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IEHelper - Internet Explorer Helper Class

, 21 Jun 2004
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This article show how to use IWebBrowser2, IHTMLDocument2 and IHTMLElement objects.

Introduction

The purpose of this article is to show how to use IWebBrowser2, IHTMLDocument2 and IHTMLElement objects.

Creating a new web browser object

Let's start with a very simple example: How to create a new Internet Explorer window. The code below shows how to do this:

HRESULT hr;
IWebBrowser2* pWebBrowser = NULL;
hr = CoCreateInstance (CLSID_InternetExplorer, NULL, 
  CLSCTX_SERVER, IID_IWebBrowser2, (LPVOID*)&pWebBrowser);
    
if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pWebBrowser != NULL))
{
    m_pWebBrowser->put_Visible (VARIANT_TRUE);
    // OK, we created a new IE Window and made it visible
    // You can use pWebBrowser object to do whatever you want to do!
}
else
{
    // Failed to create a new IE Window.
    // Check out pWebBrowser object and
    // if it is not NULL (should never happen), the release it!
    if (pWebBrowser)
        pWebBrowser->Release ();
}

Connecting to a running instance of IE

Creating a new IE window is a fairly easy task. But what if you want to use an existing Internet Explorer window, instead of creating a new IE window? Well, in this case, the task is more complicated. The function below finds an Internet Explorer window. sTitleToSearch is the title of the web page to be searched for. Usage of wildcard characters is allowed. If you want to find any IE window, then just enter "*" as the title.

bool CMyInternetExplorer::FindUsingTitle 
              (const CString & sTitleToSearch)
{
    if (m_pWebBrowser != NULL)
    {
        m_pWebBrowser->Release ();
        m_pWebBrowser = NULL;
    }

    HRESULT hr;
    SHDocVw::IShellWindowsPtr spSHWinds; 
    hr = spSHWinds.CreateInstance (__uuidof(SHDocVw::ShellWindows)); 
    
    if (FAILED (hr))
        return false;

    ASSERT (spSHWinds != NULL);
    
    long nCount = spSHWinds->GetCount ();

    IDispatchPtr spDisp;
    
    for (long i = 0; i < nCount; i++)
    {
        _variant_t va (i, VT_I4);
        spDisp = spSHWinds->Item (va);
        
        IWebBrowser2 * pWebBrowser = NULL;
        hr = spDisp.QueryInterface (IID_IWebBrowser2, & pWebBrowser);
        
        if (pWebBrowser != NULL)
        {
            HRESULT hr;
            IDispatch* pHtmlDocDispatch = NULL;
            IHTMLDocument2 * pHtmlDoc = NULL;
            
            // Retrieve the document object.
            hr = pWebBrowser->get_Document (&pHtmlDocDispatch);
            
            if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDocDispatch != NULL))
            {
                // Query for IPersistStreamInit.
                hr = pHtmlDocDispatch->QueryInterface 
                   (IID_IHTMLDocument2,  (void**)&pHtmlDoc);
                if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDoc != NULL))
                {
                    CString sTitle;

                    HWND hWnd = NULL;
                    pWebBrowser->get_HWND ((long*)(&hWnd));
                    if (::IsWindow (hWnd))
                    {
                        int nLen = ::GetWindowTextLength (hWnd);
                        ::GetWindowText (hWnd, 
                          sTitle.GetBufferSetLength (nLen), 
                          nLen + 1);
                        sTitle.ReleaseBuffer ();
                    }
                    
                    // If I cannot get the window title
                    // (should never happen though)
                    // So, lets just use the title of the document
                    if (sTitle.IsEmpty ())
                    {
                        BSTR bstrTitle;
                        hr = pHtmlDoc->get_title (&bstrTitle);
                        if (!FAILED (hr))
                        {
                            sTitle = bstrTitle;
                            SysFreeString (bstrTitle); 
                        }
                    }
                    
                    if (StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase 
                                     (sTitleToSearch, sTitle))
                    {
                        m_pWebBrowser = pWebBrowser;
                        pHtmlDoc->Release ();
                        pHtmlDocDispatch->Release ();
                        // Exit the method safely!
                        return true;
                    }
                    pHtmlDoc->Release();
                }
                pHtmlDocDispatch->Release ();
            }
            pWebBrowser->Release ();
        }
    }
    
    return false;
}

This approach is described in MSDN in more detail. Click here to get more information.

