I recently needed to be able to create a Jet (Microsoft Access) database programatically from a C# WinForms application. Although the rest of the application uses standard SQL with
System.Data.OleDB, for Jet databases, there is no method for creating a new database.
To solve this problem, I manually created a new Jet database using Microsoft Access.TM I simply opened Access, then created a new database from New | Blank Database from the Office button menu. For my purpose, I selected an Access 2000 format, but you can use whatever format makes sense. I named the database blankjetdb.mdb, but any convenient name is fine. Once created, I quit Access, and copied the blankjetdb.mdb to my project directory.
Using Visual Studio 2008TM, I opened the project that needs to create a blank database and add the blankjetdb.mdb file to the project, set Build Action to Embedded Resource and Copy to Output Directory to Copy Always. Now, whenever the project is built, blankjetdb.mdb will be embedded as a resource in the project. This adds only about 170 kB to the project in my case.
To create a Jet database in C#, the following code can be used to extract the blank database and save it to disk as required. Change the string
"MyNameSpace.blankjetdb.mdb" to use your own application
namespace and file name, of course.
Stream objStream = null;
FileStream objFileStream = null;
System.Reflection.Assembly objAssembly =
byte abytResource = new Byte[objStream.Length];
objStream.Read(abytResource, 0, (int)objStream.Length);
objFileStream = new FileStream(Filename, FileMode.Create);
objFileStream.Write(abytResource, 0, (int)objStream.Length);
catch (Exception e)
MessageBox.Show("Database not created: "+e.Message);
if (objFileStream != null)
objFileStream = null;
Once the database file has been created, it can be opened using the
OleDbConnection class with a suitable connection string.