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ASCII art with C#

, 30 Jan 2005
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About writing an image to ASCII converter.

Sample Image - ascii_art_with_c_.jpg

Introduction

Behind the scenes: I like C# and I like ASCII art. So I asked myself if somebody has written some image to ASCII application in C#. I Googled but found nothing. I did image manipulation stuff for my company and so I decided to build a basic image-to-ASCII conversion library in C#.

You can see a running sample here.

Step 1: The Upload Form.

To keep it quite simple, I just check the content type and let my library do the rest.

if(File1.PostedFile.ContentType=="image/gif" ||
    File1.PostedFile.ContentType=="image/jpg" ||
    File1.PostedFile.ContentType=="image/jpeg" ||
    File1.PostedFile.ContentType=="image/pjpeg" ||
    File1.PostedFile.ContentType=="image/bmp")
   {
        Output.Text = "<xmp>" +
        StaticDust.AsciiArt.ConvertImage(
         File1.PostedFile.InputStream) +
        "</xmp>";
   }
   else
   {
        ...

Step 2: The Library

The first thing I do is of course load the image:

Image _img = Image.FromStream(stream);
Bitmap _image = 
 new Bitmap(_img, new Size(_img.Width, _img.Height));
_img.Dispose();

Next I grayscale the image - you'll see later why.

Rectangle bounds = 
 new Rectangle(0, 0, _image.Width, _image.Height);

ColorMatrix _matrix = new ColorMatrix();
_matrix[0,0] = 1/3f;
_matrix[0,1] = 1/3f;
_matrix[0,2] = 1/3f;
_matrix[1,0] = 1/3f;
_matrix[1,1] = 1/3f;
_matrix[1,2] = 1/3f;
_matrix[2,0] = 1/3f;
_matrix[2,1] = 1/3f;
_matrix[2,2] = 1/3f;

ImageAttributes _attributes = 
 new ImageAttributes();
_attributes.SetColorMatrix(_matrix);

Graphics gphGrey = Graphics.FromImage(_image);
gphGrey.DrawImage(_image, 
 bounds, 
 0, 
 0, 
 _image.Width, 
 _image.Height,
 GraphicsUnit.Pixel, 
 _attributes);

gphGrey.Dispose();

O.K. Now, we get to the interesting part.

for(int h=0; h<_image.Height/10; h++)
{
    int _startY = (h*10);

    for(int w=0; w<_image.Width/5; w++)
    {
         int _startX = (w*5);
         int _allBrightness = 0;
         ...

I loop through the image's pixels and because I don't want one ASCII character per pixel, I take one per 10/5. To let every pixel influence the resulting ASCII char, I loop them and calculate the brightness of the amount.

for(int y=0; y<10; y++)
{
    for(int x=0; x<10; x++)
    {
        int _cY = y + _startY;
        int _cX = x + _startX;
        try
        {
            Color _c = _image.GetPixel(_cX, _cY);
            int _b = (int)(_c.GetBrightness() * 10);
            _allBrightness = (_allBrightness + _b);
        }
        catch
        {
            _allBrightness = (_allBrightness + 10);
        }
        ...

Finally, I append different ASCII characters based on the calculated amount:

int _sb = (_allBrightness/10);
if(_sb<25)
{
    _asciiart.Append("#");
}
else if(_sb<30)
{
    ...