This approach uses SHDocVw.ShellWindows collection to enumerate all the instances of shell windows. The ShellWindows object represents a collection of the open windows that belong to the shell. In fact, this collection contains references to Internet Explorer as well as other windows belonging to the shell, such as the Windows Explorer. To differentiate between Internet Explorer and other shell windows, we just try to get the HTML document of the shell window. If we get the document successfully, then this instance of ShellWindow is in fact an Internet Explorer window.

Navigate to a web page

Now, after we get the web browser object and store it in the variable m_pWebBrowser, it is very easy to navigate to a web page.

void CMyInternetExplorer::Navigate(LPCTSTR lpszURL, DWORD dwFlags /* = 0 */,
    LPCTSTR lpszTargetFrameName /* = NULL */ ,
    LPCTSTR lpszHeaders /* = NULL */, LPVOID lpvPostData /* = NULL */,
    DWORD dwPostDataLen /* = 0 */)
{
    CString strURL (lpszURL);
    BSTR bstrURL = strURL.AllocSysString ();
    
    COleSafeArray vPostData;
    if (lpvPostData != NULL)
    {
        if (dwPostDataLen == 0)
            dwPostDataLen = lstrlen ((LPCTSTR) lpvPostData);
        
        vPostData.CreateOneDim (VT_UI1, dwPostDataLen, lpvPostData);
    }
    
    m_pWebBrowser->Navigate (bstrURL, 
        COleVariant ((long) dwFlags, VT_I4), 
        COleVariant (lpszTargetFrameName, VT_BSTR), 
        vPostData, COleVariant (lpszHeaders, VT_BSTR));
    
    SysFreeString (bstrURL);
}

Wait until the web page is loaded

After starting to load a web page using the function above, to wait until the web page to be completely loaded, we can use the READYSTATE property of IWebBrowser2 object.

bool CMyInternetExplorer::WaitTillLoaded (int nTimeout)
{
    READYSTATE result;
    DWORD nFirstTick = GetTickCount ();

    do
    {
        m_pWebBrowser->get_ReadyState (&result);
        
        if (result != READYSTATE_COMPLETE)
            Sleep (250);
        
        if (nTimeout > 0)
        {
            if ((GetTickCount () - nFirstTick) > nTimeout)
                break;
        }
    } while (result != READYSTATE_COMPLETE);

    if (result == READYSTATE_COMPLETE)
        return true;
    else
        return false;
}

This function waits until the web page is completely loaded or a timeout occurs. To wait indefinitely, set the nTimeout parameter to 0.

Find an anchor on a web page

The following function searches for the specified anchor in a web page. The anchor can be specified either by the name, outer text, tool tip or the URL. The anchor element has the following syntax:

<a href = "anhor_URL" name ="anchor_name" 
title = "anchor_tooltip">Outer Text</a>

If bClick parameter is set to true, then if the anchor is found, it will also be clicked on.

bool CMyInternetExplorer::FindAnchor (bool bClick, bool bFocus,
      bool bName, bool bOuterText, bool bTooltip, bool bURL,
      LPCTSTR sName, LPCTSTR sOuterText, LPCTSTR sTooltip, LPCTSTR sURL)
{
    ASSERT (m_pWebBrowser != NULL);
    if (m_pWebBrowser == NULL)
        return false;
    
    HRESULT hr;
    IDispatch* pHtmlDocDispatch = NULL;
    IHTMLDocument2 * pHtmlDoc = NULL;
    bool bSearch = true;

    // Retrieve the document object.
    hr = m_pWebBrowser->get_Document (&pHtmlDocDispatch);
    if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDocDispatch != NULL))
    {
        hr = pHtmlDocDispatch->QueryInterface 
            (IID_IHTMLDocument2,  (void**)&pHtmlDoc);
        if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDoc != NULL))
        {
            IHTMLElementCollection* pColl = NULL;
            hr = pHtmlDoc->get_all (&pColl);

            if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pColl != NULL))
            {
                // Obtained the Anchor Collection...
                long nLength = 0;
                pColl->get_length (&nLength);
                
                for (int i = 0; i < nLength && bSearch; i++)
                {
                    COleVariant vIdx ((long)i, VT_I4);
                    
