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FTP Client Class

, 8 Dec 2012
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A non-MFC class to encapsulate the FTP protocol.

Introduction

CFTPClient is a class to encapsulate the FTP protocol. I have tried to implement it as platform independent. For the purpose of communication, I have used the classes CBlockingSocket, CSockAddr, ... from David J. Kruglinski's "Inside Visual C++". These classes are only small wrappers for the sockets-API. Further, I have used a smart pointer-implementation from Scott Meyers "Effective C++, More Effective C++, Effective STL". The implementation of the logon-sequence (with Firewall support) was published in an article on CodeGuru by Phil Anderson. The code for the parsing of different FTP LIST responses is taken from D. J. Bernstein's (parsing code). I only wrapped the C code in a class. I haven't tested the code on other platforms, but I think with little modifications it would compile and run smoothly.

The main features are:

  • not based on MFC-sockets,
  • not using other MFC-stuffs like CString (uses STL),
  • supports Firewalls,
  • supports resuming,
  • supports file eXchange Protocol (FXP) - uses FTP to transfer data directly from one remote server to another (servers must support this feature),
  • testet under Windows with Visual Studio 2008,
  • testet under Linux (Suse 11.4) with Qt,
  • smart pointer implementation can be easily replaced with boost::shared_ptr or std::shared_ptr by defining USE_BOOST_SMART_PTR or USE_STD_SMART_PTR,
  • parser which parses the output of the LIST command can be replaced by implementing the interface "IFileListParser",
  • can be easily extended.

The example shows how easy it is to use this class. With a few lines of code you can log the communication or visualize file transfers. Notice: The example is not a fully functional FTP-client-application. The example application is only for Windows platforms.

Background

The official specification of the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the RFC 959. Most of the documentation in my code are taken from this RFC.

Using the code

There are a lot of classes. But most of them are just simple "datatypes". The most important ones are the following:

  • CFTPClient
    The heart of the application. It accepts a CLogonInfo object. Handles the complete communication with the FTP-server like:
    • get directory listing,
    • download/upload files,
    • delete directories/files,
    • walk through directory-tree,
    • passive mode,
    • ...
  • CLogonInfo
    A simple data structure for logon information, such as host, username, password, firewall, ...
  • CFTPClient::IFileListParser
    Interface for defining a parser class which can be set in the CFTPClient class for parsing the output of the LIST command.

  • CFTPClient::ITransferNotification
    Implementations of this interface can be used in the Download and Upload methods for controlling the byte streams which are be downloaded/uploaded. This can be used for example to download a file only into memory instead of a local file (see class COutputStream).

  • CFTPClient::CNotification
    The base class for notification mechanism. The class which derives from CFTPClient::CNotifaction can be attached to the CFTPClient class as an observer. The CFTPClient object notifies all the attached observers about the various actions (see example application):

    void TestFTP()
    {
       nsFTP::CFTPClient ftpClient;
       nsFTP::CLogonInfo logonInfo(_T("localhost"), 21, _T("anonymous"),
                                               _T("<a href="mailto:anonymous@user.com">anonymous@user.com"));
    
       // connect to server
       ftpClient.Login(logonInfo);
    
       // get directory listing
       nsFTP::TFTPFileStatusShPtrVec list;
       ftpClient.List(_T("/"), list);
    
       // iterate listing
       for( nsFTP::TFTPFileStatusShPtrVec::iterator it=list.begin();
                                                it!=list.end(); ++it )
           TRACE(_T("\n%s"), (*it)->Name().c_str());
    
       // do file operations
       ftpClient.DownloadFile(_T("/pub/test.txt"), _T("c:\\temp\\test.txt"));
    
       ftpClient.UploadFile(_T("c:\\temp\\test.txt"), _T("/upload/test.txt"));
    
       ftpClient.Rename(_T("/upload/test.txt"), _T("/upload/NewName.txt"));
    
       ftpClient.Delete(_T("/upload/NewName.txt"));
    
       // disconnect
       ftpClient.Logout();
    }
    
    void TestFXP()
    {
       nsFTP::CFTPClient ftpClientSource;
       nsFTP::CLogonInfo logonInfoSource(_T("sourceftpserver"), 21, _T("anonymous"),
                                                           _T("<a href="mailto:anonymous@user.com">anonymous@user.com"));
    
       nsFTP::CFTPClient ftpClientTarget;
       nsFTP::CLogonInfo logonInfoTarget(_T("targetftpserver"), 21, _T("anonymous"),
                                                           _T("<a href="mailto:anonymous@user.com">anonymous@user.com"));
    
       // connect to server
       ftpClientSource.Login(logonInfoSource);
       ftpClientTarget.Login(logonInfoTarget);
    
    
       // do file operations
       nsFTP::CFTPClient::TransferFile(ftpClientSource, _T("/file.txt"),
                                       ftpClientTarget, _T("/newFile.txt"));
    
    
       // disconnect
       ftpClientTarget.Logout();
       ftpClientSource.Logout();
    }
    
    
    void TestDownloadAsciiFileIntoTextBuffer()
    {
       nsFTP::CFTPClient ftpClientSource;
       nsFTP::CLogonInfo logonInfoSource(_T("sourceftpserver"), 21, _T("anonymous"),
                                                           _T("<a href="mailto:anonymous@user.com">anonymous@user.com</a>"));
    
       // connect to server
       ftpClientSource.Login(logonInfoSource);
    
       nsFTP::COutputStream outputStream(_T("\r\n"), _T("Example"));
    
       // do file operations
       ftpClientSource.DownloadFile(_T("/file.txt"), outputStream,
                                    nsFTP::CRepresentation(nsFTP::CType::ASCII()));
    
       tstring output = outputStream.GetBuffer();
    
       // disconnect
       ftpClientSource.Logout();
    }
    
    

History

  • 2004-10-25 - First public release.
  • 2005-12-04 - Version 1.1
    • Some interfaces changed (e.g. CNotification).
    • Bug in OpenPassiveDataConnection removed: SendCommand was called before data connection was established.
    • Bugs in GetSingleResponseLine removed:
      • Infinite loop if the response line doesn't end with CRLF.
      • Return value of std:string->find must be checked against npos.
    • Now runs in Unicode.
    • Streams removed.
    • Explicit detaching of observers are not necessary anymore.
    • ExecuteDatachannelCommand now accepts an ITransferNotification object. Through this concept there is no need to write the received files to a file. For example, the bytes can be written only in memory or another TCP stream.
    • Added an interface for the blocking socket (IBlockingSocket). Therefore it is possible to exchange the socket implementation, e.g. for writing unit tests (by simulating a specific scenario of a FTP communication).
    • Replaced the magic numbers concerning the reply codes with a class.
    • New example added. A console application created with Bloodshed Dev-C++. It is only a small application which should demonstrate the use of the classes in a non Microsoft environment.
  • 2012-12-02 - Version 2.0
    • fixed some bugs
    • introduced more "data types" for more secure interfaces
    • code modified so it also runs under Linux
    • support for file eXchange Protocol (FXP)

What will be done next

  • Example application with Linux GNU-C++.
  • New features for FTP client class (for example: copy and delete recursively).
  • Unit tests.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

otom
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Germany Germany
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GeneralWSAStartup Problem Pinmemberwolf30572-Jan-11 14:58 

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