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Yet Another Transparent Static Control

, 14 Dec 2004
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Two other methods of making a transparent static control.

Sample Image - TransparentStatic.jpg

Introduction

There are many ways to develop a transparent static control. I like two approaches in particular, because they are simple and they get the job done. When you think about placing a static control with a transparent background on your window, the one important thing you have to consider is, whether the background is static or dynamic. The problem of having a static control changes depending on what is displayed in the background.

Method 1

If the background is static, then the best approach is to make a copy of the area on the parent window behind the static control before it is drawn for the first time, and then simply copy the image back to the parent every time the static control needs to be redrawn. The advantage of this approach is its flicker free display every time the static control is changed.

LRESULT CTransparentStatic2::OnSetText(WPARAM wParam,LPARAM lParam)
{

   LRESULT Result = Default();
   Invalidate();
   UpdateWindow();
   return Result;
}

HBRUSH CTransparentStatic2::CtlColor(CDC* pDC, UINT /*nCtlColor*/)
{
   pDC->SetBkMode(TRANSPARENT);
   return (HBRUSH)GetStockObject(NULL_BRUSH);
}

BOOL CTransparentStatic2::OnEraseBkgnd(CDC* pDC)
{
   if (m_Bmp.GetSafeHandle() == NULL)
   {
      CRect Rect;
      GetWindowRect(&Rect);
      CWnd *pParent = GetParent();
      ASSERT(pParent);
      pParent->ScreenToClient(&Rect); //convert our corrdinates to our parents

      //copy what's on the parents at this point
      CDC *pDC = pParent->GetDC();
      CDC MemDC;
      MemDC.CreateCompatibleDC(pDC);
      m_Bmp.CreateCompatibleBitmap(pDC,Rect.Width(),Rect.Height());
      CBitmap *pOldBmp = MemDC.SelectObject(&m_Bmp);

      MemDC.BitBlt(0,0,Rect.Width(),Rect.Height(),pDC,Rect.left,Rect.top,SRCCOPY);

      MemDC.SelectObject(pOldBmp);

      pParent->ReleaseDC(pDC);
   }
   else //copy what we copied off the parent the first time back onto the parent
   {
      CRect Rect;
      GetClientRect(Rect);
      CDC MemDC;
      MemDC.CreateCompatibleDC(pDC);
      CBitmap *pOldBmp = MemDC.SelectObject(&m_Bmp);
      pDC->BitBlt(0,0,Rect.Width(),Rect.Height(),&MemDC,0,0,SRCCOPY);
      MemDC.SelectObject(pOldBmp);
   }

   return TRUE;
}

Method 2

The other approach comes in handy when the parent window's background is dynamic. If the parent window's background is constantly changing then the above approach will not look too nice. So instead of all the copying, what the static control should do is invalidate the area of the parent where the control resides every time its text is changed. This method is much simpler than the one before, but it could flicker if the text is changed at a rapid rate.

LRESULT CTransparentStatic::OnSetText(WPARAM wParam,LPARAM lParam)

{
   LRESULT Result = Default();
   CRect Rect;
   GetWindowRect(&Rect);
   GetParent()->ScreenToClient(&Rect);
   GetParent()->InvalidateRect(&Rect);
   GetParent()->UpdateWindow();
   return Result;

}

HBRUSH CTransparentStatic::CtlColor(CDC* pDC, UINT /*nCtlColor*/)

{
   pDC->SetBkMode(TRANSPARENT);
   return (HBRUSH)GetStockObject(NULL_BRUSH);

}

Keep an eye out for a Transparent Edit control and Transparent Listbox.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Ali Rafiee
Architect
United States United States
Ali Rafiee has been developing windows applications using C++ since 1991, and he hasn't looked back since. Ali has been a software development consultant for must of his career, but he has finally settled down and has been working for an educational software company since 2000. While he is not working, he is either learning C#, flying airplanes, playing with his daughter, or answering peoples question on newsgroups, he finds that to be a great learning tool for himself.
 
Ali is also a Microsoft Visual C++ MVP.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: HOLLOW_BRUSH is NOT enough PinmemberMoak14-Mar-08 2:23 
QuestionTransparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... Pinmemberouquoi16-Feb-06 5:02 
AnswerRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... PinmemberAli Rafiee16-Feb-06 9:59 
GeneralRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... Pinmemberouquoi16-Feb-06 21:47 
GeneralRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... PinmemberAli Rafiee17-Feb-06 4:33 
GeneralRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... Pinmemberouquoi19-Feb-06 21:25 
AnswerRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... PinmemberDouglas R. Keesler6-Mar-06 17:53 
AnswerRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... Pinmembercaoxiang13-Mar-06 2:35 
AnswerRe: Transparency when dialog is not showed then showed ... Pinmembercaoxiang13-Mar-06 2:37 
QuestionTransparent Radio Button? PinmemberNobser1-Feb-06 8:32 
AnswerRe: Transparent Radio Button? PinmemberNobser1-Feb-06 21:17 
Questionwhy bitmap static or static1 can show up? PinmemberAnonymousBabe@usa.net20-Sep-05 17:46 
AnswerRe: why bitmap static or static1 can show up? PinmemberAliRafiee21-Sep-05 7:55 
GeneralRe: why bitmap static or static1 can show up? PinmemberAnonymousBabe@usa.net22-Sep-05 15:16 
GeneralRe: why bitmap static or static1 can show up? PinmemberAliRafiee23-Sep-05 5:46 
QuestionTransparent ListBox? Pinmemberiesoft10-Aug-05 10:39 
AnswerRe: Transparent ListBox? PinmemberAliRafiee10-Aug-05 11:17 
GeneralRe: Transparent ListBox? PinmemberAliRafiee11-Aug-05 6:30 
GeneralProblem with static method PinmemberCeri29-Jun-05 23:44 
GeneralRe: Problem with static method PinmemberAliRafiee1-Jul-05 5:35 
AnswerRe: Problem with static method PinmemberDouglas R. Keesler6-Mar-06 18:24 
GeneralDoes not work when control is created via Create() method PinmemberRalph5-Apr-05 9:37 
GeneralRe: Does not work when control is created via Create() method PinmemberAliRafiee5-Apr-05 9:51 
GeneralRe: Does not work when control is created via Create() method Pinmemberavatar3d23-Jun-05 15:58 
GeneralRe: Does not work when control is created via Create() method PinmemberAliRafiee21-Sep-05 8:00 

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