                    IDispatch* pElemDispatch = NULL;
                    IHTMLElement * pElem = NULL;
                    
                    hr = pColl->item (vIdx, vIdx, &pElemDispatch);
                    
                    if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && 
                                 (pElemDispatch != NULL))
                    {
                        hr = pElemDispatch->QueryInterface 
                           (IID_IHTMLElement, (void**)&pElem);
                        
                        if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pElem != NULL))
                        {
                            BSTR bstrTagName;
                            CString sTempTagName;
                            if (!FAILED (pElem->get_tagName 
                                                 (&bstrTagName)))
                            {
                                sTempTagName = bstrTagName;
                                SysFreeString (bstrTagName);
                            }
                            
                            if (sTempTagName == _T ("a") || 
                                        sTempTagName == _T ("A"))
                            {
                                IHTMLAnchorElement * pAnchor = NULL;
                                hr = pElemDispatch->QueryInterface
                                   (IID_IHTMLAnchorElement, 
                                   (void**)&pAnchor);
                                
                                if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && 
                                               (pAnchor != NULL))
                                {
                                    BSTR bstrName, bstrOuterText, 
                                                 bstrURL, bstrTooltip;
                                    CString sTempName, sTempOuter, 
                                                sTempURL, sTempTooltip;
                                    
                                    if (!FAILED (pElem->get_outerText 
                                                      (&bstrOuterText)))
                                    {
                                        sTempOuter = bstrOuterText;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrOuterText);
                                    }
                                    if (!FAILED 
                                      (pElem->get_title 
                                      (&bstrTooltip)))
                                    {
                                        sTempTooltip = bstrTooltip;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrTooltip);
                                    }
                                    if 
                                      (!FAILED (pAnchor->get_name 
                                      (&bstrName)))
                                    {
                                        sTempName = bstrName;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrName);
                                    }
                                    if (!FAILED (pAnchor->get_href 
                                       (&bstrURL)))
                                    {
                                        sTempURL = bstrURL;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrURL);
                                    }

                                    // Do the comparison here!
                                    bool bMatches = true;
                                    if (bMatches && bName)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                      (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase 
                                      (sName, sTempName))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    if (bMatches && bOuterText)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                       (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase
                                       (sOuterText, sTempOuter))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    if (bMatches && bURL)
                                    {
                                      if
                                       (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase
                                       (sURL, sTempURL))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    if (bMatches && bTooltip)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                      (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase 
                                        (sTooltip, sTempTooltip))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    
                                    if (bMatches)
                                    {
                                        // No need to search more!
                                        bSearch = false;
                                        
                                        if (bFocus)
                                            pAnchor->focus ();
                                        if (bClick)
                                            pElem->click ();
                                    }
                                    pAnchor->Release ();
                                }
                            }
                            pElem->Release ();
                        }
                        pElemDispatch->Release ();
                    }        
                }
                pColl->Release ();
            }
            pHtmlDoc->Release();
        }
        pHtmlDocDispatch->Release ();
    }
    
    if (bSearch == false)
        return true;

    return false;
}

The idea here is very simple. We first enumerate all IHTMLElement objects using get_all function of IHTMLDocument2. Then we check all of the elements to see whether it is an anchor object (IHTMLAnchorElement) or not, by checking its tag name. If it is an "a" or an "A", then it is an anchor object. Then I try to get the IHTMLAnchor object by using the QueryInterface function. The reason that I check the name instead of just using QueryInterface function is performance related. I guess it is much faster to check a tag's name than trying to get IHTMLAnchorElement by using QueryInterface function.

