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Tracking The Mouse In A View

, 7 May 2001
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Track a mouse click, even in a scrolled view
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Introduction

Recently, I had a project that required the user to be able to click on the screen (in the client window) and get info about the item he clicked on. This also had to work if the client window had been scrolled. While not a tough programming problem, I had to spend a couple of hours on the MSDN CD trying to get things sorted out in my already full brain. To help others who don't have the MSDN CDs (or the time to spend weeding through the MSDN CDs), I'm publishing some sample code here.

The sample program is a SDI application created in VC6 using AppWizard. No functionality was added to the program other than the drawing and mouse tracking that I wish to demonstrate.

Demonstrated techniques:

  • Tracking the mouse cursor in a view
  • Updating main status bar from a view
  • Changing the current cursor
  • Converting a point to values relative to various points on the screen
  • Clickable regions in a scrolled window

How It Works

The actual drawing of the items on the screen is pretty much a trivial issue, so I won't go over actual mechanics of the drawing itself. The sample draws six groups of six items which include a group header, and a label and a horizontal bar for each group sub-item. These bars represent a fictional percentage value used solely for the purpose of making the output resemble something slightly useful.

As each item is drawn, I save the label and the bounding rectangle coordinates for that item into a CTypedPtrArray. Once the screen is drawn, the real fun starts.

Tracking The Mouse

The program tracks and displays the mouse's current position in the status bar. Three values are displayed - the actual client window position (as calculated form the top/left corner of the client window), the desktop position (relative to the top/left corner of the windows desktop), and finally, the logical client window position (relative to the scrolled top/left corner of the client window). This last position is the one we use for the rest of the program.

When the user left-clicks in the client window, the program cycles through all of the saved regions in the CTypedPtrArray, and if the point is contained within the previously saved rectangle coordinates, the program displays a message box, telling the user which area he clicked on.

As an added bonus, the cursor changes to a cross whenever it is positioned within a "clickable" area,

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

John Simmons / outlaw programmer
Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
I've been paid as a programmer since 1982 with experience in Pascal, and C++ (both self-taught), and began writing Windows programs in 1991 using Visual C++ and MFC. In the 2nd half of 2007, I started writing C# Windows Forms and ASP.Net applications, and have since done WPF, Silverlight, WCF, web services, and Windows services.
 
My weakest point is that my moments of clarity are too brief to hold a meaningful conversation that requires more than 30 seconds to complete. Thankfully, grunts of agreement are all that is required to conduct most discussions without committing to any particular belief system.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to detect mouse-click event? PinmemberAlex Bikov1-Feb-02 9:18 
Generalflicker PinmemberAdam Keadey30-Aug-01 6:10 
GeneralRe: flicker PinmemberDarren Schroeder12-Oct-01 8:39 
GeneralRe: flicker PinmemberJohn Simmons / outlaw programmer20-Oct-01 5:08 
GeneralRe: flicker, caused by not handling WM_SETCURSOR PinmemberRoger Allen5-Nov-01 5:34 
GeneralRe: flicker, caused by not handling WM_SETCURSOR PinsussAnonymous19-Nov-04 0:36 
GeneralWarning PinmemberJohn Simmons / outlaw programmer24-Jan-01 5:18 
GeneralRe: Warning Pinmemberpist1-Nov-04 2:48 

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