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Implement POP3 and SMTP in .NET

, 4 Jan 2006
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Using socket to implement POP3 and SMTP protocol.

Introduction

This article shows how to use VB.NET to implement POP3 and SMTP protocol. There is a DLL file included in the source files, this DLL contains two classes to implement POP3 and SMTP and an extra class for e-mail's codec (base 64 only, not included in the source code because it is being tested now).

Any questions? Please contract me immediately at soldierq@msn.com.

Main functions in these Classes

The most basic functions are the same in POP3 class and the SMTP class.

Connect to Mail Server

   Private Function Connect() As Boolean
        Try
            sockPOP3.Connect(m_Remote)
 
            If sockPOP3.Connected = True Then
                sockPOP3.Receive(bufferReceive)
                Return True
            Else
                Return False
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            sockPOP3.Close()
            Throw New Exception("Failed to Connect " + 
                        "Host:" & vbCrLf & ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Function

Send Commands to Server

    Private Function SendCommand(ByVal Command As String) As Byte()
        Try
            bufferSend = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(Command & vbCrLf)
            sockPOP3.Send(bufferSend)


            Array.Clear(bufferReceive, 0, bufferReceive.Length)
            sockPOP3.Receive(bufferReceive)

            Return bufferReceive
        Catch ex As Exception
            Throw New Exception("Error In Sending " + 
               "Command To Server:" & vbCrLf & ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Function

Check Server Response

'POP3
'The pop3 server will return "+OK" when command success, 
'otherwise it will return "-ERR".
    Private Function CorrectedResponse(ByVal ReceivedBytes() As Byte, _
                        Optional ByRef Message As String = "") As Boolean
        Dim strText As String = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(ReceivedBytes)
        Message = strText
        RaiseEvent GotResponse(strText)
        If strText.StartsWith("+OK") Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function
'SMTP
'The SMTP server will return a message with a three-bit-digital 
'for each command. The first bit indicates whether the 
'command is successful or failed as show below

    Private Function CorrectedResponse(ByVal ReceivedBytes() As Byte, _
                       Optional ByRef Message As String = "") As Boolean
        'The first digital of the three digitals in 
        'response message indicates as follow:
        '1: command accepted, waiting for confirm
        '2: command executed
        '3: command accepted, waiting for more information
        '4: command refused
        '5: command failed
        Dim strText As String = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(ReceivedBytes)
        Message = strText
        RaiseEvent GotResponse(strText)
        Select Case strText.Substring(0, 1)
            Case 1, 2, 3
                Return True
            Case 4, 5
                Return False
            Case Else
                Return False
        End Select
    End Function

Commands in POP3 and SMTP

Here I'll just show you two session samples with a mail server using Microsoft Exchange. The mail class calls the SendCommand() method and the CorrectedResponse() method to send commands to the server and check the command execution results. You can find more information about the POP3 and SMTP protocol standards on the Web.

The bold string indicates it's a command:

==SMTP===
220 Microsoft ESMTP MAIL Service, Version: 5.0.2195.6713 ready at 
Fri, 13 Aug 2004 11:12:22 +0800 
helo 
250 mail.cyberrs2.com Hello [192.168.101.52] 
mail from:test@test.com 
250 2.1.0 test@test.com ....Sender OK 
rcpt to:abc@abc.com 
250 2.1.5 abc@abc.com 
data 
354 Start mail input; end with <CRLF>.<CRLF> 
subject:test test smtp & pop3 
. 
250 2.6.0 <MAILiAXL21xDenYPnDd00022f02> Queued mail for delivery 
quit 
221 2.0.0 Service closing transmission channel
==POP3==
+OK Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 POP3 6.5.6944.0 (mail.cyberrs2.com)
user test
+OK 
pass ****** 
+OK User successfully logged on. 
stat 
+OK 1 414 
list
+OK 1 414 
1 414 
. 
retr 1 
+OK 
Received: Microsoft SMTPSVC(5 .0.2195.6713); 
Fri, 13 Aug 2004 11:12:45 +0800 subject:test From: test@test.com
Bcc: 
Return-Path: test@test.com
Message-ID: <MAILiAXL21xDenYPnDd00022f02> 
X-OriginalArrivalTime: 13 Aug 2004 03:13:00.0356 (UTC) 
FILETIME=[7051D840:01C480 E3]
Date: 13 Aug 2004 11:13:00 +0800 
test smtp & pop3 
.
dele 1 
+OK 
quit 
+OK Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 POP3 6.5.6944.0