Fill a form on a web page

The idea here is similar to the one above. Instead of finding the anchor element, I try to find all the input elements and then do the same operations. The syntax for an input element is a follows:

<input type="input_type" value="input_value" name="input_name">
bool CMyInternetExplorer::FindInput  (bool bClick, bool bSelect, 
          bool bChangeValue, bool bSetCheck,
          bool bType, bool bName, bool bValue, 
          LPCTSTR sTypeToLook, LPCTSTR sNameToLook, 
          LPCTSTR sValueToLook,
          bool bNewCheckValue, LPCTSTR sNewValue)
{
    ASSERT (m_pWebBrowser != NULL);
    if (m_pWebBrowser == NULL)
        return false;
    
    HRESULT hr;
    IDispatch* pHtmlDocDispatch = NULL;
    IHTMLDocument2 * pHtmlDoc = NULL;
    bool bSearch = true;

    // Retrieve the document object.
    hr = m_pWebBrowser->get_Document (&pHtmlDocDispatch);
    if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDocDispatch != NULL))
    {
        hr = pHtmlDocDispatch->QueryInterface 
           (IID_IHTMLDocument2,  (void**)&pHtmlDoc);
        if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pHtmlDoc != NULL))
        {
            IHTMLElementCollection* pColl = NULL;
            hr = pHtmlDoc->get_all (&pColl);

            if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pColl != NULL))
            {
                // Obtained the Anchor Collection...
                long nLength = 0;
                pColl->get_length (&nLength);
                
                for (int i = 0; i < nLength && bSearch; i++)
                {
                    COleVariant vIdx ((long)i, VT_I4);
                    
                    IDispatch* pElemDispatch = NULL;
                    IHTMLElement * pElem = NULL;
                    
                    hr = pColl->item (vIdx, vIdx, &pElemDispatch);
                    
                    if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pElemDispatch != NULL))
                    {
                        hr = pElemDispatch->QueryInterface 
                          (IID_IHTMLElement, (void**)&pElem);
                        
                        if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && (pElem != NULL))
                        {
                            BSTR bstrTagName;
                            CString sTempTagName;
                            if (!FAILED (pElem->get_tagName 
                                              (&bstrTagName)))
                            {
                                sTempTagName = bstrTagName;
                                sTempTagName.MakeLower ();
                                //AfxMessageBox (sTempTagName);
                                SysFreeString (bstrTagName);
                            }
                            if (sTempTagName == _T ("input"))
                            {
                                IHTMLInputElement * pInputElem = NULL;
                                hr = pElemDispatch->QueryInterface 
                                  (IID_IHTMLInputElement, 
                                  (void**)&pInputElem);
                                
                                if (SUCCEEDED (hr) && 
                                            (pInputElem != NULL))
                                {
                                    BSTR bstrType, bstrName, bstrValue;
                                    CString sTempType, 
                                      sTempName, sTempValue;
                                    
                                    if (!FAILED 
                                       (pInputElem->get_type 
                                       (&bstrType)))
                                    {
                                        sTempType = bstrType;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrType);
                                    }
                                    if (!FAILED (pInputElem->get_name 
                                        (&bstrName)))
                                    {
                                        sTempName = bstrName;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrName);
                                    }
                                    if (!FAILED 
                                      (pInputElem->get_value 
                                      (&bstrValue)))
                                    {
                                        sTempValue = bstrValue;
                                        SysFreeString (bstrValue);
                                    }
                                    // Do the comparison here!
                                    bool bMatches = true;
                                    if (bMatches && bType)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                       (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase
                                        (sTypeToLook, sTempType))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    if (bMatches && bName)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                       (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase 
                                        (sNameToLook, sTempName))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    if (bMatches && bValue)
                                    {
                                      if 
                                       (!StringHelper::WildcardCompareNoCase 
                                        (sValueToLook, sTempValue))
                                            bMatches = false;
                                    }
                                    
                                    if (bMatches)
                                    {
                                      // No need to search more!
                                      bSearch = false;

                                      if (bSetCheck)
                                      {
                                         if (bNewCheckValue)
                                           pInputElem->put_checked 
                                                      (VARIANT_TRUE);
                                         else
                                            pInputElem->put_checked 
                                                   (VARIANT_FALSE);
                                      }
                                      if (bChangeValue)
                                      {
                                        CString sTemp (sNewValue);
                                        BSTR bstrNewValue = 
                                             sTemp.AllocSysString ();
                                        pInputElem->put_value 
                                            (bstrNewValue);
                                        SysFreeString 
                                           (bstrNewValue);
                                      }
                                      if (bSelect)
                                        pInputElem->select ();

