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I have a column name sender_index_code in a table called action_taken. now i ma trying to search into the table using sender_index_code.
Some values of sender_index_code are like
now i am letting user enter only the number part and search the table like when user enter 5/2012 he will be shown the records for the sender_index_code 5/2012-D-prog.
for this i am using this query
 select * from action_taken where  substring(sender_index_code,1,charindex('-',sender_index_code,0)-1) ='5/2012'
but it shows me error that
Invalid length parameter passed to the LEFT or SUBSTRING function.
how ever when i am breking this query into two pasts for test purpose in my sql server they are working fine.
for example i first find the char index of '-'.
select CHARINDEX ('-','5/2012-D-prog',0)-1
here i have used -1 because i want to get values fore the '-'
then use this char index to extract string before the first '-'
select SUBSTRING('5/2012-D-prog',1,6)
abd it gives me the right answer i.e 5/2012 but the whole query as a whole is not working
Posted 3-Oct-12 21:45pm
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Solution 2

Thats because if charindex is not present then substring will become 0-1 =-1 but the index itself starts from 0 and no element would be at -1 index.
For eg, if 5/2012D is one of the value, then in substring function it becomes
substring(sender_index_code,1,(0-1)) and it will throw error
select * from action_taken where '5/2012'=
 CASe when charindex('-',sender_index_code,0)>0 then  substring(sender_index_code,1,charindex('-',sender_index_code,0)-1)
else ''
ujjwal uniyal at 4-Oct-12 3:40am
Thanks Santhosh.. your answer was helpful as always :)
Santhosh Kumar J at 4-Oct-12 3:43am
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Solution 1

I think u use 'like' clause
try like that :
select * from action_taken where sender_index_code like 'your data' + '%'

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