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Convert Datatable to Collection using Generic

, 12 Jun 2011 CPOL 61.6K 31
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This is an example to Convert from a datatable to a specific type of collection using Generic
Prerequisite: using System.Reflection;

Sometime at the time of coding, we need to convert a DataTableto a generic list.

Suppose I have a DataTablewhich contains Employeeinformation. Now if I want to convert this into the collection of the Employeeclass. For this type of requirement, there is no in-built function. We need to write our own coding. And after sometime, we got the same requirement to some other type of object, then again new coding for that specific type.

Instead, we can make our custom method which will work for all types of Class.

First, I am creating an Extension Method.

public static class MyExtensionClass
     public static List<T> ToCollection<T>(this DataTable dt)
        List<T> lst = new System.Collections.Generic.List<T>();
        Type tClass = typeof(T);
        PropertyInfo[] pClass = tClass.GetProperties();
        List<DataColumn> dc = dt.Columns.Cast<DataColumn>().ToList();
        T cn;
        foreach (DataRow item in dt.Rows)
            cn = (T)Activator.CreateInstance(tClass);
            foreach (PropertyInfo pc in pClass)
                // Can comment try catch block. 
                    DataColumn d = dc.Find(c => c.ColumnName == pc.Name);
                    if (d != null)
                        pc.SetValue(cn, item[pc.Name], null);
        return lst;

We can comment line 1 and line 2, still it will work because of the tryblock.

Here is an example.


public class ClassName
        public string ItemCode { get; set; }
        public string Cost { get; set; }
        public override string ToString()
            return "ItemCode : " + ItemCode + ", Cost : " + Cost;


public DataTable getTable()
        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
        dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ItemCode", typeof(string)));
        dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Cost", typeof(string)));
        DataRow dr;
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
            dr = dt.NewRow();
            dr[0] = "ItemCode" + (i + 1);
            dr[1] = "Cost" + (i + 1);
        return dt;

Now we can convert this DataTableto List like that:

DataTable dt = getTable();
    List<ClassName> lst = dt.ToCollection<ClassName>();
    foreach (ClassName cn in lst)
        Response.Write(cn.ToString() + "<BR/>");


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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Comments and Discussions

QuestionConverting Dataset to Generic LIst<T> Pin
Jerin Kurian3-Dec-14 18:21
memberJerin Kurian3-Dec-14 18:21 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
M Rayhan8-Nov-13 0:18
memberM Rayhan8-Nov-13 0:18 
QuestionThere is a generic method to do so... Pin
Asad Ali Malik2-Jan-13 20:04
memberAsad Ali Malik2-Jan-13 20:04 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Pravin Patil, Mumbai8-Jul-12 22:31
memberPravin Patil, Mumbai8-Jul-12 22:31 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 A great time saver Pin
RV Williams23-Aug-11 21:14
memberRV Williams23-Aug-11 21:14 
GeneralRe: thanks Williams Pin
nit_singh26-Aug-11 21:35
membernit_singh26-Aug-11 21:35 
GeneralYou can avoid the Activator.CreateInstance call by adding a ... Pin
Richard Deeming23-Aug-11 8:30
memberRichard Deeming23-Aug-11 8:30 
GeneralRe: yes right..i will modify it Pin
nit_singh26-Aug-11 21:36
membernit_singh26-Aug-11 21:36 
GeneralRe: You can avoid the Activator.CreateInstance call by adding a ... Pin
Adhikari Surendra28-Jul-13 1:42
professionalAdhikari Surendra28-Jul-13 1:42 
GeneralDoes your method handle DBNull.Value for all the datatypes. Pin
Mycroft Holmes14-Aug-11 19:59
memberMycroft Holmes14-Aug-11 19:59 
GeneralRe: yes it handles Pin
nit_singh17-Aug-11 8:10
membernit_singh17-Aug-11 8:10 
Generalusefull in some cases.But there may be some performance issu... Pin
leopard44713-Jun-11 19:44
memberleopard44713-Jun-11 19:44 
GeneralRe: leopard447 - if you have any other suggetion then publicsh h... Pin
nit_singh14-Jun-11 23:58
membernit_singh14-Jun-11 23:58 
GeneralRe: Nice article. @leopard447 I was also going to test the code'... Pin
Mutahar15-Jun-11 3:29
memberMutahar15-Jun-11 3:29 
Generalgood one Pin
Shahriar Iqbal Chowdhury16-May-11 11:41
memberShahriar Iqbal Chowdhury16-May-11 11:41 

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