How to use the QMailClient Class

'Get mail list from serverrDim MailReceiver As QMailClient.POP3Client
MailReceiver = New POP3Client        
MailReceiver.RemoteServerAddress = "pop3.163.com"
MailReceiver.UserName = "xxx"
MailReceiver.Password = "yyyy"
'Optional, please set this TRUE when you are under firewall or 
'using antivirus software which will scan incoming and outgoing mails.
MailReceiver.IncreaseNetworkCompatible = True  
If MailReceiver.Login() = False Then
  MessageBox.Show("Login failed", "Error", _
     MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error)
  Exit Sub
End If

If Not arrList Is Nothing Then
  arrList.Clear()
  arrList = MailReceiver.GetMailList(True)
  MailReceiver.Quit()
End Iff
'Get a mail from server according to the 
'mail index which can be obtained in mail list
Dim MailReceiver As QMailClient.POP3Client
MailReceiver = New POP3Client
MailReceiver.RemoteServerAddress = "pop3.163.com"
MailReceiver.UserName = "xxx"
MailReceiver.Password = "yyyy"
MailReceiver.IncreaseNetworkCompatible = True  
Try
  MailReceiver.Login()
  'Mail Index, it can be obtain from mail list(start from 1)
  Mail = MailReceiver.RetrieveMail(MailIndex)   
Catch ex As Exception
  MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error", _
       MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error)
Finally
  MailReceiver.Quit()


End Try
'NOTES: The Retrievemail() method has two overloads which will return 
'a QMailClient.EMail object or the source code string of the mail,
'The EMail object can decode the mail automatically and 
'support many mail content type such as multipart/mixed,
'multipart/related and multipart/report.
'If you want to use your own mail decoder then just call the overload 
'function which only return mail source code (string).
'Show mail on a form or a web page
'NOTES: The code below is not assured to run because it needs some 
'form controls, here just show an example.
'The Email.body contains the plain text mail content and the 
'Email.bodyHTML contains the source HTML code of the mail 
'content if the mail is formatted in HTML
    Private Sub ShowMail()
>>        Me.lblMailDate.Text = "DATE: " & Mail.Date
>>        Me.lblMailFrom.Text = "FROM: " & Mail.From
>>        Me.lblMailSubject.Text = "SUBJECT: " & Mail.Subject
>>        Me.lblMailTo.Text = "TO: " & Mail.To
>>        'Write a temp file to show HTML mail
>>        If Mail.BodyContentType = EMail.ContentType.MultipartAlternative Then
>>            Dim file As New FileStream(FolderTmp & "tmp.html", _
                             FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None)
>>            Dim a As Encoding = Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312")
>>
>>            file.Write(a.GetBytes(Mail.BodyHTML), 0, _
                                         a.GetByteCount(Mail.BodyHTML))
>>            file.Close()
>>            Me.rtxtContent.Text = Mail.Body
>>            Me.tbtnHTML.Enabled = True
>>        ElseIf Mail.BodyContentType = EMail.ContentType.MultipartRelated Then
>>            Dim file As New FileStream(FolderTmp & "tmp.html", _
                          FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None)
>>            Dim a As Encoding = Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312")
>>
>>            Dim att As MailAttachment
>>            Dim strBody As String = Mail.BodyHTML
>>            For Each att In Mail.Attachments
>>                If att.ContentID <> "" Then
>>                    strBody = strBody.Replace("cid:" & att.ContentID, _
                                                            att.FileName)
>>                    att.SaveToFile(FolderTmp & att.FileName)
>>                End If
>>            Next
>>
>>            file.Write(a.GetBytes(strBody), 0, a.GetByteCount(strBody))
>>            file.Close()
>>            Me.rtxtContent.Text = Mail.Body
>>            Me.tbtnHTML.Enabled = True
>>        Else
>>            Me.rtxtContent.Text = Mail.Body
>>            Me.tbtnHTML.Enabled = False
>>        End If
>>
>>        If Mail.Attachments.Count <> 0 Then
>>            Dim mailAttach As MailAttachment
>>
>>            For Each mailAttach In Mail.Attachments
>>                'Create a empty file in order to get icon
>>                Dim strExName As String = _
>>                   FileInformation.GetFileExtendedName(mailAttach.FileName)
>>                Dim strmFile As New _
>>                   FileStream(FolderTmp & "ico." & strExName, _
>>                                                          FileMode.Create)
>>                strmFile.Close()
>>
>>                Dim fsi As System.IO.FileSystemInfo
>>                fsi = New FileInfo(FolderTmp & "ico." & strExName)
>>                imgFileIcons.Images.Add(IconExtractor.GetSmallIcon(fsi))
>>                lstvAttachments.Items.Add(_
                            SysInfomation.GetFileNameFromFilePath(_
                                               mailAttach.FileName), _
                                               imgFileIcons.Images.Count - 1)
>>            Next
>>            Me.grpbxAttach.Visible = True
>>        End If
>>    End Sub
'Sending a mail
>>>>       Dim mailSend As New QMailClient.EMail
                       'Use ";" to splite multi-receivers
>>>>       mailSend.To = "abc@bcd.com;dd@dd.com"   
>>>>       mailSend.Cc = "cc@dd.com"
>>>>       mailSend.Subject = "test"
>>>>       mailSend.Body = "test1"
>>>>       mailSend.From = "abc@abc.com"
>>>>              
>>>>       Dim mailClient As New SMTPClient
>>>>       mailClient.RemoteServerAddress = "pop3.163.com"
>>>>             
>>>>       mailClient.IncreaseNetworkCompatible = True
>>>>
>>>>       If mailClient.Connect = True Then
>>>>                    
>>>>           mailClient.UserName = "user"
>>>>           mailClient.Password = "pass"
>>>>                      
>>>>           If mailClient.AuthLogin = False Then
>>>>               MessageBox.Show("Authentication failed", _
                                   "Error", MessageBoxButtons.OK, _
                                              MessageBoxIcon.Error)
>>>>                            
>>>>               Exit Sub
>>>>           End If
>>>>               
>>>>                   
>>>>           mailClient.SendMail(mailSend)
>>>>          
>>>>           mailClient.Quit()
>>>>
>>>>           mailClient = Nothing
>>>>       End If

