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I have a Win32 library for which the character set is preset to - Use Unicode Character Set and I want to use a WCHAR array for storing a string literal constant.
For example:
WCHAR string[] = "MyWideCharString";

When I compile the code I get the error that states:
Error   1   error C2440: 'initializing' : cannot convert from 'const char [17]' to 'WCHAR []'   14

I tried using _T macro also,but I got a compile error again:
Error   1   error C3861: '_T': identifier not found 14

So how can I use the WCHAR character arrays in my library?
Posted 26-May-11 20:56pm
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Solution 1

The problem is the syntax for a string literal. The type WCHAR is the character type wchar_t; the string literal for this type should be prefixed with "L":

WCHAR string[] = L"MyWideCharString";

You can also use portable declaration style:

_TCHAR string[] = _T("MyWideCharString");

Here, _TCHAR and _T are just macro which works depending the definition of _UNICODE. They make type declaration either char or w_char and the string literal either L-prefixed or not, which allows you to switch from non-Unicode (ANSI) to Unicode version of the same code. This way, the type declarations and string literal using the macro remain consistent in either case.


Null-terminated portable string types based on _TCHAR are LPTSTR and LPCTSTR, see[^].

santosh dhanawade at 27-May-11 2:18am
Good one -SA
Can tell me how to send bug to microsoft.
for please see my prevous post.
SAKryukov at 27-May-11 2:43am
Thank you, Santosh,
I saw it, did not try to reproduce. I have no good idea about the situation with reporting to Microsoft. I've done it once too long time age, not sure Microsoft is really responsive.
SP 24 at 27-May-11 3:03am
+5 :)
HarishTheLearner at 27-May-11 2:22am
Hi SAKryukov,
Thanks for the reply,
I studied from this link -, that said to use _T macro for Unicode!so I assume in case of MFC to use _T and for win32 to use L.
Please correct if I am wrong.
Niklas Lindquist at 27-May-11 3:01am
_T(x) is only a macro which will expand to prefix its argument string with 'L' if UNICODE is defined or just x otherwise. It can be used with or without MFC.
SAKryukov at 27-May-11 3:03am
Sure. See updated answer.
Niklas Lindquist at 27-May-11 3:43am
A well deserved 5.
SAKryukov at 27-May-11 4:05am
Thank you, Niklas.
Richard MacCutchan at 27-May-11 4:59am
If you wish to use the _T() macro then you need to include tchar.h somewhere, either at the top of the .cpp file or in one of your other included headers.
SAKryukov at 28-May-11 3:26am
Thank you, Richard -- important note.
HarishTheLearner at 27-May-11 6:22am
Yes,Now I am able to get it running well with inclusion of tchar.h,Thank you all for the help
SAKryukov at 28-May-11 3:24am
You're welcome.
Thanks for accepting this answer.
Good luck, call again,
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Solution 2

WCHAR string[] = TEXT("MyWideCharString");
Richard MacCutchan at 6-Jan-13 12:22pm
Why are you trying to answer a question that is nearly two years old?

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