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Trick when using Array.Contains()

, 20 Jun 2011
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A trick when using Array.Contains()
Wouldn’t it be nice if you could test whether an element is contained in an array by using a Contains method just like the one available on List objects? Wouldn’t it be good if you could write code like this?
 
string[] stuff = ....;
if (stuff.Contains(“item”))
{
    ...
}
 
In .NET 3.5, this is possible out of the box (make sure you reference System.Core and include the System.Linq namespace) but if you try to run this code in .NET 2.0 or .NET 3.0, you will get errors. Nevertheless the .NET Framework 2.0 does provide a Contains() method on any Array object.
 

In the .NET Framework 2.0, System.Array implements the System.Collections.Generic.IList<T> interface. Unfortunately the implementation of the IList interface is provided at runtime, so we do not see the methods in Visual Studio and we cannot write array.Contains().
 
Instead, we have to cast the array to the appropriate IList interface:
 
string[] arr = new string[] { “RR US”, “RR India”, “RR UK” };
if (!((IList<string>)arr).Contains(“India”))
{
     System.Console.WriteLine ("Correct! We are working with RR India");
}
 
The documentation explains it as follows:
 
In the .NET Framework version 2.0, the Array class implements the System.Collections.Generic.IList, System.Collections.Generic.ICollection, and System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable generic interfaces. The implementations are provided to arrays at run time, and therefore are not visible to the documentation build tools. As a result, the generic interfaces do not appear in the declaration syntax for the Array class, and there are no reference topics for interface members that are accessible only by casting an array to the generic interface type (explicit interface implementations). The key thing to be aware of when you cast an array to one of these interfaces is that members which add, insert, or remove elements throw NotSupportedException.
 
So next time, you can save yourself from writing (unnecessary) code like this:
 
    bool found =false;
    foreach (string s in array)
    {
        if (s.Equals(“item”))
        {
            found =true;
            break;
        }
    }
    if (found)
    {
       ........
    }
 
Happy programming!!!!!

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Kiran Sonawane
iNautix Technologies
India India
I am microsoft professional having about 5 years of experience on web technologies and working as senior developer. I am self starter guy and proficient in asp.net, web & wcf service. Try to learn something new everyday, this is how I work. In my 5 years of experience I worked Microsoft technology, PHP, classic ASP, Cold Fusion and Ruby on Rails.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Gud one Pinmemberkgsrr25-Jun-11 22:17 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Interesting, but does it have some a... Pinmemberivanicin21-Jun-11 9:57 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Helpful! Pinmemberw.a.g.i20-Jun-11 20:01 
GeneralRe: Thanks!!! PinmemberKiran Sonawane21-Jun-11 0:58 
GeneralThanks to provied us to good use of Contains PinmemberSushma Sadafule13-Jun-11 2:15 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Good framework wise trick Pingroupsachin10d12-Jun-11 22:06 
Generalnice one , use of contains Pinmembersarikangaikwad@gmail.com12-Jun-11 19:06 
GeneralNice information, Thanks! PinmemberAnarkali Bhaladar12-Jun-11 19:03 
GeneralGood one, Thanks ! PinmemberMember 429968212-Jun-11 18:59 
GeneralNice one.... Thanks! PinmemberRakeshMeena11-Jun-11 20:23 

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