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

TonyTonyQ
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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to search in OLD emails or how to retrieve old emails? PinmemberMember 456788820-Feb-14 0:00 
AnswerRe: How to search in OLD emails or how to retrieve old emails? PinprofessionalTonyTonyQ22-Apr-14 23:11 
BugCrashes on badly formed from addresses PinmemberMember 361026326-Mar-13 22:37 
QuestionError: Charset not supported: 3Diso-8859-= PinmemberKGRBernd20-Oct-11 23:54 
QuestionHow to filter POP3 Email from Junk Mail ? Pinmemberhoi20-Oct-10 16:47 
GeneralSending mail: Null reference Pinmemberdevastator78930-Sep-10 10:32 
GeneralRe: Sending mail: Null reference Pinmemberdevastator78930-Sep-10 10:57 
QuestionWhere is the DLL file for this project? PinmemberTony Girgenti30-Jun-10 9:25 
AnswerRe: Where is the DLL file for this project? Pinmemberdevastator78930-Sep-10 9:27 
GeneralRe: Where is the DLL file for this project? PinmemberTony Girgenti30-Sep-10 10:10 
GeneralRe: Where is the DLL file for this project? Pinmemberdevastator78930-Sep-10 10:35 
GeneralAn established connection was aborted by the software in your host machine Pinmemberank6516-Jun-10 17:22 
QuestionI am confused - please helps peeps Pinmemberdielan master14-Apr-10 14:25 
GeneralI am confused Pinmemberdielan master14-Apr-10 14:24 
QuestionUnicode attachment format not support PinmemberPraveen Kumar26-Feb-10 22:51 
Generalgetmaillist PinmemberRezTiNpeaCe10-Feb-10 9:17 
Questioncan't use HttpUtility Pinmembervillamind10-Oct-09 4:17 
AnswerRe: can't use HttpUtility PinmemberMember 385703511-Jul-10 4:47 
GeneralAbout getting attachment from MailList Pinmemberfriendprach10-Oct-09 0:27 
GeneralRe: About getting attachment from MailList Pinmembermaslopo3-May-10 4:14 
GeneralAbout UniqueID Pinmemberfriendprach9-Oct-09 19:22 
GeneralAbout retreiving Gmail Mail using above code Pinmemberfriendprach9-Oct-09 19:03 
GeneralSaveToStream problem Pinmembervoellinger11-Sep-09 11:03 
Generalthank you TonyTonyQ PinmemberMember 287396824-Aug-09 7:03 
Questionpop3 massege login failed With email Gmail [modified] Pinmemberkhalidys24-Aug-09 2:13 

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