                                      if (bClick)
                                         pElem->click ();
                                    }
                                    pInputElem->Release ();
                                }
                            }
                            pElem->Release ();
                        }
                        pElemDispatch->Release ();
                    }        
                }
                pColl->Release ();
            }
            pHtmlDoc->Release();
        }
        pHtmlDocDispatch->Release ();
    }

    if (bSearch == false)
        return true;
    
    return false;
}

Some points that you should keep in mind

  • The attached source code includes a few more functions to fill the forms on web pages.
  • The source code above does not search inside Frame objects. However, this should not be a hard task. The frame objects should be enumerated and then the IHTMLDocument2 of each frame should be checked recursively. May be I will implement this in the next update.
  • In order to use IHTMLInputElement object, you need at least Internet Explorer 5.0
  • I am not an expert Internet Explorer programmer. Lately, I needed to automate Internet Explorer and then wrote these functions. I wrote most of them on my own, and they may have some bug fixes in it.
  • Please do not ask me why I used MFC, not ATL. The reason is that I don't know ATL :( However, if you guys help me to convert this code into ATL, I would be very glad. I may even start learning ATL :-)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Mustafa Demirhan
Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralA suggestion to select input items PinmemberEnrico Detoma25-Mar-04 21:06 
GeneralRe: A suggestion to select input items PinmemberMustafa Demirhan26-Mar-04 21:48 
Questionhow to measure IE Page load time. PinmemberPamorn16-Mar-04 17:13 
AnswerRe: how to measure IE Page load time. PinmemberMustafa Demirhan26-Mar-04 21:54 
GeneralRe: how to measure IE Page load time. Pinsussqqq21-Jun-04 20:42 
GeneralRe: how to measure IE Page load time. PinmemberMustafa Demirhan21-Jun-04 23:17 
QuestionHow to change valu &lt;input type=&quot;file&quot; Pinmemberfeodorit9-Mar-04 3:01 
AnswerRe: How to change value of input type="file" PinmemberEnrico Detoma25-Mar-04 20:10 
GeneralRe: How to change value of input type=&quot;file&quot; PinmemberMustafa Demirhan26-Mar-04 16:54 
GeneralRe: How to change value of input type=&quot;file&quot; PinmemberEnrico Detoma26-Mar-04 20:38 
GeneralRe: How to change value of input type=&quot;file&quot; PinmemberMustafa Demirhan26-Mar-04 21:44 
GeneralRe: How to change value of input type=&quot;file&quot; PinmemberEnrico Detoma28-Mar-04 0:51 
GeneralRe: How to change value of input type=&quot;file&quot; Pinmembersfirouza8-Dec-04 20:56 
Generalerror C2065: 'IHTMLInputElement' : undeclared identifier Pinmemberwangshengqiang4-Jan-04 21:14 
error C2065: 'IHTMLInputElement' : undeclared identifier
 
but 'IHTMLInputTextElement' is rigth.
GeneralRe: error C2065: 'IHTMLInputElement' : undeclared identifier PinmemberMustafa Demirhan4-Jan-04 22:35 
GeneralRe: error C2065: 'IHTMLInputElement' : undeclared identifier PinmemberAbhi Lahare11-Feb-04 20:30 
GeneralRe: error C2065: 'IHTMLInputElement' : undeclared identifier Pinmemberyourbuddy7729-Feb-04 20:02 
QuestionHow to draw border to highlight Pinmemberneeleshd10-Nov-03 19:13 
AnswerRe: How to draw border to highlight PinmemberJim Howard17-Feb-04 10:50 
GeneralRe: How to draw border to highlight Pinsussqqq21-Jun-04 20:57 
GeneralHelp needed in executing Javascript from a html page Pinmembershivsun10-Oct-03 2:32 
GeneralFile download completion PinmemberRancidCrabtree3-Jul-03 9:58 
GeneralRe: File download completion PinmemberMustafa Demirhan3-Jul-03 10:53 
GeneralRe: File download completion Pinmemberzero.sg26-Jun-04 5:19 
Generalwaiting for completion of page download Pinsussprabhdeep1-Jul-03 20:53 
GeneralRe: waiting for completion of page download PinmemberMustafa Demirhan1-Jul-03 21:27 
Generalthank you PinmembereXplodus27-Jun-03 0:19 
GeneralRe: thank you PinmemberMustafa Demirhan27-Jun-03 7:59 
GeneralRe: thank you PinmembereXplodus29-Jun-03 8:55 

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