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@Alex-Perepletov

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Member since Friday, January 31, 2003 (11 years, 7 months)

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RantControl.GetStyle() should be public. PinmemberAlex Perepletov15-Mar-09 19:52 
GeneralRetrieve PropertyInfo of current property. PinmemberAlex Perepletov28-Dec-08 5:35 
Many properties of my project perform input validation. Exceptions are thrown when input is invalid. I decided to automate generation of the error message that gets displayed in case of these exceptions. The very least that I need to know to display this message is the name of the property that threw an exception.
 
At first, I changed set accessors of some properties to throw property name as the Exception message. Like so:
 
public int MyIntProperty
{
	get { return _myInt; }
	set
	{
		if (value == 10)
			throw new Exception("MyIntProperty");
		_myInt = value;
	}
}
 
This has a drawback of manually updating the string that gets thrown. One can forget to do so when changing property name, or make a typo. Can’t we make computer do this for us? How can we find information on property from inside that property?
 
Information on currently executing method is found using static method MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod(). Too bad there is no PropertyInfo.GetCurrentProperty() method. That is basically what we want.
 
MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod() still comes to the rescue. Compiler transforms get accessors into get_PropertyName methods, while set accessors are transformed into set_PropertyName methods. Calling MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod() from the set accessor of the MyIntProperty above returns a setAccessor = {Void set_MyIntProperty(Int32)}
 
So, we have the set accessor method. Now all we need to do is to loop through Properties of our object’s Type, and find the Property that has set_MyIntProperty set accessor. PropertyInfo.GetSetMethod() looks up the Property set accessor function. The following function finds the PropertyInfo for a specific set accessor:
 
private PropertyInfo FindMyProperty(object obj, MethodBase setAccessor)
{
	Type type = obj.GetType();
	foreach (PropertyInfo pi in type.GetProperties())
	{
		MethodInfo mi = pi.GetSetMethod();
		if (MethodInfo.Equals(mi, setAccessor))
		{
			return pi;
		}
	}
	return null;
}
 
Here’s an example of a modified MyIntProperty that uses the new function to find its own PropertyInfo:
 
using System;
using System.Reflection;
 
namespace CurrentProperty
{
	class Program
	{
		private float _myFloat = 0f;
		private int _myInt = 0;
 
		static void Main(string[] args)
		{
			Program p = new Program();
 
			p.MyFloatProperty = 10f;
			p.MyIntProperty = 10;
		}
 
		public float MyFloatProperty
		{
			get { return _myFloat; }
			set
			{
				if (value == 10f)
					throw new Exception(FindMyProperty(this, MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod()).Name);
 
				_myFloat = value;
			}
		}
 
		public int MyIntProperty
		{
			get { return _myInt; }
			set
			{
				if (value == 10)
					throw new Exception(FindMyProperty(this, MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod()).Name);
 
				_myInt = value;
			}
		}
 
		private PropertyInfo FindMyProperty(object obj, MethodBase setAccessor)
		{
			Type type = obj.GetType();
			foreach (PropertyInfo pi in type.GetProperties())
			{
				MethodInfo mi = pi.GetSetMethod();
				if (MethodInfo.Equals(mi, setAccessor))
				{
					return pi;
				}
			}
			return null;
		}
	}
}

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