming and have some software made by myself.
I learned SMS technology and did some work on OBEX, PDU, AT commands, IrDA and so on.
If you have interested in this field, please contact me.
And see more on my web site: http://www.hesicong.net

Comments and Discussions

 
Question?????????? PinmemberMember 1033201312-Oct-13 4:12 
QuestionPlease share same code into c# Pinmemberganesh12311118-Nov-12 1:17 
QuestionSend two sms at once PinmemberBoroumandan27-Aug-11 5:56 
GeneralError with same messages (chinese characters appear) Pinmembereyanson2-Apr-09 12:36 
QuestionHow to send a message from a mobile connected to PC using hyperterminal to another mobile PinmemberShalininl23-Dec-08 15:57 
QuestionPDU for MMS PinmemberTuftyTrue19-Aug-08 11:47 
GeneralHi Pinmemberbanuponni7-Aug-08 4:47 
GeneralHi Pinmemberbanuponni7-Aug-08 4:45 
Generalproblem with Multiple part PinmemberMuthuganesh10-Jul-08 4:49 
GeneralRe: problem with Multiple part Pinmembervash stampede10-Nov-09 23:09 
Generaltotal number of messages at the memory location Pinmemberhasanjh729-Apr-08 0:21 
GeneralRe: total number of messages at the memory location [modified] PinmemberNoener3-Jul-08 3:41 
GeneralPDU to clear text Pinmemberjan vokroj7-Jan-08 3:12 
GeneralRe: PDU to clear text Pinmemberhesicong7-Jan-08 3:45 
Generaldecoded as unicode instead of 7 bit PinmemberLambert Antonio30-Sep-07 23:24 
QuestionSMS Pinmemberjustice7519-Oct-06 18:36 
GeneralEMS not decoded properly II PinmembermasterEUO18-Oct-06 16:33 
GeneralRe: EMS not decoded properly II Pinmemberirani@sina.com25-May-07 3:41 
GeneralRe: EMS not decoded properly II PinmemberPsyris_26-Mar-10 7:21 
GeneralAn idea.. Pinmembers_ruchit9-Aug-06 3:49 
AnswerRe: An idea.. Pinmemberhesicong9-Aug-06 18:44 
GeneralRe: An idea.. Pinmembers_ruchit9-Aug-06 22:51 
AnswerRe: An idea.. Pinmemberhesicong10-Aug-06 6:16 
Generalhelp me.. Pinmembers_ruchit9-Aug-06 3:44 
GeneralRe: help me.. [modified] Pinmemberhesicong9-Aug-06 18:21 

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