That's all

Thanks to The Code Project and Chris Maunder, newtelligence and greetings to all C# coders out there.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Daniel Fisher (lennybacon)
Software Developer
Germany Germany
Beginning of the nineties started to assemble computers and configure networks. Automation lead to batching and scripting. Arrived on the other side of the trench the HTTP protocol is a constant companion. the journey began with JavaScript, then Perl, PHP and ASP with Visual Basic 5 and JScript, ending with Java and C++. End of the nineties starting to focus .NET, streaked Python, and now JavaScript again. He develops, teaches, trains, coaches and speaks. His topics: HTML5 & Web, Data Access & Performance, Scalable & Testable Designs, Distributed Systems & Services, Security & Trust.
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberconscab18-Jan-13 1:31 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)18-Jan-13 2:26 
QuestionHELP me what to do next PinmemberMember 97233272-Jan-13 7:54 
QuestionHELP PinmemberMember 97233272-Jan-13 7:53 
AnswerRe: HELP PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)18-Jan-13 2:26 
Generalthe best PinmemberEvgeniy_9213-Oct-10 10:27 
GeneralYour application in Window Form flavor! PinmemberE! Ray K10-Sep-08 10:24 
GeneralAnother approach... PinmemberDoodie Woddy Doodlechips16-Mar-08 3:51 
QuestionHow to convert from Ascii to Image [modified] Pinmembernaveensri13-Jul-06 2:12 
GeneralGrayscale, GetPixel method confusion Pinmemberallapg21-Jun-05 17:08 
GeneralRe: Grayscale, GetPixel method confusion PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)21-Jun-05 23:23 
GeneralRe: Grayscale, GetPixel method confusion PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)21-Jun-05 23:24 
GeneralRe: Grayscale, GetPixel method confusion Pinmemberallapg22-Jun-05 18:02 
GeneralRe: Grayscale, GetPixel method confusion PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)23-Jun-05 2:39 
GeneralCrop Image Pinmemberaaccoobb31-Mar-05 0:15 
GeneralRe: Crop Image PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)21-Jun-05 23:25 
QuestionWhat kind of methods? PinmemberSnowjade2-Mar-05 16:03 
AnswerRe: What kind of methods? PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)3-Mar-05 21:34 
GeneralAn improvement... PinmemberMiguel Lopes14-Feb-05 0:26 
GeneralNow this is just too cool! PinmemberGISnet29-Jan-05 19:19 
GeneralBeautiful program PinmemberPhan Dung27-Jan-05 15:25 
GeneralNice and can be perfect Pinmemberkawzaki25-Jan-05 17:32 
GeneralRe: Nice and can be perfect PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)26-Jan-05 1:15 
Generaladd in install PinmemberPyro Joe22-Jan-05 16:49 
GeneralRe: add in install PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)22-Jan-05 23:23 
GeneralA little typo in your code PinmemberEirik18-Jan-05 20:46 
GeneralRe: A little typo in your code PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)18-Jan-05 22:15 
Questionhow about html conversion Pinsussnokiko12-Jan-05 22:53 
AnswerRe: how about html conversion PinsussMatthew Hanna26-Jun-05 8:09 
GeneralRe: how about html conversion PinmemberMatthew Hanna26-Jun-05 13:50 
Questionhow about html conversion Pinmembernokiko12-Jan-05 22:53 
GeneralVery cool btw: I ported it to VB.net PinmemberPaul Farry5-Jan-05 20:45 
GeneralRe: Very cool btw: I ported it to VB.net PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)6-Jan-05 0:30 
GeneralRe: Very cool btw: I ported it to VB.net PinsussPaul Farry6-Jan-05 8:17 
GeneralRe: Very cool btw: I ported it to VB.net PinsussAnonymous20-Jan-05 13:31 
GeneralRe: Very cool btw: I ported it to VB.net PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)21-Jan-05 0:08 
GeneralRe: Very cool btw: I ported it to VB.net Pinmemberlennybacon14-May-07 22:48 
GeneralFun PinmemberMike Ellison5-Jan-05 7:45 
GeneralOk, this is just cool.... Pinmemberwebguy5531-Dec-04 11:29 
GeneralRe: Ok, this is just cool.... PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)2-Jan-05 21:53 
GeneralIf you like theese PinmemberJuMaCaBo29-Dec-04 4:15 
GeneralYou were MSDN-blogged :-) PinsitebuilderUwe Keim28-Dec-04 17:45 
GeneralRe: You were MSDN-blogged :-) PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)29-Dec-04 6:29 
Questionhow to install it? PinmemberMr.Prakash27-Dec-04 21:48 
AnswerRe: how to install it? PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)28-Dec-04 0:37 
GeneralWhy not include the project file? PinmemberSteven Fowler28-Dec-04 3:36 
Your source files do not include the project file.
 
Steve Fowler
GeneralRe: Why not include the project file? PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)28-Dec-04 14:49 
GeneralRe: Why not include the project file? PinsussSteven Fowler29-Dec-04 5:40 
GeneralRe: Why not include the project file? PinmemberDaniel Fisher (lennybacon)29-Dec-04 6:35 
GeneralCool one!!! PinmemberRajesh Pillai27-Dec-04 4:33 

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